We all know that the narration of Mahabharata, Puranas has been done in Naimisharanya. My question's are Which all Puranas describe the 1) origin and 2) Mahatmya of Naimisharanyam, 3)Gomati River and 4) different places 5) and teerthas in and around Naimisharanya.

6) Please specify the Khandas, Chapters and 7) some important slokas of the respective Puranas.

2 Answers 2


Naimisharanya (नैमिषारण्य) is the Holy forest where Shree Veda Vyasa taught the Vedas and all the Puranas to his disciples. Later it is in this very holy place that Romaharshana or Lomaharshana , Vedavyasa’s disciple, narrated the Puranas to several Rishis. It is also the blessed place where Ugrasrava (Suta Gosvami),the son of Romaharsana, narrated the story of Shreemad Bhagavatam to several Rishis.

We find mentioning of Naimisharanya and it's Tirthas ( holy sites) in several Puranas:-

नैमिषे अनिमिष-क्षेत्रे ऋष्या शौनकादयः।

सत्रां स्वर्गाय: लोकय:सहस्र-समं अस्ता ।।

Naimishe animisha-kshetre Rishayah s’aunakâdayah Satram svargâya lokâya Sahasra-samam âsata

Meaning-:Naimishe–in the forest known as Naimishâranya; animisha-kshetre–the spot which is especially a favorite of Vishnu (who does not close His eyelids); rishayah–sages; s’aunaka-âdayah–headed by the sage S’aunaka; satram–sacrifice; svargâya–the Lord who is glorified in heaven; lokâya–and for the devotees who are always in touch with the Lord; sahasra–one thousand;samam–years; âsata–performed.) Srimad Bhagavatam 1.1.4

Vrittrasur was a demon becoming a major hurdle in the way of Sages and demigods. Then a highly powerful sage named Maharshi Dadhichi gave his bones in order to create a weapon to kill the demon.

The forest of Naimisharanya is considered to be the forest manifestation of Vishnu and therefore considered sacred. It is said that during the course of history 60000 sages have lived there.

The Varaha Purana provides an alternative legend. It states that Vishnu once destroyed the entire army of Asuras in a second at this place with his Chakra. Nimish means an instant and Aranya means forest; together meaning the forest where the demons were destroyed in a second. Chakra Tirtha

In Padma Purana -: Devi Sita requested her mother, the earth, to open up and accept her in Naimisharanya. Excerpt -: Sita was deeply hurt by Sri Ram's unkind remarks. She said--'May mother earth swallow me if I have remained true to only my lord Sri Ram and not thought of any other man.' Hardly had Sita finished her lines than the earth cracked and Sita vanished into that crevice. A sacred pond known as Sita kunda Padma Purana Sita Kunda now stands where Mother Earth has parted to receive her daughter.

The vayu purana describes how in the Satya Yuga, the sages wanted to perform a large yagna, and requested Lord Brahma to guide them in identifying an appropriate location. Brahmadeva created a huge wheel, the Manomaya Chakra मनोमय चक्र, which he dedicated to Lord Shiva. Releasing the chakra, he told the sages to follow it, instructing them to hold their sacrifice at the place where the wheel broke. It landed in the forest at Naimisharanya and as predicted, it broke and and its circumference (Nemi) broke down as predicted by lord Brahma. This segment of land became famous as Naimisharanya. As soon as it got destroyed, from the spot a huge gush of water sprouted up in the form of a Shiva-linga. As the water was flooding the place, the Rishis prayed and Mother Shakti appeared and absorbed and stopped the flow of water.Hence Naimisharanya is also a Shakti Peetha and has a famous ancient Lalita (Devi) temple. She is also called Linga-Dharini Shakti. In Sanskrit, naimi' refers to the circumference of the wheel.

