From this news article:
When Pandit Venkatacharilu Samudrala first headed West 32 years ago, he wasn't steered by visions of the good life. In fact, Samudrala strongly resisted joining the newly built Pennsylvania Venkateswara (Balaji) Temple in Pittsburg.
"No one had gone abroad before me from Tirumala. Moreover, the agama sastra of Tirupati (temple law) prohibits any priest from re-entering the sanctum sanctorum if they cross the ocean. They can only distribute prasadam, chant, and partake in processions," says Samudrala, who was 25 at the time. Persuaded by his father, a priest at Tirupati, and his elders, he finally made the crossing on March 17, 1982, on an H-1 visa.
This article at hinduismtoday.com offers the following explanation.
The prohibition is clearly stated in several scriptures. The Baudhayana Sutra, one of the Hindu Dharma Shastras, says that "making voyages by sea" (II.1.2.2) is an offense which will cause pataniya, loss of caste. It offers a rather difficult penance: "They shall eat every fourth mealtime a little food, bathe at the time of the three libations (morning, noon and evening), passing the day standing and the night sitting. After the lapse of three years, they throw off their guilt."
I'm interested in knowing the exact wording of āgama śāstra of Sri Venkateswara Temple, Tirupati that pertains to overseas travel restrictions and if any reasons are stated in there that explains this restriction or do they just follow the Baudhayana Sutra II.1.2.2 referenced above.