The first ritu is celebrated in many cultures and also praised in the tantric literature. Various communities in different region celebrate this in a positive way. Its equivalent samskara for a boy is keshAnta/first shaving.
In many south Indian and East Indian states, the first menstruation of
the girl is celebrated by the family. It is known as ritushuddhi or
ritu kaala samskara.
Ritushuddhi is a Hindu samskara associated with a girl’s first
menstruation. Hindus in India tend to view first menstruation or
menarche, as a positive aspect of a girl's life. This samskara is
usually the 13th of hindu samskara. For boys, a similar samskara is
conducted which is called keshAnta samskAra (first shaving of the
This milestone in a girl's life is observed by her family and friends,
with gifts and her wearing a sari for the ritual.The rite of passage
is celebrated, in modern times, as a "half-saree party" where the
female relatives and friends of the girl gather, and she receives and
wears a half-saree and other gifts. Thereafter, at ceremonious events,
she wears the half-sarees, until her marriage when she puts on a full
In the state of Orissa, Menstruation and womanhood is celebrated every
year in a very grand manner as a four day fest across the state.
Raja or Raja Parba or Mithuna Sankranti is a three-day-long festival
and the second day signifies beginning of the solar month of Mithuna
from, which the season of rains starts. It inaugurates and welcomes
the agricultural year all over Odisha, which marks, through biological
symbolism, the moistening of the sun dried soil with the first showers
of the monsoon in mid-June thus making it ready for productivity
It is believed that the mother goddess Earth or the divine wife of
Lord Vishnu undergoes menstruation during the first three days. The
fourth day is called as Vasumati gadhua or ceremonial bath of Bhudevi.
The term Raja has come from Rajaswala (meaning a menstruating woman)
and during medieval period the festival became more popular as an
agricultural holiday remarking the worship of Bhudevi, who is the wife
of lord Jagannath. A silver idol of Bhudevi is still found in Puri
Temple aside Lord Jagannatha.
During the three days women are given a break from household work and
time to play indoor games. Girls decorate themselves with new fashion
or traditional Saree and Alatha in feet. All people abstain from
walking barefoot on earth. Generally various Pithas are made of which
Podopitha,and Chakuli Pitha are main. People play a lot of indoor and
outdoor games. Girls play swings tied on tree branches whereas aged
ladies play Cards and Ludo. Many villages organise Kabbadi matches
among young men. Apart from Indian culture, the first menses are also
celebrated in various cultures of the world such as: