The quotes you mentioned in your question are not insulting women at all. Although it looks like a insult , but we can't conclude that with just interpretation of 2-3 verses , without knowing the whole story and the background of it.
This chapter is about Chandra-Vamsha in which there is a story about Pururava and Urvashi. First of all let us see in what context and in which situation these sentences are said by Urvashi to Pururava.
The summery of which is as follows
Urvashi the celestial nimph fells in love with Pururava and he
welcomes her and accepts her love proposal. Urvashi then hands him her
two lambs for protection and sets one condition that he should not
come in front of her naked. Meanwhile Indra knowing that Urvashi is
not present at his court sends two gandharvas to bring her back to
him.Those gandharvas stole the two lambs of Urvashi upon which
Pururava flights with them and brings them back (in naked condition in
hurry) and Urvashi leaves him as she sees him naked.
After that in lamenting, he began traveling about the earth like a madman.One day he spots Urvashi at kurukshetra (banks of river Saraswati)and says following to her.
सुदेहोsयं पत त्यत्र देवि दुरं ह्यतस्त्वया ।
ग्रुध्रास्त्वतत्प्रसादस्य नास्पदम् ।।36।।
sudeho ’yaṁ pataty atra devi dūraṁ hṛtas tvayā
khādanty enaṁ vṛkā
gṛdhrās tvat-prasādasya nāspadam
O goddess, now that you have refused me, my beautiful body will fall
down here, and because it is unsuitable for your pleasure, it will be
eaten by foxes and vultures. SB 9.14.35
And thus he decides to die in the sorrow of Urvashi.Then Urvashi says to him thus.
मा मृथा: पुरुषोsसि त्वं मा स्म त्वाद्युवृका इमे।
क्कपि सख्यम न वै
स्त्रीणाम वृकाणाम ह्यदयं यथा।।36।।
mā mṛthāḥ puruṣo ’si tvaṁ mā sma tvādyur vṛkā ime kvāpi sakhyaṁ na
vai strīṇāṁ vṛkāṇāṁ hṛdayaṁ yathā
Urvaśī said: My dear King, you are a man, a hero. Don’t be impatient
and give up your life. Be sober and don’t allow the senses to overcome
you like foxes. Don’t let the foxes eat you. In other words, you
should not be controlled by your senses. Rather, you should know that
the heart of a woman is like that of a fox. There is no use making
friendship with women. SB 9.14.36
Now its quite clear that - Urvashi says this by knowing Pururava's wish to die in her love & in her grief. So she just says all this in order to give courage to pururava and inorder to drove away his thoughts of dying in her grief of her and to tell him to control his senses. In other words intentionally to calm him down and to set his heart free of excessive love & lust etc.
There is no any intention of insulting women in any way in that story nor it does so.Because Urvashi says this in different context as stated above and not in intention of insulting women
Hinduism scriptures strongly respects women.And believes that society only flourishes in which women are given respect and treated with equality.