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Mayureshwara is an incarnation of Lord Ganesha in the Treta Yuga. Mayureshwara's vehicle is a peacock (and hence the name, Mayura which means "peacock" in Sanskrit), unlike Ganesha's usual vehicle, the rat.

The temple of Mayureshwara is present in Moregaon in the state of Maharashtra in India. The locals there mention that the temple is the starting point of the Ashtavinayaka circuit.

In the book, Ganapati: Song of the Self, By John A Grimes (P#37), he clearly mentions that:

Morgaon is regarded as the most important of the asta vinayaka temples for four reasons: it is the adhya pitha of the Ganapatya sampradaya...

The question is, what exactly is the legend of Mayureshwara and in which religious text is it mentioned?

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    You can read it in short here..Apparently the Ganesha Purana mentions about it. – Rickross Dec 25 '16 at 17:57
  • Unfortunately there's no complete Ganesh Purana available online. So I think I'll have to answer this tomo. – Bhargav Rao Dec 25 '16 at 19:43
  • Looks, like tomorrow never comes, it's been 8 months. @Rickross, if you can add an answer which mentions some details (using that link) and provide a small citation from the Ganesha Purana, I'd be really glad to accept it. :) – Bhargav Rao Aug 28 '17 at 8:49
  • Hi, i can only quote as much as is found on that page linked in my comment above. I could not find Ganesha Purana anywhere. That page says that the stotram is found in Ganesha Purana and also gives the story behind the incarnation. – Rickross Aug 29 '17 at 5:25
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Mayureshwar is the most important temple in the tour of Ashta Vinayak. The route of Ashta Vinayaka pilgrimage starts from this temple.

The summary of the legend goes like this:

This happened in the Treta yuga. There was a king named Cakrapāṇi who ruled a city named Gaṇḍakī. He was righteous king. He remained childless for many years. He did many pujas, vratas, Yāgas and gave donations to beget a child but remained fruitless. One day sage Śaunaka arrived. He told a way of vrat for pleasing Lord Sūrya. The royal couple followed the procedure. After following the procedure, a child was born with three eyes, a big head and an ugly body. The couple felt happy that they have a child now. They named the child Ugrekṣaṇa, Sindhu and Viprasādan.

   The child was very cruel since from his childhood. He fought with other humans and elephants in his childhood. After some years, he wanted to conquer the three worlds and become the ruler of the world. He started a penance to please Lord Sūrya(because he was the reason of his birth). After a severe penance, Lord Sūrya was satisfied with penance and appeared before Sindhu. Sindhu asked for a boon of lack of death. Lord Sūrya granted it by handing him a bowl of nectar. He said

    Keep this bowl in your throat. As long as this is in your throat, you will be invicible and no one will be able to kill you. If this is removed or destroyed, your death time arrives.

  &nbsp Due to the power of his boons, he conquered the heaven and imprisoned devatas. He ordered the people to worship him instead of devatas. Donations, sacrifices were stopped in his kingdom. The devatas prayed to Ganesha to remove their problems. He promised that he will incarnate to slay that rakshasa.

    Ganesha took birth in the womb of Parvati. This came to know to Sindhu by his spies. He summons his ministers for an advice. They advice to send other asuras to slay that child. But all the asuras fail to accomplish the mission. Finally. the devatas wanted Ganesha to kill Ugrekṣaṇa. Hence, they send Nandi as a messenger of the Gods to release the women belonging to devatas and surrender the svarga nad other lokas to them. But Ugrekṣaṇa doesn't listen to Nandi's advice. Ganesha took oath of slaying Sindhu. Then a fierce battle between Ugrekṣaṇa and Rudra Ganas started.

Ugrekṣaṇa was defeated by Ganesha twice in the battle. Ganesha cut off Ugrekṣaṇa's ears. Embarrassed by the defeat, the rakshas returned to his palace. On the last day of the battle, it was Rudra Ganas who took the advanced step to attack Sindhu. They marched towards the city of the rakshas from all the sides. Ganesha reached there on his vehicle peacock. Then Ganesha did āchamana with sacred water and with his divine axe, he hit Sindhu. By his blow, the bowl with nectar was destroyed. In turn, Sindhu is also dead. The devatas exalted Ganesha for his act.

Lord Ganesha is always referred to as Mayureshwar in the chapters. The place where Ganesha slain the rakshas Ugrekṣaṇa AKA Sindhu AKA Viprasādana became famous as Mayureshwar templeThe locals refer this temple as Moreshwar and village as Moregaon meaning the village of peacocks. This story could be a strong reason for the name. The incarnation is called as Mayureshwar because the lord has ascended to the earth on his vehicle peacock.

This is a summary of Ganesha Purana Sixth Kanda Chapters 1 to 7. (Of these chapters 3,4 describe the slaying of various rakshasas.) The related story in Hindi version can be found here. [Page 8 to 58]. Compete Ganesha Purana in Hindi is available here.

Ganesha at Moreshwar temple.

The consorts of Lord Ganesha Siddhi and buddhi are seen along with him in this temple. It is because they are married to him just after the slaying the Sindhu.

  • 1
    Wow. You have recorded the "quickest accepted answer" (within 3 minutes)! – iammilind Aug 30 '17 at 7:02
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    @iammilind Bhargav Rao is online now and he accepted the answer as soon as I posted. It is less than a minute! – Sarvabhouma Aug 30 '17 at 7:07
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    @iammilind *25 seconds. I knew the answer before hand (from the comments), but I needed someone to write a detailed answer. :) – Bhargav Rao Aug 30 '17 at 7:39

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