विबुधा ईजिरे तत्र सहस्त्र प्रतिवत्सरान॥७॥ भ्रमतो धर्मचक्रस्य यत्र
नेमिरशीर्यत। कर्मणा तेन विख्यातं नैमिषं मुनिपूजितं॥८॥

Meaning - The sages performed the sacrifice for a thousand years where the rim of the revolving Dharma-Chakra , got shattered .By that act this place became well known as Naimisha , adored by sages. Vayu Purana chapter 2 verse 8

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  • Can you please specify the Chapters and verses from Varaha Purana and Padma Purana? Also does any other Purana contain the story of the wheel released by Brahma? Which Purana contains the story of Dadhichi Kund? Which Purana has the story of the Banyan tree in Naimisharanya near Hanuman Gadi, which is beleived to be the place where Nara and Narayana did peneance and fought with prahlada? The Banyan tree (it's seed) is believed to be planted by Lord Vishnu himself. Which purana has this story? Which Purana has the story of origin of Gomati river?
    – Student
    Sep 29, 2016 at 1:03
  • you are already asking 7 questions in one. blogas have all that info. If you want answers of all the questions , i can provide that also. but pls. make sure that your question do not fall in the category of " Too broad" to answer. Sep 29, 2016 at 1:12
  • 3
    I am specifically asking which khandas and chapters of what puranas explain different places in and around Naimisharanya along with Gomti River and Naimisharanya. I donot want blog posts.
    – Student
    Sep 29, 2016 at 1:16

1) The origin of Naimiṣāraṇya: There seem to be two different origin stories revolving around the Naimiṣa forest. One etymology explains it as the ‘twinkling of the eye’, as Lord Viṣṇu destroyed the Asura army there, within the twinkling of the eye (nimiṣa). While the oher version explains the origin of the forest as the place where the wheel of righteousness (dharma-cakra) was shattered. It is told in the Vāyu-purāṇa:

1.1.165. “This wheel has a fine nave, its form and name are divine; it has truth for its spokes; its revolution is auspicious, and it is incomparable. You follow it alertly but with self-restraint as it proceeds ahead. You will then attain what is wholesome for you.”

1.2.7 The sages performed the sacrifice for a thousand years in the place where the rim of the revolving Dharma-cakra (the wheel of righteousness) was shattered. Thanks to that event, that place, sanctified by the sages, became famous as Naimiṣa.

The Devī-bhāgava-purāṇa gives an interesting variation of this story, adding the note that Kali has no influence in this place. (This means the influences of the Kali age)

1.2.26-32. ...When we were afraid of the Kali age, Brahmā gave us a Manomaya Chakra (wheel) and I said to all of us :-- Follow this wheel, go after it and the spot where the felly of the wheel will become thin (so as to break) and will not roll further, that country is the holy place; Kali will never be able to enter there; you all better remain there until the Satya age comes back. Thus, acording to the saying of Brahmā, we have got orders to stay here. On hearing the words of Brahmā, wo went out quickly keeping the wheel go on, our object being to determine which place is best and holiest. When we came here, the felly of the wheel become thin and shorn before my eyes; hence this Kṣettra is called Naimisa; it is the most sanctifying place.

Kali cannot enter here; hence the Mahatmas, Munis and Siddhas, terrified by the Kali age, have followed me and resorted to this place....

2) Māhātmya of Naimiṣāraṇya: According to Horace Hayman Wilson there should be a copy of the Naimiṣāraṇya-māhātmya in the original manuscript of the Vāyu-purāṇa:

It appears, however, that we have not yet a copy of the entire Vāyu Purāṇa. The extent of it, as mentioned above, should be twenty-four thousand verses. The Guicowar MS. has but twelve thousand, and is denominated the Pūrvārddha, or first portion. My copy is of the like extent. The index also spews that several subjects remain untold; as, subsequently to the description of the sphere of Śiva, and the periodical dissolution of the world, the work is said to contain an account of a succeeding creation, and of various events that occurred in it, as the birth of several celebrated Ṛṣis, including that of Vyāsa, and a description of his distribution of the Vedas; an account of the enmity between Vaśiṣṭha and Visvāmitra; and a Naimiṣāraṇya Māhātmya.

