The story of the descent of Ganga is very well known. King Sagara's 60,000 sons were burnt to ashes by their own sin of insulting Lord Kapila, and to offer redemption to them, their nephew's grandson Bhagiratha brought down the Ganga to the earth.

But my question is more fundamental. How come Sagara had 60,000 children with Sumati (even though she was Garuda's sister she couldn't have had such magical powers)? And that too when his other wife Keshini had only one son Asamanjasa?

  • @sv. Well, Kapila is an avatara of Vishnu, so just like we say Lord Rama, Lord Krsna, I said Lord Kapila.
    – Surya
    Commented Jan 15, 2016 at 17:17
  • @sv. The story of Kapila is told in the last ten or so chapters of third Skanda (canto) of the Srimad Bhagavatam: vedabase.com/en/sb/3 Also, you may be interested in this fictional dialogue I wrote: docs.google.com/document/d/… It explores the question of why Kapila would invent a philosophy that doesn't acknowledge the existence of a supreme being, when Kapila himself was an incarnation of Vishnu. Commented Jan 15, 2016 at 23:15
  • @Keshav I do not know what you meant by ''doesn't acknowledge the existence of a supreme being.'' Throughout those chapters in the Bhagavatam he connects all his teachings to Bhagavan and Bhakti. Then how do you make this statement?
    – Surya
    Commented Jan 16, 2016 at 2:11
  • @Surya Yeah, it's true that Kapila's teachings in the Srimad Bhagavatam are heavily Bhakti-laden, but historically the Samkhya school didn't believe in Bhakti or a supreme being. They just believed that there was a bunch of different Purushas or souls, and then there was Prakriti or matter/energy. They didn't believe in a notion of Ishwara. The Yoga school of Patanjali, by the way, accepted the basic Samkhya worldview, but it also accepted the existence of one very special Purusha, known as Ishwara. Commented Jan 16, 2016 at 2:44
  • @Surya By the way, see the Brahma Sutras for Vyasa's refutation of Samkhya: advaita.it/library/brahmasutras2.htm (Just do ctrl F for all the instances of the word "pradhana".) In any case, Prabhupada reconciles Kapila's Bhakti-centric teachings in the Bhagavatam with the fact that the Samkhya school was atheistic by saying that there were two different Kapilas! He claims that Vishnu's incarnation Kapila propounded a Bhakti-centric Samkhya system, but then some later "evil" guy named Kapila invented an atheistic Samkhya system. I don't buy it though. Commented Jan 16, 2016 at 2:51

2 Answers 2


King Sagara who being childless propitiated the saint Bhrigu by penances extending over a hundred years. The saint, pleased with Sāgara's worship said that from one wife of his, he will have a son from whom his heir and maintainer of lineage and from other, 60,000 sons will be born, but he didn't specify who among Kesini or Sumati will get what.

Later, in Ramayana (XXXIX), Viswamitra says to Rama:

Then Sumati, the younger, gave

Birth to a gourd, O hero brave,

Whose rind, when burst and cleft in two,

Gave sixty thousand babes to view.

All these with care the nurses laid

In jars of oil; and there they stayed,

Till, youthful age and strength complete,

Forth speeding from each dark retreat,

All peers in valour, years, and might,

The sixty thousand came to light.

It's clear that Sumati didn't give birth to 60,000 sons through natural process. As it happened with Gandhari, Sumati's sons had a miraculous birth.

  • +1. Interesting question. I think the children can't logically be born by the natural process, that's why called maansas putra.
    – ABcDexter
    Commented Jan 16, 2016 at 13:11
  • @ABcDexter They weren't born through ordinary means, but they weren't Manas Putras either, they were born in a manner analogous to how the Kauravas were born, which I discuss in my answer here: hinduism.stackexchange.com/a/3282/36 Commented Jan 16, 2016 at 15:29
  • Quite poetic translation Commented May 19, 2016 at 14:33

As discussed here in Vishnu Purana about Sagara's 60000 sons.

SUMATI the daughter of Kaśyapa, and Kesiní the daughter of Rája Viderbha, were the two wives of Sagara 1. Being without progeny, the king solicited the aid of the sage Aurva with great earnestness, and the Muni pronounced this boon, that one wife should bear one son, the upholder of his race, and the other should give birth to sixty thousand sons; and he left it to them to make their election. Kesiní chose to have the single son; Sumati the multitude: and it came to pass in a short time that the former bore Asamanjas 2, a prince through whom the dynasty continued; and the daughter of Vinatá (Sumati) had sixty thousand sons.

From Another Source

According to history of Ramayan, Ikshvaku dynasty’s king Sagar had two queens – Keshini and Sumati. After remaining childless for several years, King and both Queens went to Himalay to perform strict penance and abide by the Vedic rituals of obtaining child through unborn process. Maharishi Bhrigu blessed them that Sumati will give birth to 60,000 haughty sons and Keshini will give birth to a son whose son will continue the lineage. As years passed, Sumati gave birth to pumpkin sized Garbh pind. Raja Sagar was not amused, he was about to throw it away, he heard Akashvani that “the Garbh Pind has 60,000 fertile seeds. You need to keep each seed in a ghee filled 60,000 separate pots.” Raja Sagar obeyed the Akashvani thanking Bhagwan Shiv for his blessings. In due period, the pots gave birth to 60,000 sons of Sumati. Later King Sagar thought of performing Ashwamedh Yagya, he asked all his 60,000 sons to protect the horse and make the Yagya successful. While that Ashwamedh horse is being moved around provinces it reached the south-easterly zone, and at seashore Indra abducted that horse and hid it underneath the earth. Raja Sagar then ordered his escorting sons that horse to dig up that place to locate the ritual horse. Then those princes unremittingly dug the place to oceanic depths until they reached Shrihari reposing there in the form of Sage Kapil. When the 60,000 sons found the horse at Kapil dev’s ashram, they thought he had stolen it. When they prepared to attack the meditating rishi, Kapil opened his eyes, fire emanated, and they were immediately burned to ashes.

  • 1
    Conflicting stories. First story says sage Aurva granted the boon to King Sagara and the second says Bhrigu. The latter one is from Ramayana. Commented Feb 8, 2016 at 20:26
  • @sv hinduism is littered with conflicting stories.
    – Wikash_
    Commented May 10, 2019 at 17:44

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .