Day and Night of Brahma
Science writers Carl Sagan and Fritjof Capra have pointed out similarities between the latest scientific understanding of the age of the universe, and the Hindu concept of a "day and night of Brahma", which is much closer to the current known age of the universe than other creation views. The days and nights of Brahma posit a view of the universe that is divinely created, and is not strictly evolutionary, but an ongoing cycle of birth, death, and rebirth of the universe. According to Sagan:
The Hindu dharma is the only one of the world's great faiths dedicated to the idea that the Cosmos itself undergoes an immense, indeed an infinite, number of deaths and rebirths. It is the only dharma in which time scales correspond to those of modern scientific cosmology. Its cycles run from our ordinary day and night to a day and night of Brahma, 8.64 billion years long, longer than the age of the Earth or the Sun and about half the time since the Big Bang.
Capra, in his popular book The Tao of Physics, wrote that:
This idea of a periodically expanding and contracting universe, which involves a scale of time and space of vast proportions, has arisen not only in modern cosmology, but also in ancient Indian mythology. Experiencing the universe as an organic and rhythmically moving cosmos, the Hindus were able to develop evolutionary cosmologies which come very close to our modern scientific models.
Dashāvatāras and evolution
British geneticist and evolutionary biologist, J B S Haldane, observed that the Dashavataras (ten principal avatars of Lord Vishnu) are a true sequential depiction of the great unfolding of evolution. Like the evolutionary process itself the first true manifestation of the god is a fish the Matsya, then comes the aquatic reptile turtle, the Kurma, then an animal the boar Varaha, then narashimha, a humanoid being, Vamana, the pigmy man then the rest five are humans.
Order of Evolution according to Darwin:
2.Tetrapodes (Amphibian with legs)
4.Primates (to Hominidae):
5.Hominidae before Homo Erectus (more like humans but much shorter):
6.Homo Erectus (to Homo Sapiens):
Evolution in the form of Dashavataar
First five represents Biological-Evolution and next five represents Civilization-Evolution
- Matsya Avtar(The Fish): Begining of life in water
- Kurma Avtar (The Turtle-Amphibian):Amphibian,Adapted to live in water as well as on land
- Varah Avtar(The First Mammal): Mammal who saved the Land from Giant Dinosaur
- Narasimha Avtar(Half Man-Half Animal)
Vamana Avtar(The Dwarf)
Parashurama Avtar (Man with Iron Weapon)
- Rama Avtar (Man who taught the lesson of Discipline)
- Krishna Avtar (Man who taught the lesson of Management)
- Buddha Avtar (Man who taught the lesson of Peace)
- Kalki Avtar (Half Man-Half Machine)