As we know, There are four yugas (Satya, Treta, Dwapara, Kali). Every yuga consists of four parts (known as pādā in sanskrit). Many are aware that in the daily rituals we perform, we say Kali yuge prathama pāde as a part of Sankalpa of that pooja. It is quite common in almost every pooja.

My questions:

  • If this sankalpa continues for generation after generation, how will it change even if we enter the second pāda of kali yuga?

  • How will we know that the first part of the yuga is completed? Will there be any indication?

  • Is time period of kaliyuga equally divided among four parts?

  • Does the adharma get more prevalent in the next parts of this yuga?

The above question is not a duplicate of this question.

  • 6
    Good question. One thing is that the Brahma Vaivarta Purana says that the first 10,000 years of the Kali Yuga will be a golden age, and that the Ganga river will dry up after the first 5000 years of the Kali Yuga. But many consider that passage to be an interpolation, and in any case it's already been more than 5000 years and the Ganga river is still here. And I'm not sure if any of this has to do with a change in Pada. Jan 5, 2017 at 18:44
  • Yugas are divided in the ratio 4:3:2:1
    – Pandya
    Jan 7, 2017 at 11:11
  • 1
    @Pandya 4:3:2:1 is the ratio of the lengths of the four Yugas. But I don't know of any scripture that says that the Padas of a given Yuga are in the ratio 4:3:2:1. Jan 7, 2017 at 16:21
  • @KeshavSrinivasan Ganga will dry after 5000 years according to Brahma Vaivarta Purana? Which verse says so? Dec 13, 2018 at 15:39

3 Answers 3


Nothing very definitive but some indications are given in the Bhavisya Purana:

Then Bali and Kalki Devi approached Narayana in the form of Vamana who in turn enabled a Brahmana called Kama Sharma and his wife Devahuti on the banks of Yamuna River; he blessed that this couple would give birth to Bhoga Simha and Keli Simha. These two sons would stay in a Kreedavati Nagar and would carry out the wishes of Kali Yuga Devi, especially in the task of wide-spread Varna-sankara or destroying the Rules of Varnashrama.

Over two thousand years, the established Regulations made by Lord Brahma and the successive Manus would get thinner and thinner and by the Second Paada of Kali Yuga, Kali Devata would be happy to witness that the old Vedic values would be obliterated, that the Daityamaya human beings (fully soaked in Daitya activities) would be of two-and-half feet height, that their life span would be forty years maximum (as against hundred years now) and that they would be free like birds without any Karmic regulations!

What happens even after that ? i.e in the last remaining quarters of Kali Yuga are also given in the same chapter:

At the end of the Kali's second half there would neither by the institutions of marriages, nor Kingships, nor any social reformer and not even a Karma Karta! The World would be full of the progeny of Bhogi Simha and Keli Simha and this kind of a situation devoid of customs and social norms woud prevail for one and quarter lakh years!! In the Third Quarter of Kali Yuga, the average age of human beings would be twenty six years maximum;They would be too lustful and produce too many children and resort to affairs with co-males and animals!....... In the fourth phase of Kali Yuga the maximum age of humans would not exceed tewnty years and live like water-beasts and animals; hells like Tamistra and worse kinds of frightening Places of Retribution would be over-populated

So.basically, when we find human beings are having heights of around two and a half feet and when their life span on average is not more than 40 years we can assume that the first pada of Kali is over.

  • Do you know anything about 1st and 3rd questions? Jan 7, 2017 at 6:16
  • 1
    @SreeCharan I think one can't continue using the same sankalpa in the 2nd pada ..It has to change accordingly..As regards ur 3rd Q i am not quite sure..
    – Rickross
    Jan 7, 2017 at 6:28
  • Because in your answer you stated " this kind of a situation devoid of customs and social norms woud prevail for one and quarter lakh years". So I think they are divided like that. Jan 7, 2017 at 6:49
  • @SreeCharan Yes i too think so but i'm not sure..
    – Rickross
    Jan 7, 2017 at 9:36
  • 3
    Good informations... rarely found. Thanks Jan 12, 2018 at 4:30

My understanding of pādā is different. As per Surya Siddhanta (chapter 1, Verse 15 - 19), a pādā ("dharmapādā" to be precise) is a fixed time period corresponding to 1200 divine years (year of the devas). Kali Yuga has a single pādā; Dwapara yuga has two pādā; Treta yuga has three pādā and Krtha yuga as four pādā. Hence saying "kali yuge prathama padhe" is correct but the pādā reference is redundant.


Only when a dharmic king is ruling the earth not when any Kalki arrives.

Following is the text from Bori CE Mahabharat's Udyoga Parva:

If a lord imposes chastisement on the four varnas in accordance with the dharma that they should follow, that ensures that they do not transgress dharma. If a king follows chastisement properly and completely, this signifies the commencement of the best era, known as krita yuga. You should have no doubts about whether the era creates the king, or the king creates the era. It is the king who creates the era. The king is the creator of krita yuga, treta and dvapara. The king is also the cause of the fourth yuga. If a king is the cause of krita, he enjoys heaven for eternity. If a king is the cause of treta, he enjoys heaven, but not for eternity. By leading to the commencement of the dvapara, a king obtains an appropriate share of those fruits. An evil-acting one dwells in hell for an eternity. The earth is touched by a king's taints and also he is touched by the earth.

Author of the above text: Bibek Debroy who translated sanskrit text to English.

  • Could you quote that image part as text too?
    – TheLittleNaruto
    Oct 14, 2019 at 9:01
  • As TheLittleNaruto has mentioned in his comment, please quote the text instead of adding a screenshot. We discourage "screenshot only" answers. You can add emphasis using Formatting help. Please add @ before user name so that the user who commendted can get back to you. Anyways, this is my question - How can we make a call that the Kalki is going to arrive or an era is starting? Who makes the call? Also can you elaborate what you mean a dharmic king is ruling? We will know a part is ending? Please edit. Oct 14, 2019 at 15:50
  • it seems like a "editor" already quoted it Oct 14, 2019 at 21:52

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