I'm doing some research on "wisdom" and "ignorance" themes through religions and cultures. I recently made an approach on Plato's Socratian point of view about wisdom and piety.

  1. Are there some guidelines in Hinduism on how to achieve wisdom?
  2. And, which verses could help me in understanding the conception of "wisdom" in Hinduism?
  • Bhagwad Gita is the foremost book. Ramayana will also help you understand aspects of human relations and dignity.
    – Develpr
    Jan 21 '16 at 21:13
  • You want to know what Wisdom is? Or how to achieve it?
    – Sai
    Jan 21 '16 at 21:44
  • By 'wisdom', do you mean 'dharma?' Jan 21 '16 at 23:04
  • @sv. There are many translations of Dharma, including religion, duty, righteousness, but it certainly doesn't mean wisdom. Being a good man and being a wise man are certainly related notions, but they aren't synonymous. A literal translation of the word wisdom into Sanskrit would be Viveka. But in the context of wisdom literatures from around the world, a more comparable notion would be Jnana. Jan 22 '16 at 1:49
  • @KeshavSrinivasan, when I tried looking up what could OP possibly mean by "Plato's wisdom", the couple of hits I found talked about Plato's "ethics/virtues". ("…the greatest good for a man [is] to discuss virtue [excellence] every day..."). Ethics/Virtues/Morality is more closely related to dharma in Hinduism than viveka/Jnana/knowledge/truth. Hence, the reason for my earlier comment. Jan 22 '16 at 5:20

Wisdom is the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense, and insight.

You can use the word "Enlightenment" instead of Wisdom.

Apart from Epic books you can refer many Saints and yogi words and their Books of them and their followers

I suggest you some links for your reference







You might read through this lecture by Vidura on the wisdom of a wise man.

He that is not deviated from the high ends of life by the aid of self-knowledge, exertion, forbearance and steadiness in virtue, is called wise. These again are the marks of a wise man, viz, adherence to acts, worthy of praise and rejection of what is blameable, faith and reverence. He whom neither anger nor joy, nor pride, nor false modesty, nor stupefaction, nor vanity, can draw away from the high ends of life, is considered as wise. He whose intended acts, and proposed counsels remain concealed from foes, and whose acts become known only after they have been done, is considered as wise. He whose proposed actions are never obstructed by heat or cold, fear of attachment, prosperity or adversity, is considered as wise. He whose judgment dissociated from desire, followeth both virtue and profit, and who disregarding pleasure chooseth such ends as are serviceable in both worlds, is considered wise. They that exert to the best of their might and act also to the best of their might, and disregard nothing so insignificant, are called wise. He that understandeth quickly, listeneth patiently, pursueth his objects with judgment and not from desire and spendeth not his breath on the affairs of others without being asked, is said to possess the foremost mark of wisdom. They that do not strive for objects that are unattainable, that do not grieve for what is lost and gone, that do not suffer their minds to be clouded amid calamities, are regarded to possess intellects endued with wisdom.

[Mahabharata Udyoga Parva, Section 33]

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