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According to the Saraswati Ashtottara Shata Namavali(108 names of Saraswati) found here ,one name of the Goddess is Shivanuja(9th name in the list) which means "One who is the younger sibling of Shiva"

शिवानुजा Shivanuja ॐ शिवानुजायै नमः। Om Shivanujayai Namah। The Goddess Who is the Younger Sibling of Shiva

What can be the possible explanations behind this name (because we usually don't consider Goddess Saraswati as Lord Shiva's sister)?

  • Pair of Siblings are "Shiva and Saraswati, Parvati and Vishnu and Brahma and Lakshmi". Brahmavaivarta Purana says Kali and Krishna were born from same seed. I do not scriptural sources for others. – The Destroyer Mar 5 '16 at 7:17
  • Well, Shiva and Saraswati are both children of Brahma. And Shiva's incarnation Ishana and Saraswati's incarnation Vishwarupa the cow were also siblings; see my answer here: hinduism.stackexchange.com/a/6794/36 – Keshav Srinivasan Mar 5 '16 at 7:32
  • @AnilKumar Where does the Brahmavaivarta Purana mention Kali and Krishna being born from the same seed? I'm surprised that it says Krishna was born at all, considering that it envisions Krishna as the supreme being and is one of the main sources of the Gaudiya Vaishnava worldview. – Keshav Srinivasan Mar 5 '16 at 7:34
  • @KeshavSrinivasan I read this from wiki. I don't remember now. Will post here if i find. – The Destroyer Mar 5 '16 at 7:40
  • I have also read somewhere that Krishna(Vishnu) & Parvati are the same "Tatva".That is why we see the Manmatha Beeja(Klim) being present in almost all the Devi Mantras.One specific example being the famous "..Chamundayai Vicce" Mantra from the Atharva Veda. – Rickross Mar 5 '16 at 7:53
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In the Devi Mahatmya - The Murti Rahasya khanda describes that Adi Shakti has three main murtis:

  • Mahalakshmi or Sattvic Shakti with 18 arms
  • Mahasaraswati or Rajasic Shakti with 8 arms and
  • Mahakali with 10 arms who represents Tamasic Shakti.

From Mahalakshmi there came Brahma and Lakshmi both with golden complexion. From Mahasaraswati there came Shiva and Saraswati who were white in complexion. Mahakali split into Vishnu and Kali with dark complexion. Thus Brahma and Lakshmi are siblings, Shiva and Saraswati are siblings so are Vishnu and Kali. Now these sibling pairs married in between like Brahma was paired with Saraswati, Vishnu was paired with Lakshmi and Kali was selected for Shankara.

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    Welcome To Hinduism SE! Please provide link pointing to the sources "Devi Mahatmya" as mentioned in answer. – SwiftPushkar Oct 2 '16 at 6:30
  • Thanks for ur answer.Bit late to respond.In the time between when i asked the Q and now i found many Puranic stories describing Rudra and Saraswati as siblings. – Rickross Nov 1 '16 at 12:41

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