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These are the four states of consciousness that exist as they are and a jiva experiences them one after another in a cyclic manner. Just like a person experiences the changing seasons around him, he experiences the first three states almost daily cyclically. But to experience the turiya state a jiva has to raise his consciousness in the waking state, the only state where any action is possible.

Like to perceive and experience things external and internal organs are required, to perceive these states the mind is required. So these states of consciousness occur in the mind of a jiva. These states are nothing but reflections of different states of consciousness on the mind (antahkarana). So the Paingala Upanishad says:

antaḥkaraṇapratibimbitacaitanyaṃ yattadevāvasthātrayabhāgbhavati
- Consciousness being reflected on the antahkarana becomes the three states.

And to be more specific, Adi Sankaracharya says it is in the vijnanamaya kosha (intellectual sheath) that the different states happen:

अस्यैव विज्ञानमयस्य जाग्रतस्वप्नाद्यवस्थाः सुखःदुखःभोगः [Vivk. Chd. - 187]
- The states like waking, dreaming, etc. and the expereience of happiness and distress belong to this intellectual sheath.

When the consciousness reflected is of the waking state the jiva perceives the world and other worlds through senses organs and also through buddhi, chitta, ahankara. But when it is of the sleeping state only chitta is functioning and all other organs at rest. And in the turiya state there is experience of only one consciousness and nothing else.

Regarding the location of the jiva in the body during these states the Brahma Upanishad sayas:

netrasthaṃ jāgrataṃ vidyātkaṇṭhe svapnaṃ vinirdiṣet
suṣuptaṃ hṛdayasthaṃ tu turīyaṃ mūrdhni saṃsthitam

Meaning
Know that in the waking state the jiva is situated in the eye, in the throat in the dreaming state, in the heart in the sleeping state and at the top of the head in the turiya state.

However, this doesn't mean that the jiva exists only in those locations in the four states. It means the jiva primarily resides at those locations during the corresponding states and from there it pervades the whole body. For example, the jiva dwells between the eyebrows in the waking state and from there pervades the whole body (tatra bhrūmadhyaṃ gato jīva āpādamastakaṃ vyāpya - Paingala Up.) like light pervades all the room irrespective of where the bulb is located.

These are the four states of consciousness that exist as they are and a jiva experiences them one after another in a cyclic manner. Just like a person experiences the changing seasons around him, he experiences the first three states almost daily cyclically. But to experience the turiya state a jiva has to raise his consciousness in the waking state, the only state where any action is possible.

Like to perceive and experience things external and internal organs are required, to perceive these states the mind is required. So these states of consciousness occur in the mind of a jiva. These states are nothing but reflections of different states of consciousness on the mind. So the Paingala Upanishad says:

antaḥkaraṇapratibimbitacaitanyaṃ yattadevāvasthātrayabhāgbhavati
- Consciousness being reflected on the antahkarana becomes the three states.

When the consciousness reflected is of the waking state the jiva perceives the world and other worlds through senses organs and also through buddhi, chitta, ahankara. But when it is of the sleeping state only chitta is functioning and all other organs at rest. And in the turiya state there is experience of only one consciousness and nothing else.

Regarding the location of the jiva in the body during these states the Brahma Upanishad sayas:

netrasthaṃ jāgrataṃ vidyātkaṇṭhe svapnaṃ vinirdiṣet
suṣuptaṃ hṛdayasthaṃ tu turīyaṃ mūrdhni saṃsthitam

Meaning
Know that in the waking state the jiva is situated in the eye, in the throat in the dreaming state, in the heart in the sleeping state and at the top of the head in the turiya state.

However, this doesn't mean that the jiva exists only in those locations in the four states. It means the jiva primarily resides at those locations during the corresponding states and from there it pervades the whole body. For example, the jiva dwells between the eyebrows in the waking state and from there pervades the whole body (tatra bhrūmadhyaṃ gato jīva āpādamastakaṃ vyāpya - Paingala Up.) like light pervades all the room irrespective of where the bulb is located.

These are the four states of consciousness that exist as they are and a jiva experiences them one after another in a cyclic manner. Just like a person experiences the changing seasons around him, he experiences the first three states almost daily cyclically. But to experience the turiya state a jiva has to raise his consciousness in the waking state, the only state where any action is possible.

