Lord Vishnu holds a Disc (Chakra), Conch (Sankha), Komidi Gadha, and also holds other elements like a lotus in his hand.

Is there any explanation in scriptures of why Lord Vishnu holds these particular weapons?

  • 2
    You are asking very good questions, Jai Shri Hari :)
    – ABcDexter
    Commented Jun 1, 2016 at 16:54
  • Its symbolic, When softness (lotus) doesnt work, you use hard methods (weapons) Commented Jun 1, 2016 at 17:02
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    @ShreeKrishna Yes true, thats why I commented rather than posting an answer. Commented Jun 1, 2016 at 18:20
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    and I got some knowledge about conch from one of my architecture's friend , he said like the galaxy was created in shape of conch and in the architecture world, the diameter of conch as considered to make any things, like if you take the Coke bottle/ water bottle's mouth (upper part) diameter, they take Conch's diameter for create each and every things, I don't know whether this thing is right or wrong, but he told me like that even-thogh he is clever and very huge knowledge of Architecture. Commented Jun 1, 2016 at 18:26
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    Related: hinduism.stackexchange.com/questions/2609/…
    – pbvamsi
    Commented Jul 26, 2016 at 9:47

1 Answer 1


Lord Vishnu carries all the tattvas in the world in the form of his weapons. Each weapon and ornament is a symbolism for each tattva.

The symbolism and significance of them are described in 7 verses in Vishnu Purana Chapter 22:

The glorious Hari wears the pure soul of the world, undefiled, and void of qualities, as the Kaustubha gem. The chief principle of things (Pradhána) is seated on the eternal, as the Srivatsa mark. Intellect abides in Mádhava, in the form of his mace. The lord (Íśwara) supports egotism (Ahankára) in its twofold division, into elements and organs of sense, in the emblems of his conch-shell and his bow. In his hand Vishńu holds, in the form of his discus, the mind, whose thoughts (like the weapon) fly swifter than the winds. The necklace of the deity Vaijayantí, composed of five precious gems, is the aggregate of the five elemental rudiments. Janárddana bears, in his numerous shafts, the faculties both of action and of perception. The bright sword of Achyuta is holy wisdom, concealed at some seasons in the scabbard of ignorance. In this manner soul, nature, intellect, egotism, the elements, the senses, mind, ignorance, and wisdom, are all assembled in the person of Hrishikeśa. Hari, in a delusive form, embodies the shapeless elements of the world, as his weapons and his ornaments, for the salvation of mankind.

So, each weapon or ornament corresponds to a tattva.

  • Kaustubha Gem : Soul (Purusha)
  • Sri Vatsa mark : Pradhana Prakruti
  • Kaumodaki Mace : Intellect (Buddhi)
  • Sharga bow : Egotism (Tamasa Ahankára) of elements
  • Panchajanya conch : Egotism (Saatvika Ahankára) of sense organs
  • Sudarshana Chakra : The mind (manas).
  • Vaijayanti Mala : Five elements of rudiments (pancha bhoota)
  • Arrows : Sense organs
  • Nandaka sword : Knowledge (Gnana)
  • Sheath of the sword : Ignorance (Agnana)
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    Well explained !!! Commented Oct 30, 2017 at 7:42
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    which of these is Rajasika Ahamkara? Commented Dec 9, 2017 at 17:00
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    @SudarshanaSuri, rajasa ahamkara, in the 24 tattva categorization, just acts as an initiator, it is not subdivided into indriyas/tanmatras.
    – ram
    Commented Feb 25, 2019 at 20:51
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    Yes symbolic mean should interruptedd Gajenjendra is us one got in the crocodile pond of samsara only Sri Hari s grace will release this from crocodile he needs only our saranagathi sisupala is our ashuya on good things when in your field somebody your contemporary got credit for work means one should appreciate instead of critising Krishna chackra need in both case to cut asunder Sudharshan may mean vishnushasra nama by reciting on this we can cut all those
    – Prasanna R
    Commented Feb 26, 2019 at 6:59
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    I was saying should also be interrupted otherwise no scripture makes sense
    – Prasanna R
    Commented Feb 26, 2019 at 7:20

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