A Republic is a country where the ruler is democratically elected by the people of the country. Democracy is the opposite of dictatorship or monarchy.
Today's India is such a democratic republic.
But in ancient past Indian kings were not always selected by people. Mostly a king's son will become the king and then his son and so on.
Now this webpage claims the Vedas , the most ancient among Hindu scriptures, support the idea of democracy. It quotes a Rig Veda mantra in support of the claim which is given below. But i fail to understand how the mantra explicitly supports the idea of democracy.
Today India is the largest democratic nation in terms of population. But history and ancient literature suggest that demcoracy and republic ideas were implemented ever since the ‘Age of Vedas‘ and even before. The present westminister style of democracy in India was inherited from the British but the principle of democracy in Vedas existed as a core value in Ancient India.
Ramayana has the first instance where a king tells his people to disagree with him if needed and was open to suggestions in administration.
Evidence of a Democratic system of government in India is originally found in Rig Veda, which mentions a thriving republican form of Government in India. These are the slokas from Rig Veda which were to be sung in unison at the beginning of the republican assembly
sáM sam íd yuvase vRSann ágne víshvAny aryá Á iLás padé sám idhyase sá no vásUny Á bhara || sáM gachadhvaM sáM vadadhvaM sáM vo mánAMsi jAnatAm devÁ bhAgáM yáthA pÚrve saMjAnAnÁ upÁsate || samAnó mántraH sámitiH samAnÍ samAnám mánaH sahá cittám eSAm samAnám mántram abhí mantraye vaH samAnéna vo havíSA juhomi || samAnÍ va ÁkUtiH samAnÁ hRdayAni vaH samAnám astu vo máno yáthA vaH súsahÁsati || [Rig Veda 10.191.1-4]
Translation :THOU, mighty Agni, gatherest up all that is precious for thy friend. Bring us all treasures as thou art enkindled in libation’s place. Assemble, speak together: let your minds be all of one accord, As ancient Gods unanimous sit down to their appointed share. The place is common, common the assembly, common the mind, so be their thought united. A common purpose do I lay before you, and worship with your general oblation. One and the same be your resolve, and be your minds of one accord. United be the thoughts of all that all may happily agree.
Do the Vedas support democracy? If yes, please quote the relevant mantras from the Veda Samhitas.