4

As far as I know the Gayatri mantra appears in Rig Veda 3.62.10:

Om Bhur Buvaha Svaha

Tat Savithur Varenyam

Bhargo Devasya Dheemahi

Dhiyo Yonaha Prachodayath

But in some books and on the Internet, I've also seen a longer version. For example, the longer version is found on this page as:

Om Bhuh

Om Bhuvaha

Om Suvaha

Om Mahaha

Om Janaha

Om Tapaha

Om Satyam

Om Tat Savithur Varenyam Bhargo Devasya Dheemahi Dhiyo Yonah Prachodayath

Om apo jyotih raso amritam Brahma

Bhur Bhuvas suvar Om

What is the origin of this longer version? Does it appear in the Rig Veda?

  • The longer version is used while doing Pranayama before starting a Puja or a Sandhyavandanam or for that matter any Vedic Ritual. – Rickross Mar 8 '16 at 4:34
  • The longer version is aptly called as dheerga gayathri. It consists of pranavam, sapta vyahruthi and gayathri. – Narayanan Mar 18 '16 at 6:45
2

The Origin of Long Version of Gayatri Mantra is from Taitteriya Aranyaka of Yajurveda in 10.35.1

[[10-35-1]]
ojo'si saho'si balamasi bhrÀjo'si devÀnÀÎ dhÀmanÀmÀ'si viÌvamasi
viÌvÀyussarvamasi sarvÀyurabhibhÂroÎ gÀyatrÁmÀvÀhayÀmi savitrÁmÀvÀhayÀmi
sarasvatÁmÀvÀhayÀmi chandarÍÁnÀvÀhayÀmi ÌriyamÀvÀhayÀmi gÀyatriyÀ
gÀyatrÁcchando viÌvÀmitra ÃÍissavitÀ devatÀ'gnirmukhaÎ brahmÀ Ìiro
viÍÉurhÃdayaÙrudraÌÌikhÀ pÃthivÁ yoniÏ prÀÉÀpÀnavyÀnodÀnasamÀnÀ saprÀÉÀ
ÌvetavarÉÀ sÀÎkhyÀyanasagotrÀ gÀyatrÁ caturviÙÌatyakÍarÀ tripadÀ ÍaÊakukÍiÏ
paÈcaÌÁrÍopanayane viniyogaÏ |
om bhu |
om bhuvaÏ |
om suvaÏ |
on mahaÏ |
om janaÏ |
om tapaÏ ||
om satyam |
om tathsaviturvareÉyaÎ bhargo devasya dhÁmahi |
dhiyo yo naÏ pracodayÀt |
omÀpo jyotÁ raso'mÃtaÎ brahma bhÂrbhuvassuvarom |

Gayatri Long Form

One can see the long form of Gayatri above in the image above in 10-35-1

1

Here is a complete mention of Gayatri Mantra in Padmapurana

In Padmapurana Brahma detailed each relevant Deity in respect of each of the Twenty Four Letters of the Gayatri Mantra as follows: Agni, Vayu, Surya, Viyat (Akash),Yamaraja, Varun, Brihaspati, Parjanya, Indra, Gandharva, Pusha, Mitra, Twashta, Vasu, Marudganas, Soma, Angira, Vishwa Deva, Ashvini Kumars, Pragapati, Sampurna Devata, Rudra, Brahma and Shri Vishnu. The letter-to-letter seriatum of Deities represented in the Gayatri Mantra thus provided the ‘Vangmaya’/ ‘Vani Vishaya’ or the cross-referencing of the Letter-Deity implication. As regards the ‘Nyasa’ of the Aksharas of the Gayatri Mantra versus Body Limbs, the explanation is as follows: ‘Tat’-touch the thumbs of the feet; ‘Sa’-Gulpha (ankles); ‘Vi’-the two pindaliyas (calves); ‘thu’-ghutnas (Knees); ‘Var’-jangha (lap); ‘Re’-Terminal Part; ‘Nya’- ‘Andakosha; ‘M’-‘Kati bhagas’( thighs); ‘Bha’-Nabhi Mandala; ‘orgo’-Udaram; ‘Dey’-both the breasts; ‘Va’- Hridaya; ‘Sya’-both the hands; ‘Dhee’-face; ‘Ma’-taalu; ‘hi’-top of Nasika( nose); ‘Dhi’-both the eyes; ‘Yo’- both bahus (hands); ‘Yo’- Lalaat; ‘Nah’-Muhka’s Purvabhaaga; ‘Pra’-‘Dakshna bhaag; ‘Cho’-Paschima bhaaga; ‘da’-Mukha’s Uttara Bhaga; ‘Yaat’-Mastak (head). By performing the Nyasa as above, all the ‘Aksharas’or the Letters are thus aligned to Brahma-Vishnu and Maheswara.