Like to perceive and experience things external and internal organs are required, to perceive these states the mind is required. So these states of consciousness occur in the mind of a jiva. These states are nothing but reflections of different states of consciousness on the mind (antahkarana). So the Paingala Upanishad says:

antaḥkaraṇapratibimbitacaitanyaṃ yattadevāvasthātrayabhāgbhavati
- Consciousness being reflected on the antahkarana becomes the three states.

And to be more specific, Adi Sankaracharya says it is in the vijnanamaya kosha (intellectual sheath) that the different states happen:

अस्यैव विज्ञानमयस्य जाग्रतस्वप्नाद्यवस्थाः सुखःदुखःभोगः [Vivk. Chd. - 187]
- The states like waking, dreaming, etc. and the expereience of happiness and distress belong to this intellectual sheath.

When the consciousness reflected is of the waking state the jiva perceives the world and other worlds through senses organs and also through buddhi, chitta, ahankara. But when it is of the sleeping state only chitta is functioning and all other organs at rest. And in the turiya state there is experience of only one consciousness and nothing else.

Regarding the location of the jiva in the body during these states the Brahma Upanishad sayas:

netrasthaṃ jāgrataṃ vidyātkaṇṭhe svapnaṃ vinirdiṣet
suṣuptaṃ hṛdayasthaṃ tu turīyaṃ mūrdhni saṃsthitam

Meaning
Know that in the waking state the jiva is situated in the eye, in the throat in the dreaming state, in the heart in the sleeping state and at the top of the head in the turiya state.

However, this doesn't mean that the jiva exists only in those locations in the four states. It means the jiva primarily resides at those locations during the corresponding states and from there it pervades the whole body. For example, the jiva dwells between the eyebrows in the waking state and from there pervades the whole body (tatra bhrūmadhyaṃ gato jīva āpādamastakaṃ vyāpya - Paingala Up.) like light pervades all the room irrespective of where the bulb is located.

2 added 15 characters in body
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These are the four states of consciousness that exist as they are and a jiva experiences them one after another in a cyclic manner. Just like a person experiences the changing seasons around him, he experiences the first three states almost daily cyclically. But to experience the turiya state a jiva has to raise his consciousness in the waking state, the only state where any action is possible.

Like to perceive and experience things external and internal organs are required, to perceive these states the mind is required. So these states of consciousness occur in the mind of a jiva. These states are nothing but reflections of different states of consciousness on the mind. So the Paingala Upanishad says:

antaḥkaraṇapratibimbitacaitanyaṃ yattadevāvasthātrayabhāgbhavati
- Consciousness being reflected on the antahkarana becomes the three states.

When the consciousness reflected is of the waking state the jiva perceives the world and other worlds through senses organs and also through buddhi, chitta, ahankara. But when it is of the sleeping state only chitta is functioning and all other organs at rest. And in the turiya state there is experience of only one consciousness and nothing else.

Regarding the location of the jiva in the body during these states the Brahma Upanishad sayas:

netrasthaṃ jāgrataṃ vidyātkaṇṭhe svapnaṃ vinirdiṣet
suṣuptaṃ hṛdayasthaṃ tu turīyaṃ mūrdhni saṃsthitam

Meaning
Know that in the waking state the jiva is situated in the eye, in the throat in the dreaming state, in the heart in the sleeping state and at the top of the head in the turiya state.

However, this doesn't mean that the jiva exists only in those locations in the four states. It means the jiva primarily resides at those locations during the corresponding states and from there it pervades the whole body. For example, the jiva dwells between the eyebrows in the waking state and from there pervades the whole body (tatra bhrūmadhyaṃ gato jīva āpādamastakaṃ vyāpya - Paingala Up.) like light pervades all the room irrespective of where the bulb is located.

These are the four states of consciousness that exist as they are and a jiva experiences them one after another in a cyclic manner. Just like a person experiences the changing seasons around him, he experiences the first three states almost daily cyclically. But to experience the turiya state a jiva has to raise his consciousness in the waking state, the only state where any action is possible.

Like to perceive and experience things external and internal organs are required, to perceive these states the mind is required. So these states of consciousness occur in the mind of a jiva. These states are nothing but reflections of different states of consciousness on the mind. So the Paingala Upanishad says:

antaḥkaraṇapratibimbitacaitanyaṃ yattadevāvasthātrayabhāgbhavati
- Consciousness being reflected on the antahkarana becomes the three states.

When the consciousness reflected is of the waking state the jiva perceives the world and other worlds through senses organs and also through buddhi, chitta, ahankara. But when it is of the sleeping state only chitta is functioning and all other organs at rest. And in the turiya state there is experience of only one consciousness and nothing else.

