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It is said that a Sadhu/Sanyasi can be of two kinds viz:

1) Vakta - One who communicates with the world through speech.

2) Mauni - One who does not speak and keeps silence.

O dear Parvati, listen to me. There are two classes of knowers of Truth. They are (1) The Mauni and (2) The Vakta. No benefit accrues from the Mauni to any person. (Guru Gita)

My Questions -

A) Why does a Sanyasi choose to become Mauni? What purpose is served? Does becoming Mauni help in his path of sadhana in any way? Or is it just a matter of personal choice?

B) At what stage of spiritual advancement a Sadhu usually turns Mauni?

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    Some sadhus might be doing this as part of "Vow or Vrata" (मौन व्रत) also , to express their devotion towards perticular deity. It's believed that silence gives us power and helps us in better understanding of this World , increase our strength , mental ability , patient which is required in Adhytma आध्यत्म Or spiritual path. – SwiftPushkar Sep 30 '16 at 12:08
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    The Ramakrishna Order Swami Swahananda once told me that an aspirant may become silent in order to conserve his spiritual energy needed to pierce the chakras. – Pradip Gangopadhyay Sep 30 '16 at 14:08
  • @SwiftPushkar No i was not talking about the Mauna Vrata.i felt only saints who are realised go silent because of their inability to describe what they have realised to others.This part is touched in the answer below.@Pradip is also giving us a good reason that sadhaka has to keep silent. – Rickross Sep 30 '16 at 15:54
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    @Rickross - Yes , it's more like a general comment. And not much related to answer or adressing issue as such. Just expressed my views.:) – SwiftPushkar Sep 30 '16 at 16:00
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What the Guru Gita is saying should be taken more as a guideline for aspirants rather than as a test or a guideline to an aspirant's advancement. There is no stage at which an aspirant turns a Mauni. I have personally met a few sadhus who kept complete silence at all times. Have met several who have kept a vow of not speaking one day a week. Some have been very advanced sadhus, others were beginners.

The purpose of silence is austerity, control of the mind by controlling the tongue. When one is silent, one tries to be the Witness to Maya rather being a player within Maya.

Krishna says in the Gita (17.15) (Swami Nikhilananda translator):

Words that do not give offense and that are truthful, pleasant, and beneficial, and also the recitation of the Vedas--these are said to be the austerity of speech.

And Krishna says further in Gita (18.52) (Swami Gambhirananda translator):

One who resorts to solitude, eats sparingly, has speech, body, and mind under control, to whom meditation and concentration are ever the highest (duty), and who is possessed of dispassion;

And Sankara says in his work Aparoksanubhuti (108-109) (Swami Vimuktananda translator):

Who can describe That (i.e. Brahman) whence words turn away? (So silence is inevitable while describing Brahman). Or if the phenomenal world were to be described, even that is beyond words. This, to give an alternative definition, may also be termed silence known among the sages as congenital (inseparable from Brahman). The observance of silence by restraining speech, on the other hand, is ordained by the teachers of Brahman for the ignorant.

A good reference for the what the duties of an aspiring sannyasin are and what the characteristics of a knower of Brahman are is the Paramahamsa Upanishad.

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In KulArnava Tantram Lord Shiva says that Japa Yajna is the best form of Yajna.And in the 9th chapter of the same book he says that silence is the greatest form of Japa.

So,it becomes quite clear why some Sannyasis and Yogis chose to remain silent.

Akriyaiba ParA PujA Maunmeva Paro Japah|| Achintaiva Param DhyAnamanicchaiva Parama Phalam ||

Akriya is the best Puja ,Silence is the best Japa,Achintha (the state of thoughtlessness) is the best Dhyana,and desirelessness(AnicchA ) is the best fruit.

KulArnva Tantram,Chapter 9,Verse 38.

Now,the "Akriya" in the above verse should not be interpreted as "actionlessness". It indicates internal mode of worship more than anything else.

And,it is also a fact that,after a certain stage a Yogi does Sandhya without water,Puja without upacharas etc.

  • What does Akriya mean? No work? – The Destroyer Feb 12 '17 at 16:50
  • @TheDestroyer No .Kriya here does not mean work..it means rituals..So,Akriya refers to puja without rituals..The 9th chapter deals with Yoga,the Yogis and Yogiswaras..It becomes clear upon reading it that internal mode of worship is not everyone but only for those Yogis who are quite advanced.. – Rickross Feb 13 '17 at 5:27
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The one who is silent is remembering the mantra as japa of god given by guru is the supreme and best form ..As there are 3 types of doing japa. One is by uttering it loud ..Second is lips and tongue will move another person can see that he is doing jap but it can't speak it loud and third is remembering jap in mind ....The third one is very powerful ...But doing this mind become stable and u will connect with the higher consciousness of mantra sound and it will possibly came as ajapa ...This ajapa means u won't have to japa by brain it will automatically jap in mind ..We just have to focus on that....They all are doing the third one by remembering it and uttering on mind...I hope u all get that .....If u really want to achieve this state u can do this siddha automatic yoga where ur body starts automatic yoga pranayam bandhs mudras and many things will happen automatically Alon with khecchri mudras ....U only have 2 do 15 min. -15 min Morning and evening mediation on empty stomach and guru will give the mantra which u have 2 recite continuously on mind for certain period of days while doing ur daily work ..If u do it with full compassion then it will come out as ajapa ... The inner body starts japa with his own and ur kundalini gets awakened in a matter of days not years ....Try it ....It helped me and I am still doing it ..

www.gurusiyagyoga.com www.the-comforter.org

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    How does it answer the question? Format your answer properly. Don't add website links at the bottom of the answer unless they are the sources. This site is not for advertising your site. – Sarvabhouma Aug 15 '17 at 7:50

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