Worship of God has a great significance in Hindu religion.

From a simple practice of expressing gratitude to God to a worship done for Atma Shuddhi{ or purification of the being}, there are many reasons for this sacred daily practice, of worshipping God.

It is often heard that all Pujas are to be done, strictly keeping the Vidhi and Vidhan in mind.It can therefore be deduced that Vidhi and Vidhan, of worship, are complimentary to each other.

Explain in brief what is the meaning of strictly keeping the Vidhi and Vidhan, in mind during worship.Suitable examples, explaining the same may also be given.

  • What kind of info u need?Because a puja can be very elaborate and very short and simple too.
    – Rickross
    Oct 25, 2016 at 8:21
  • Still not understood.Vidhi means the rules .Do u want the procedure of doing a puja or something else?
    – Rickross
    Oct 25, 2016 at 8:32
  • An example of how to do a puja on ur own?
    – Rickross
    Oct 25, 2016 at 8:33

1 Answer 1


In the video How to perform Ganesha Puja,Sri Seetharama Shastry has shown how to do a Shdosopachara Puja within just 6 minutes.The procedure is very simple but the puja is very effective.Anyone willing,can do it daily in their homes.

A Shodasopachara Puja consists of offering of the following 16 different objects to God ; {1} Avahanam(invocation) {2} AAsanam (a seat) {3} Padyam(water for washing feet) {4}Arghyam(water for washing hands),{5}Achamaniyam(water of sipping),Madhuparkam(a sweet prepared by mixing honey,sugar)(this step can be optional,) {6} Snaanam(head bath ) {7}Vastram(offering clothes) {8}Alankaram(ornaments) {9}Yajnopoveetam(offering of sacred thread) {10}Gandham(sandal paste,kumkumam).{11} Pushpam(offering of flowers).{12} Dhupam(offering of lighted incense sticks). Deepam(offering of lighted lamps) {13}Naivedyam(offering of food),{14}Tamboolam(offering of betel leaves & nuts),{15}Karpoora neerajanam(hoisting of lamps burning camphor), {16}Mantrapushpam(offering of flowers again),Pradakshina Namaskaram(circumambulation and prostrations)

Things that one needs:

1)One Altar for God,an idol/image of Mahaganapaty,

2)A metal plate(copper ,brass etc,not iron or steel) for keeping the idol.

3)A Panchapatra(a small cup with a spoon)filled with clean water,

4)Akshatas(whole rice mixed with a bit of turmeric(haldi)),

5)Sandal paste,kumkumam,

6)Fruits or sweets for naivedya,

7)Incense sticks,a lamp, wicks , ghee or other oil ,a camphor stand and pieces of camphor.Also if one have, betel leaves and nuts(for the tamboolam part in the shodasa upachara).

A few important things:

1)The person doing the Puja should face either north or east.

2)The Deity can face any directions barring the south.

So,the best is you face east and the deity directly facing you.

Steps of the Puja(refer to the video with my texts):

Step 1- A lamp is to be lighted first at the left side of the deity.This lamp needs to burn as long as the Puja is being done.You can extinguish it after the completion of puja.

Mantra-Deepa Jyotir Parabrahma,deepa Jyoti Janradana,deepa Haratu me Deepam,Deepa Jyotir Namostute(The light in the lamp is Parabrahma,is Janardana,it removes all sins,prostrations to that light).

Step 2-Self purification with sipping of water 3 times(called achamana) from right palm.As shown in the video,sip 3 times spoonfull of water with the mantras :Achutaya namaha,Anantaya namaha,Govindaya namaha.

Step3-Recite the following 12 names of Sri Vishnu(this is called angasparsha or angavandanam) :Keshava,Narayana,Madhava,Govinda,Vishnu,Madhusudana ,Trivikrama,Vamana,Sridhara,Hrishikesha,Padmanabha,Damodara.

Step 4 -Praying to Guru with the Sloka Gurur Brahma,Gurur Vishnuh,gurur Devo Maheswarah,gurU Sakshat Para Brahma tasmai Sri Gurave Namaha(Guru is Trinity,Guru who is Parabrahma ,salutations).

Step 5 The so called Vigneswara Dhyanam-Suklambaradaram Vishnum Sasivarnam Chathurbhujam Prasannavadanam Dhyayet Sarva Vugnopashantayet.

Step 6- Sankalpa-Stating the purpose of doing the Puja.Place the left palm on your right thigh,take few akshatas on your right palm ,and place closed right palm on your left palm and recite mantra-Mamapatta samastha duritakshaya dwara Sri Parameswara Prithyartham sri Mahaganapaty Pujam Karishye(I'm doing this Mahaganapaty Puja in order to remove all my sins and in order to make Parameswara (Shiva) happy).This is a simple "nishkama" sankalpa mantra.

Step 7 -Now the actual Puja starts.

Invite Ganapaty into the idol with the mantras "Asmin Bimbe sumukham Mahaganapatim Dhyaami,Mahagaganaptim Avahayami(sprinkle akshatas on idol with dhyaami and also while saying avahayami).

Mahaganapty is now invoked & will be present in the idol till the Puja ends.

Rest of the Upacharas are then offered one by one,as shown in the video,accompanied by the mantra "Mahaganapataye namaha".

For,example,Mahaganapataye namaha Aasaanam samarpayami, Mahaganapataye namaha Padyam samarpayami etc.

After saying Mahaganapataye namaha puspaihi Pujayami one is ought worship Him with flowers.

The mantras for this step are as follows(with each namaha flowers/petals are offered):

Om Sumukhaya namah Om Ekadantaya namah Om Kapilaya namah Om Gajakarnikaya namah Om Lambodaraya namah Om Vikataya namah Om Vignarajaya namah Om Vinayakaya namah Om Dhumaketave namah Om Ganadhyakshaya namah Om Phalachandraya namah Om Gajananaya namah Om Vakratundaya namah Om Surpakarnaya namah Om Herambaya namah Om Skandapoorvajaya namah Om Mahaganapate namah

Other relevant things:

1)While offering naivedya sprinkle water on the food plate(as shown in the video).

2)In case of the things(upacharas) that one does not actually have, akshatas can be offered instead.For example,if you do not have tamboolam offer akshatas saying tamboolam arthe akshatam samarpayami.

3)At the end of Puja offer "Atma Pradkshina" (going round oneself anti clockwise 3 times) and full prostrations.Then pray for forgiveness and tell your wishes to Mahaganapaty and you are done.

This is a simple yet a "Shastra Sammata Vidhi" of doing a Mahaganapaty Puja.Similar methods can be employed for doing Pujas to other Deities of choice.

  • @Uday I think this is what u wanted.
    – Rickross
    Oct 25, 2016 at 10:47
  • You mean Sri Sukta vidhana ,Purusha Sukta Vidhana etc?..Those are only for advanced users.
    – Rickross
    Oct 25, 2016 at 10:52
  • 1
    Thank you for the answer and all the details explained in it.. Oct 25, 2016 at 11:14

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