Regarding the location of the jiva in the body during these states the Brahma Upanishad sayas:

netrasthaṃ jāgrataṃ vidyātkaṇṭhe svapnaṃ vinirdiṣet
suṣuptaṃ hṛdayasthaṃ tu turīyaṃ mūrdhni saṃsthitam

Meaning
Know that in the waking state the jiva is situated in the eye, in the throat in the dreaming state, in the heart in the sleeping state and at the top of the head in the turiya state.

However, this doesn't mean that the jiva exists only in those locations in the four states. It means the jiva primarily resides at those locations during the corresponding states and from there it pervades the whole body. For example, the jiva dwells between the eyebrows in the waking state and from there pervades the whole body (tatra bhrūmadhyaṃ gato jīva āpādamastakaṃ vyāpya) like light pervades all the room irrespective of where the bulb is located.

These are the four states of consciousness that exist as they are and a jiva experiences them one after another in a cyclic manner. Just like a person experiences the changing seasons around him, he experiences the first three states almost daily cyclically. But to experience the turiya state a jiva has to raise his consciousness in the waking state, the only state where any action is possible.

Like to perceive and experience things external and internal organs are required, to perceive these states the mind is required. So these states of consciousness occur in the mind of a jiva. These states are nothing but reflections of different states of consciousness on the mind. So the Paingala Upanishad says:

antaḥkaraṇapratibimbitacaitanyaṃ yattadevāvasthātrayabhāgbhavati
- Consciousness being reflected on the antahkarana becomes the three states.

When the consciousness reflected is of the waking state the jiva perceives the world and other worlds through senses organs and also through buddhi, chitta, ahankara. But when it is of the sleeping state only chitta is functioning and all other organs at rest. And in the turiya state there is experience of only one consciousness and nothing else.

Regarding the location of the jiva in the body during these states the Brahma Upanishad sayas:

netrasthaṃ jāgrataṃ vidyātkaṇṭhe svapnaṃ vinirdiṣet
suṣuptaṃ hṛdayasthaṃ tu turīyaṃ mūrdhni saṃsthitam

Meaning
Know that in the waking state the jiva is situated in the eye, in the throat in the dreaming state, in the heart in the sleeping state and at the top of the head in the turiya state.

However, this doesn't mean that the jiva exists only in those locations in the four states. It means the jiva primarily resides at those locations during the corresponding states and from there it pervades the whole body. For example, the jiva dwells between the eyebrows in the waking state and from there pervades the whole body (tatra bhrūmadhyaṃ gato jīva āpādamastakaṃ vyāpya - Paingala Up.) like light pervades all the room irrespective of where the bulb is located.

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source | link

These are the four states of consciousness that exist as they are and a jiva experiences them one after another in a cyclic manner. Just like a person experiences the changing seasons around him, he experiences the first three states almost daily cyclically. But to experience the turiya state a jiva has to raise his consciousness in the waking state, the only state where any action is possible.

Like to perceive and experience things external and internal organs are required, to perceive these states the mind is required. So these states of consciousness occur in the mind of a jiva. These states are nothing but reflections of different states of consciousness on the mind. So the Paingala Upanishad says:

antaḥkaraṇapratibimbitacaitanyaṃ yattadevāvasthātrayabhāgbhavati
- Consciousness being reflected on the antahkarana becomes the three states.

When the consciousness reflected is of the waking state the jiva perceives the world and other worlds through senses organs and also through buddhi, chitta, ahankara. But when it is of the sleeping state only chitta is functioning and all other organs at rest. And in the turiya state there is experience of only one consciousness and nothing else.

Regarding the location of the jiva in the body during these states the Brahma Upanishad sayas:

netrasthaṃ jāgrataṃ vidyātkaṇṭhe svapnaṃ vinirdiṣet
suṣuptaṃ hṛdayasthaṃ tu turīyaṃ mūrdhni saṃsthitam

Meaning
Know that in the waking state the jiva is situated in the eye, in the throat in the dreaming state, in the heart in the sleeping state and at the top of the head in the turiya state.

However, this doesn't mean that the jiva exists only in those locations in the four states. It means the jiva primarily resides at those locations during the corresponding states and from there it pervades the whole body. For example, the jiva dwells between the eyebrows in the waking state and from there pervades the whole body (tatra bhrūmadhyaṃ gato jīva āpādamastakaṃ vyāpya) like light pervades all the room irrespective of where the bulb is located.