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Some major religions like Christianity, Islam and Judaism have the Creation Story, which describes how God created the universe, the earth and then the first man and woman, who are regarded as the father and mother of all mankind.

Does Hinduism also have the Creation Story?

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There are many versions of the creation story according many traditions/philosophies. But the creation story isn't as essential as it is in Christianity or Judaism. –  Bharat Jul 15 at 13:22
Since Hinduism don't have a birth date, compare the answers to this questions with the stories exists in Christianity or Judaism. Look how they modified and used them. –  Bharadwaj Jul 15 at 13:25
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3 Answers 3

Hinduism doesn't have a creation story, it has a lots of creation stories. Creation stories are central to puranas, local myths and beliefs. So there are a lot of variations to the stories even between purana to purana. But regarding the concept of first man and woman, yes it's also there in Hinduism. They are known as Manu and Shatarupa.

However, the creation stories are not exactly like that of the other religions where God created the world and the first man and woman just appeared inside it in the sixth day or so. In most of the puranas the creation process starts from Vishnu, from whom arises Brahma and then Brahma creates all other beings. Among all the beings that are created, not all were of the same type. Some were gods, some were demons, some were sages and so on. So Manu was one of the created beings who propagated the human lineage on earth. He even built a boat during a great flood to preserve life on earth. You will find this similar to Noah's ark story.

But apart from the stories, scriptures also maintain statements in favour of evolutionary process of creation. For example, the Taitariya Upanishad says:

tasmādvā etasmādātmana ākāśaḥ saṃbhūtaḥ ākāśādvāyuḥ vāayoragniḥ agnerāpaḥ adabhyaḥ pṛthivī pṛthivyā oṣadhayaḥ oṣadhībhyonnam annātpuruṣaḥ [Tait. Up. - 2.1]

Verily from this Self (the singularity) arose the space; from space air, from air fire, from fire water, from water earth, from earth minerals, from minerals vegetation and from vegetation man.

So because Hinduism doesn't have only one authoritative book, there is no single authoritative creation story. And because creation stories are part of mythology they tend to vary from scripture to scripture at least to some extent.

Shrimad Bhagavatam, 2.5
Shrimad Bhagavatam, 2.6

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Creation Story of the universe can be described as a Big Loop which include many nested loop systems. Will start with a loop that actually describes how Earth and Creatures created.

Brahma as all know is Shrushtikarta, means he have the ultimate power to creation. The time of Brahma will start after a Brahma Kalpa. Brahma Kalpa is like replacement of Brahma. When new person take charge as Bramha he will pray Lord Vishnu to give powers to make creations. Lord Vishnu will give powers to Brahma to create universe.

Initial stage of the universe will be in the shape of Golden Egg this Egg is created by Bramha, so Bramha is also called as Hiranyagarbha. This Egg will split into two parts, top half will become 7 Oordhvalokas and below part becomes 7 Adharalokas. This completes first stage of Shrushti.

Then comes other creations. Since Brahma can't handle everything, he will create few assistants. First Bramha creates 4 sons Sanaka, Sanatana, Sanandana and Sanatkumara. But they refused to assist him in his creation process and proceed to be in Bramhacharya forever. Then Bramha creates 9 sons together they called NavaBramha and they are, Marichi, Atri, Angirasa, Pulastya, Pulaha, Pratu, Bhrugu, Vasista and Daksha. Narada is considered as Bramha Manasa Putra but will not take part in Shrushti. Then these 9 sons of Brahma carried Shrusti.

Pratu one among nine sons of Brahma had assigned with the task to find a suitable place for Shrusti. He searched all locations to find a suitable planet. Then he choose planet Earth to continue Shrusti. Because Pratu found this planet, so this planet is named accordingly Pruthvi.

This process will be continued only when Brahma will change. Between this change there will be again small Shrushti. There is also a case where Shrusti will happen only on earth. This will be at the end of all Yugas. There are different ways of ending to all creatures on this earth. This depends on how many times all 4 Yugas repeated. This small ending is called as Pralaya. In a normal case, Jala Pralaya will happen. In case of Jala Pralaya, Markandeya Mahamuni will prepare a big Boat, big enough to fit all life samples in it. Then he will collect all life samples in it and tie that boat to Mainaka Parvata. After the end of Jala Pralaya, he will start the Shrushti again.

There is more to explain but less time. I have just mentioned basics of Shrushti. You can find different explanation in different scripts. What I have given is from Bhagavatam. Still there is lot to explain, but I too have less info with me.

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Hi Bharadwaj, maintain consistent spelling for Srushti. Also can you give reference from bhagavatam. –  Tejesh Alimilli Jul 20 at 13:44
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Day and Night of Brahma

Science writers Carl Sagan and Fritjof Capra have pointed out similarities between the latest scientific understanding of the age of the universe, and the Hindu concept of a "day and night of Brahma", which is much closer to the current known age of the universe than other creation views. The days and nights of Brahma posit a view of the universe that is divinely created, and is not strictly evolutionary, but an ongoing cycle of birth, death, and rebirth of the universe. According to Sagan:

The Hindu dharma is the only one of the world's great faiths dedicated to the idea that the Cosmos itself undergoes an immense, indeed an infinite, number of deaths and rebirths. It is the only dharma in which time scales correspond to those of modern scientific cosmology. Its cycles run from our ordinary day and night to a day and night of Brahma, 8.64 billion years long, longer than the age of the Earth or the Sun and about half the time since the Big Bang.

Capra, in his popular book The Tao of Physics, wrote that:

This idea of a periodically expanding and contracting universe, which involves a scale of time and space of vast proportions, has arisen not only in modern cosmology, but also in ancient Indian mythology. Experiencing the universe as an organic and rhythmically moving cosmos, the Hindus were able to develop evolutionary cosmologies which come very close to our modern scientific models.

Dashāvatāras and evolution

British geneticist and evolutionary biologist, J B S Haldane, observed that the Dashavataras (ten principal avatars of Lord Vishnu) are a true sequential depiction of the great unfolding of evolution. Like the evolutionary process itself the first true manifestation of the god is a fish the Matsya, then comes the aquatic reptile turtle, the Kurma, then an animal the boar Varaha, then narashimha, a humanoid being, Vamana, the pigmy man then the rest five are humans.


Order of Evolution according to Darwin:

1.Chordates (Fish) 2.Tetrapodes (Amphibian with legs) 3.Mammals 4.Primates (to Hominidae): 5.Hominidae before Homo Erectus (more like humans but much shorter): 6.Homo Erectus (to Homo Sapiens): 7.Homo Sapiens

Evolution in the form of Dashavataar

First five represents Biological-Evolution and next five represents Civilization-Evolution

  1. Matsya Avtar(The Fish): Begining of life in water
  2. Kurma Avtar (The Turtle-Amphibian):Amphibian,Adapted to live in water as well as on land
  3. Varah Avtar(The First Mammal): Mammal who saved the Land from Giant Dinosaur
  4. Narasimha Avtar(Half Man-Half Animal)
  5. Vamana Avtar(The Dwarf)

  6. Parashurama Avtar (Man with Iron Weapon)

  7. Rama Avtar (Man who taught the lesson of Discipline)
  8. Krishna Avtar (Man who taught the lesson of Management)
  9. Buddha Avtar (Man who taught the lesson of Peace)
  10. Kalki Avtar (Half Man-Half Machine)

enter image description here

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The question is about first creation, not the evelutionary process. You didn't answer the question –  Tejesh Alimilli Jul 20 at 13:30
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