Another kind of Nyasa for the Sandhya-Kaalas is as follows:

Om Bhuriti Hridaye

Om Bhuvah Shirasi

Om Swaha Shikhayai Om

Tatsaviuvarenyamithi Kalebarey

Bhargo Devasya Dhimahi Netrayoh Om

Dhiyoyonaha prachodayaatiti Karayoh

Om Apo jyotee rasomritam Brahma

Bhurbhuvah swarom

The above Vyahruti and Twelve Omkaaraas along with Gayatri Mantra be performed at Sandhya Timings while touching water (Jala sparsha) followed by Pranayama Kriya thrice; then should follow the Gayatri Mantra Japa for as many times as possible. Then should follow ‘Punah-Nyasa’ or Repeat Nyasa as follows: Om Bhuh Padaabhyaam and touch the feet; Om Bhuvah Jaanubhyaam and touch both ‘ghutane’ (knees); Om Swahah Katyaam and touch kati bhaaga’ (thighs); Om Mahah Naabhou and touch Nabhistaan (navel); Om Janah Hridaye and touch Hridaya; Om Tapah Karaye and touch both the hands; Om Satyam and touch Lalaatey (Forehead) and finally recite the entire Mantra and touch the Shikha (tuft).

1

The longer version of the Gayatri Mantra mentioned in the question is found in the Navagraha Sooktam, the Vedic Hymn to the 9 planetary deities.

Navagraha Sooktam v1

1 || navagrahasooktam || om shuklaambara dharam vishNum shashi varNam chatur bhujam | prasanna vadanam dhyaayet sarva vighna upashaantayay ||

om bhoo: om bhuva: om suva: om maha: om jana: om tapa: om satyam | om tatsa vi turvareNyam bhargo devasya dheemahi | dhiyo yona : prachodayaat | om aapo jyoteeraso am rutam brahma bhoor bhuva: suvarom ||

Although I'm not quite sure where exactly this Sukta appears, in Rig Veda or in Atharva Veda.

I'm adding a second source.There is a procedure of doing Sandhyavandanam mentioned in the Narada Purana.The "long" Gayatri Mantra appears there among the Pranayama Mantras.

enter image description here

  • The following page lists "Navagraha Mantraha" as one of the Suktams being found in the Rig Veda.In my view Navagraha Suktam is just the same.sanskritdocuments.org/doc_veda/suktalst.html – Rickross Mar 8 '16 at 6:40
  • The Rigeveda(RV) Taittiriya Samhita(TS) & Atharva Veda(AV) are the sources for the verses found in the Navagraha suktam.Checked from the collection that i have.To be specific-RV 1.35.2,TS 3.4.11.2a,RV 1.12.1,TS 2.5.8.5,RV 1.22.15,TS 1;5;5c, RV 4.57.1,AV 1.6.2,RV 1.164.41,AV 9.10.21 etc. – Rickross Mar 9 '16 at 6:22
  • Where in Narada Purana it is mentioned. – user9554 Oct 6 '17 at 12:42
  • @Ajay Just like the Devi Bhagavatam has the details of how to do Sandhyavandanam. the Narada Purana also has them. I am not sure though whether i can tell you where exactly in NP they are found. I will check the PDF from which the screenshot is taken. – Rickross Oct 6 '17 at 16:02
  • I can search myself, I have Narada Purana – user9554 Oct 6 '17 at 16:03

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