In Hanuman Chalisa, it is said:

जुग सहस्र जोजन पर भानू। लील्यो ताहि मधुर फल जानू॥ १८ ॥


The Sun is at thousand yojanas(a unit of measurement of distance), and thought of it as a sweet fruit.

As per calculations,

1 Yug      = 12000 years  
1 Sahastra = 1000  
1 Yojan    = 8 Miles  

Yug x Sahastra x Yojan = par Bhanu  
12000 x 1000 x 8 miles = 96000000 miles

1 mile = 1.6kms  

96000000 miles = 96000000 x 1.6kms = 1536000000 kms to Sun

NASA has said that, the above is the exact distance between Earth and Sun(during the Aphelion).

Does this prove that our ancestors calculated the distance between Earth and Sun centuries before scientists did it?

  • 2
    Debunked: skeptics.stackexchange.com/questions/32499/…
    – Notty
    Apr 13 '16 at 18:07
  • 1
    @Rickross I suggest you post the 'truth' as answer both here and in skeptics if possible.
    – Notty
    Apr 14 '16 at 5:44
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    @Wally That is not debunking but BS, viewpoint of a so called skeptic who thinks he's speaking science but know neither Science nor Sanskrit!
    – ABcDexter
    Jul 19 '16 at 21:29
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    Look, being skeptical never means that you defy history, and it's because of the philosophy of religion that we(as in human beings) have had, which makes us logical enough to question. So, it's not good to not have an open mind, also being Scientific in approach doesn't imply that you or anyone start attacking any religion!
    – ABcDexter
    Jul 20 '16 at 6:49
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    No. How did they convert yojana and yuga to modern metric system. There is no where in Hindu scripture where it says a Yojana is 8 miles. It's pure algebra by modern Hindu preachers
    – Gap
    Apr 29 '17 at 22:40

Interesting Facts & Fascinating Story of Hanuman Chalisa!

Hanuman Chalisa has 40 Chaupais (Chalis=40 in Hindi) on Hanuman is a devotional hymn dedicated to Bajrang Bali by the Great Indian poet, philosopher and saint Shri Goswami Tulsidas. Born in the 16th century, Tulsidas authored Hanuman Chalisa in Awadhi language when he was quite young.

Hanuman Chalisa Tells Us The Distance Between Earth & Sun

When Hanuman was very young, he flew from Earth to the sky in the direction of the Sun to eat it, assuming it to be a ripe, luscious fruit. Tulsidas while stating this incident in the chalisa in simple languages gives the distance between Earth and the Sun.

The Line is –

“जुग सहस्र जोजन पर भानू। लील्यो ताहि मधुर फल जानू॥ १८ ॥”


Sun is at the distance of sahastra(thousand) yojan(an anstonomical unit of distance).

After certain intellectuals decoded this famous line of Hanuman Chalisa by Tulsidas they could find the distance of Earth, they found that tt is exactly the same as that discovered by scientist later.

In the year 1653, astronomer Christian Huygens with his guesswork estimated the distance from earth to the sun.

Now let’s see what the intellectuals (Garjajev’s Research Group) got after decoding the lines:

1 Yuga is 12000 years
1 Sahastra is 1000.
1 Yojan is 8 miles


Yuga Shastra Yojan par Bhanu means

12000 X 1000 X 8 = 96000000 miles
and 1 mile is 1.6 km
So, 96000000 X 1.6 = 1536000000 km

This is the exact round figure distance of earth from Sun on 3rd July because studies mention the distance of 152,093,481 km from earth to sun during the aphelion (The period when earth is farthest from the Sun). This is very close to the current figure by NASA.

  • 4
    How year * miles = miles ? What is per Bhanu? FYI, i'm not against Tulsidas or Hanuman but want to know the exact truth. But fact is Ancient India was more advanced than entire world due to words of infallible Vedas.
    – The Destroyer
    Jul 19 '16 at 14:46
  • 1
    Welcome to Hinduism.SE. Please try to provide links for your research :)
    – ABcDexter
    Jul 19 '16 at 20:47
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    @TheDestroyer, 'par bhanu पर भानु' could be translated as 'sun is at'. Even though the dimensionality problem remains. Jul 20 '16 at 10:22

Does this prove that our ancestors calculated the distance between Earth and Sun centuries before scientists did it?

No, it doesn't prove anything. This blog post does a good job of explaining how that verse from the Hanuman Chalisa is grossly misinterpreted.

There are many ways to scientifically interpret that verse as shown below and yet you'll find a lot of people conveniently interpreting the verse in only one way (12000 x 1000 x 8).

|                       Terms                       |            Product            |
+-----------------+-----------------+---------------+                               +
| युग (Yuga)       | सहस्र (Sahasra)  | योजन (Yojana) |                               |
|                 |                 |               |                               |
| 12,000 years    |    1,000        | 5 miles       | 60,000,000 mile years         |
|                 |                 | 8 miles       | 96,000,000 mile years         |
|                 |                 | 4000 miles    | 48,000,000,000 mile years     |
|                 |                 |               |                               |
|                 |                 |               |                               |
|                 |                 |               |                               |
| 4,320,000 years |    1,000        | 5 miles       | 21,600,000,000 mile years     |
|                 |                 | 8 miles       | 34,560,000,000 mile years     |
|                 |                 | 4000 miles    | 17,280,000,000,000 mile years |

And that skewed interpretation is similar to claiming that before it was discovered, the value of π (3.14159265358979323846) was first encoded in this rhyme:

Sir, I have a rhyme excelling,
In mystic power and magic spelling,
Celestial spirits elucidate,
For my own problems can't relate.

Other References:
  Yojana - Variations on length (1 Yojana = 5 or 8 miles)
  Jain Universe (1 Yojana = 4.5 or 9 miles)
  Buddhist Philosophy from 350 to 600 A.D. (1 Yojana = 4000 miles)

  • 2
    This is a page from link under similar question in skeptics.SE. You quote from a page which says Hanuman chalisa Bulls**t? That guy's words are offensive. Apr 28 '17 at 3:10
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    Hmm..but Sayana knew speed of light before Westerners. Probably, Sayana knew it from Vedas.
    – The Destroyer
    Apr 28 '17 at 4:41
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    @sv. So, you think Sayana gave wrong value, if we assume Yojana is 4.5 miles? Obviously, Science is still trying to find out what is consciousness, but Vedas and our scriptures describe it in great deal. It depends on how you interpret it. There is no narrow thinking here. Vedas are source for everything and infallible truths (to which many may disagree but their opinions don't belittle them at all). What not doesn't contain in vedas when they are source for everything? However, we need to consider many factors now to judge vedas.
    – The Destroyer
    Apr 28 '17 at 17:00
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    @sv. Sayana might have known it from lost Samhita of Veda. It need not be some Astronomer. Also, it clearly says Vishnu Purana mentions Yojana is 9.09 miles. Well, as i said, you need to consider many historical factors to believe my words. Every Darshana in Hinduism had their books taking essence from Vedas. We can't even trace some of (most of) their words to Veda. It's worth to mention only 1% of Shakhas of Vedas are available now.
    – The Destroyer
    Apr 28 '17 at 17:17
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    @sv What do u mean by Purana is not a scientific text. It's a literature. It's a Shastra or scripture not a literature. And scriptures do contain a whole lot of truths.
    – Rickross
    Apr 29 '17 at 5:25

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