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The order of the Navagrahas is as follows:

Aditya/Surya(Sun)
Soma/Chandra(Moon)
Angaraka/Mangal/Kuja(Mars)
Budha(Mercury)
Brihaspati(Jupiter)
Sukra(Venus)
Sani(Saturn)
Rahu and Ketu.

This order can be found in Vyasa Krutha Navagraha Stotram and similar stotrams and even in the following small prayer dedicated to them :

Soorya souryamadendhurucha padaveem , sanmangalam mangala,¬ Sad budhim cha budho Guruscha kurutham Shukra sukham , sam sani,¬ Rahur bahu balam karothu vipulam Kethukulasyonnathim,¬ Nithyam preethikara bhavanthu bhavatham sarve prasanna Graha

Let sun give me courage , Moon give high position , Mars grant auspiciousness,¬ Let mercury give good brain , Let Jupiter give great numbers , Venus give pleasure ,Sani peace, Rahu give me physical strength and Kethu greatness of our family,¬ And let all the planets be pleased with me and start liking me.¬

So,the most natural way of associating the nine numbers 1,2..to..9 with the Navagrahas is this:

Sun-1,Moon-2,Mars-3,Mercury-4,Jupiter-5,Venus-6,Saturn-7,Rahu-8 and Ketu-9.

But those who are familiar with the subject of Numerology will know that this is not quite the order that is followed .

In numerology they follow this:

Sun-1,Moon-2,Jupiter-3,Rahu-4,Mercury-5,Venus-6,Ketu-7,Saturn-8,Mars-9.

So,quite different from the association given further above.

My Questions-

Which Hindu Scriptures give these rules of Numerology and in particular the rules regarding which number is to be associated with which of the Navagrahas?

  • Is Numerology Indian/Hindu work? What is the sanskrit name for Numerology? – The Destroyer Jan 18 '17 at 10:44
  • @TheDestroyer I don't know if numerology is mentioned in Scriptures..That's y i asked this question..You can chk the link i gave in the Q itself..They are using the term Vedic Numerology..but of course that does not prove anything..as for ur 2nd Q, Sankhya Tattva or Sankhya Sastra may be – Rickross Jan 18 '17 at 11:20
  • @Rickross - May be you are talking about "JanmaAnka Shastra" OR Mulanka Shastra i.e.जन्मांक शास्त्र & मूलांक शास्त्र.They are associeated with astrology.I will try to find more , but not sure about whether could Provide sources , We find this type of information generally in Joytisha books. – SwiftPushkar Jan 18 '17 at 12:43
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    @SwiftPushkar Yes u are right ..Jyotisha texts are the place to look into.. – Rickross Jan 18 '17 at 15:40
  • Numerology is not a part of scripture. There was a study of it, and because it is old it is called 'vedic', but its not part of scripture. Just because a work has the word shastra as part of it doesn't mean its scripture. – Swami Vishwananda Jan 19 '17 at 13:46
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First of all this answer does not address the main question which is about Navagraha's relation with the numbers,nor the one which asks about the basis of numerology in Hindu Scriptures.

It only indicates how the relation may have been formed using the Katapayadi system.

And also it indicates that numerology is not quite out of place in hInduism as we can see from this article : Aksharasamkhya Nirdesha(@Kamakotimandali.org)

ambA is worshipped through various mantras. Of these, panchadashI, shuddha ShoDashI, saubhAgya brahmavidyA or saubhAgya panchadashI (ShoDashI) and mahAShoDashI are the most important mantras in most of the dAkShiNAtya shrIvidyA sampradAyas. The number of letters in these mantras is indicated by the names of parAmbA based on katapaya calculations.

Name 1: lalitAmbA

La-3; li-3; tAm-6; bA-3 Total: 3+3+6+3 = 15 -> shuddha panchadashI

Name 2: lalitAmbikA

La-3; li-3; tAm-6; bi-3; kA-1 Total: 3+3+6+3+1= 16 -> shuddha ShoDashI

Name 3: shrIlalitAmbikA

shrI-2; La-3; li-3; tAm-6; bi-3; kA-1 Total: 2+3+3+6+3+1= 18 -> saubhAgya brahmavidyA

Name 4: shrIrAjarAjeshvarI

shrI-2; rA-2; ja-8; rA-2; je-8; shva-4; rI-2 Total: 2+2+8+2+8+4+2 = 28 -> mahAShoDashI

The same can be seen with respect to chaNDI as well. chan-6 and DI-3, thus indicating 6+3=9. On reversing the digits, the mantra denotes the thirty-six tattvas starting from shiva till dharA.

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