According to the Catalogue of the India Office Library, vol. 2, part i, p. 1688, it is contained in the Skanda-purāṇa. I have not been able to found it, however, the Skanda-purāṇa is the largest of all purāṇas so you might not want to rule its presence out.

Not exactly a Māhātmya, but a very short eulogy in praise of the Naimiṣāraṇya is found in the Brahma Purana:

1.1.4-12. In the very holy, charming and extremely sacred Naimiṣa forest, a great sacrifice lasting for twelve years was performed by the sages. The forest abounded in flowers of diverse kinds and trees such as Sāla, Karṇikāra, Panasa, Dhava, Khadira, Āmra, Jambū, Kapittha, Nyagrodha, Devadāru, Aśvattha, Pārijāta, Candana, Arjuna, Campaka and others. Many kinds of birds and beasts lived there. It abounded in Aguru, Pāṭala, Bakula, Sapta-Parṇa, Punnāga, Nāgakesara, Sāla, Tamāla, Nārikela and Arjuna. It was beautified by many trees, Campaka and others embellished by variety of water-reservoirds such as pools and holy lakes. It abounded in people of various castes—Brahmins, Kṣatriyas, Vaiśyas, Śūdras, people of all stages of life, students, householders, forest-dwellers and ascetics. It was richly endowed with birds of various sorts, cows and cattle wealth and storage of barley wheat, chick peas, pulses, beans, sesamum and sugarcan e and other plants. It was adorned by stocks of paddy and other fresh vegetables, There in that forest the bright sacred fire was kindled and the sages performed a sacrifice extending for twelve years. Thus the sages and other brahmins congregated there.

3) Gomatī River: There is an origin story of the Gomatī-kuṇḍa in the Skanda-purāṇa: O holy Sir, earlier the eternal Gomatī Kuṇḍa was mentioned by you. At what time was it created? Kindly de­scribe it in detail to us.

O highly intelligent one, listen to the story of the origin of Gomatīkuṇḍa. It is highly destructive of sins. It is a mer­itorious story formerly narrated by Rudra.

In the Naimiṣa forest, Śaunaka and other sages gathered together and held meritorious discussion regarding the splen­did origin of all Tīrthas.

... O holy Sir, Gomatī, the most excellent one among rivers, has come here itself. Perform here itself all your rites of Snāna, Dana etc. Gomatī has merged into the Yajña Kuṇḍa here. So did Sarasvatī.

Ever since then it is called Gomatī Kuṇḍa in the world. The path for all the worlds is here itself. Hence, O Vyāsa, this is highly meritorious and excellent Tīrtha on the earth. Thus Gomatī Kuṇḍa has been described. It is destructive of all sins.

On the eighth day in the dark half of the Bhādra month, Kṛṣṇa’s birth day (is celebrated). Devotees shall take holy dip there on that day and keep awake at night. After due observance of fast, O Vyāsa, they shall duly worship Vyāsa with his disciples(?)

4-5) Different places and tīrthas in and around Naimiṣāraṇya:

I have found an interesting story on the Siddhāśrama located with Naimiṣāraṇya, occuring in the Narada Purana:

1.1.24-27. Thereafter, those sages went to the holy Siddhāśrama in the forest. It abounded in groups of deer. It was graced with the residence of sages (living therein).

It was beautified with charming trees and creepers (full of abundant) flowers and fruits, and was spotted with lakes of crystalline water and was inhabited by persons warmly hospitable to guests (and strangers arriving there).

They (the sages of the Naimiṣa forest) saw the son of Romaharṣaṇa worshipping the infinite unvanquished Lord Nārāyaṇa, by means of the Agniṣṭoma sacrifice.

Suitably honoured by Sūta, those sages of well-known powers, remained there in the hall of sacrifice, awaiting the concluding rites of ablution (Avabhṛtha).

  • Nice answer....
    – Rickross
    Feb 3, 2017 at 8:59

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