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Who makes Hindu calendar? Is that authentic calendar or illusory calendar?

Sometimes it has two dates together in one day, is it authentic? I think there is some ambiguity.

Every year they also make changes. Is there any mathematics behind it or superstitious principles?

Why different calendars different Ekadashis?

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There are actually two schools or groups which make the Hindu Panchangams or almanacs .They are called the Panchangam Kartaa.

One among them use the old school method depending on the Surya Siddhanta(or Vakya Siddhanta) and another one depends on the Drik Ganita ,which uses modern methods to calculate the positions of the stars.Their calculations match with those of say the Nasa Ephemeris.

The Panchangam or calender,called the "Rashtriya Panchanga", which is published by the Indian Government also supports the Drik Ganita method and not that based on the Surya Siddhanta.

The difference that you see between the two calendars is due to the fact that both uses different algorithms to calculate the star positions.

Needless to say,the Surya Siddhanta method gives erroneous results where as the Drik Ganita method gives precise and correct results.

One group of Panchangam makers uses old methods which were quite handy to give correct positions of stars without doing lengthy calculations. Old calculations were written in form of statements or Vakya for easy memorization and understanding. Those shortcuts used to get updated time to time to remove any inaccuracies which creeps in such methods with time. The calculated positions of stars by Vakyam and Surya Siddhantic methods were exact enough to match with observatory positions of the stars without much effort.

These old methods have not been updated since centuries and star positions calculated by these methods are erroneous. The difference between calculated and observatory positions might vary up to 12 hours. Hence the positions of star calculated by old algorithms like Vakya Siddhanta or Surya Siddhanta are not precise. Followers of these old schools are well aware of these discrepancies but still use erroneous methods. However they don't mind stealing eclipse information from Drik Panchangam or Thiru-Ganita Panchangam.

Source.

Many Tamil and Bengali Panchangams still use the Surya Siddhanta.whereas both the Raman Ephemeris and the Drikpanchang use the Drika Ganita.Its better to rely on them.

I personally always use the Drikpanchang.com website.

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    @UdayKrishna Thank u.u seem to be very attentive to the minutest of details. – Rickross Nov 14 '16 at 9:07
  • If the so called Panchangs generated by NASA data are correct why nobody is officially publishing the dates of the Mahabharata. Why there are so many Ayanamsa methods even today. – Rama27 Oct 20 '17 at 5:11
  • The Raman Ayanamsa uses Nasa positions afaik. I am not sure about ur other question @Rama27 – Rickross Oct 22 '17 at 5:11
  • The Government of India uses Lahiri Ayanamsa and so are many others. Many use KP. Some still use Raman. Then there are many more which I cannot list here. I will ask a proper question in the forum so that others can also contemplate on this. – Rama27 Oct 22 '17 at 5:22
  • As far as my personal experience goes i found Raman's the most precise. @Rama27 But everyone here (Bengal) use Lahiri's. – Rickross Oct 22 '17 at 5:27

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