6

Though I don't know much about hindu Mythology , I know that Bhagavan Vishnu takes avatars to destroy evils. When I was reading Lord Vishnu's stories. I came to know that varaha avatara was taken by Lord in order to destroy Hiranyakashyapu's his brother Hiranyaksha who abducted earth to pathal loka. Vishnu as a boar went to pathal lok, destroyed the asura and brought back the earth.
Now another version is, When Vishnu and Brahma were fighting between themselves in order to find out who is the Supreme God. Then Lord Shiva appeared and put a challenge to them. The first one to see my feet or the top of my head would be the bigger diety. Both Vishnu and Brahma accepted. Shiva started to grow both upwards/downwards. Vishnu takes varaha (boar) form and stared digging deep to see the feet of Shiva. Brahma takes form of a swan and started to flying towards Shiva's head. Both failed and accepted Shiva as the bigger deity.

Now my question is Why Vishnu took varaha avatar ? To destroy evil ? Or to try to see Shiva's feet ?

  • 2
    Vishnu has had a whole bunch of different Varaha incarnations: there's Adi Varaha, Shweta Varaha, Yagna Varaha, there's the Varaha incarnation at Kokamukha which resulted in the birth of Narakasura (as I discuss here), etc. – Keshav Srinivasan Mar 12 '16 at 17:13
  • So I guess both versions of the varaha avatar story are correct ?? – Tiny Rick Mar 12 '16 at 17:23
  • Well, there are some issues with the Shiva Purana's version of the story, as I discuss here: hinduism.stackexchange.com/a/267/36 But basically yeah, a whole bunch of different stories about Varaha are all correct. – Keshav Srinivasan Mar 12 '16 at 17:53
  • By the way, in my question here I discuss yet another famous story involving Varaha: hinduism.stackexchange.com/q/5240/36 – Keshav Srinivasan Mar 12 '16 at 17:56
  • The varaha avatar you mentioned here was not intended to kill Hiranyakashyapu it was to kill Hiranyaksha (brother of Hiranyakashyap). Hiranyakashyap was later killed by Shri hari in the form of Lord Narsimha. – Yogi Mar 15 '16 at 18:23
6

Lord Vishnu has taken Varaha Avatar infinite times, if we consider cyclic nature of time, as many events repeat at regular intervals (may vary slightly sometimes). So, both stories are correct.

Lord Vishnu took Sweta Varaha (White Boar) incarnation at beginning of this Kalpa (hence the name Sweta Varaha Kalpa) to recover earth hidden in water and also to kill Hiranyâksha. This is how Srimad Bhagavatam describes this.

dvitiyam tu bhavayasya
rasatala-gatam mahim
uddharisyann upadatta
yajnesah saukaram vapuh

The Creator said: 'When the Lord as the Unlimited One within the universe for His pastimes assumed the form of the sum total of all sacrifices [as the boar avatâra Varâha], He was determined to lift the earth out of the great [Garbhodaka] ocean. In the ocean the first demon [called Hiranyâksha, the 'demon of the gold'] appeared who by Him was defeated with His tusk, like a thunderbolt piercing a pack of clouds.

In Chapter 15 Rudra Samhita (Sristi Khanda) of Shiva Mahapurana, Brahma explains the reason why Vishnu took Boar Avatar to find bottom of infinite Linga.

गमनेऽधो वराहस्य गतिर्भवति निश्चला।। धृतं वाराष्हरूपं हि विष्णुना वनचारिणा॥१४॥

A boar can steadily go down deep below, therefore lord Visnu took to the form of a wild boar.

अथवा भवकल्पार्थ तदूपं हि प्रकल्पितम्। विष्णुना च वराहस्य भुवनावनकारिणा॥ १५॥

Or in other words Visnu took to the form of a white boar in order to start sveta-Varahakalpa.

यद्दिनं हि समारभ्य तद्रूपं धृतवान्हरिः। तद्दिनं प्रति कल्पोऽसौ कल्पो वाराहसंज्ञकः॥ १६॥

The date from which Hari took to this form, Varaha-kalpa started from that time.

तदिच्छा वा यदा जाता तस्य रूपस्य धारणे। तद्दिनं प्रति कल्पोऽसौ कल्पो वाराहसञ्ज्ञकः॥ १७॥

When he first desired to take to that Varaha form, since that time in every (Maha)kalpa, the Varaha-kalpa was repeated.

Shiva Purana doesn't mention exactly when Lingodbhava occured. It might have happened in Sveta Kalpa as Shiva Purana mentions mainly events of Sveta kalpa. Lingodhbhava could have also happened during Agneya kalpa, as Linga Purana mentions mainly events of Agneya Kalpa, in addition to many other times.

So, both stories are true and these are just two Varaha Avatars among Vishnu's infinite Varaha Avatars.

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .