This wiki article says that the Chandogya Upanishad discusses the possible ways of biological origins of life.

What are these ways?

And, which Shloka talks about this?

  • When I first read your question, I thought it's about evolution. But then from your answer it seems more like a comment made from general observance of nature. I was hoping to see the answer to "Where did the egg come from?" :) May 13, 2016 at 17:08
  • @sv. Hahaa, you want to go into the chicken-egg thing? :P Just kidding. It is a question about evolution, although we take it for granted. To come up with the idea that there can be only 3 ways life can originate biologically is a great thing in itself. Also, Yoga Vashishtha does talk about evolution at a large scale. Maybe, I will write about it, if I can find the Shloka again. :) May 13, 2016 at 17:12
  • @sv. Found it! :) May 13, 2016 at 17:45

1 Answer 1


The Chandogya Upansihada says that there are three possible biological origins of life.

This is mentioned in the Shloka 6.3.1:

तेषां खल्वेषां भूतानां त्रीण्येव बीजानी भवन्त्याण्डजं जीवजमुद्भिज्जमिति ।। ६ । ३ । १ ।।

Translation of the Shloka, as found in Chandogya Upanishad - Translated by Ganganath Jha:

Verily, of these Beings there are only three origins - Born from Egg, Born from Living Being, and Born from Roots.

The word Beejam can refer to roots, seeds, grains etc., essentially talking about the plant kingdom.

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