Gita 10.37 talks about Usanas or Acharya Shukra. Is Shukra to be considered a graha or a kavi in the Gita context? Some one told me that the implication of the Gita identifying Shukra only as Kavi and not as graha is that Vedanta does not accept the validity of Jyotish. Hence I asked the above question.

  • This may useful.
    – Pandya
    Commented Jun 18, 2016 at 3:51
  • sorry for my lack of knowledge in this topic, but I am confused with the Q's title and the body! I could not relate what you are asking in the body of question to Q's title. i get the Q you are asking in the body, but not the title of the Q :( Commented Jun 18, 2016 at 7:25
  • The title of your question is broader than the actual question (that is asked in the body of question)!
    – Pandya
    Commented Jun 18, 2016 at 8:00
  • 2
    Gita verse 10.37 is not speaking about astrology, but that emphatically does not mean that Vedanta rejects astrology. The two have nothing to do with each other. And in fact numerous Acharyas of the Vedanta school have written approvingly of Vedic astrology. Commented Jun 18, 2016 at 8:22
  • 1
    Jyotisha is one of the eight vedanga. I don't think any vedanta will reject jyotisha. Commented Jun 20, 2016 at 7:23

2 Answers 2


Does Vedanta accept the validity of Jyotish?

Of course, it does, for it being a Vedāṅga. Moreover, the famous Viśiśṭa Advaita Ācārya (a Vedantin) had written an astrological treatise that goes by the name of Bhāvartha Ratnākara. — also an instance of holistic erudition of ancient philosophers.


Here is the full BG 10.37 for quick analysis:

vrsninam vasudevo 'smi pandavanam dhananjayah muninam apy aham vyasah kavinam usana kavih

Let us first try to understand what is mean by kavih. I guess most of us use the word ‘Kavi’ for a poet. But it seems it has more deep meaning :

Kavis are those who are capable of thinking thoroughly on any subject matter.

And "thinking" usually associate with living beings. Hence, this hints us that in BG 10.37, a person is referred as a Kavi (one who can think thoroughly on any subject) and not Graha.

The vibhuti Usana mentioned in BG 10.37 have qualities such as intelligence, far-seeing

Uśanā was the spiritual master of the demons; he was extremely intelligent, far-seeing, political and spiritual in every way.

After checking 4 different translation and analysis, it further reinforces that, in BG 10.37,Shukra to be considered as kavi.

Hence, at least to me, it seems that in BG 10.37, Shukra to be considered as kavi.

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