6

The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, Section V, Verse 1.5.16 states:

There are indeed three worlds, the world of men, the world of the Manes and the world of the gods. This world of men is to be won through the son alone, and by no other rite; the world of the Manes through rites; and the world of the gods through meditation. The world of the gods is the best of the worlds. Therefore they praise meditation.

What is meant by "the world of the Manes"?

  • 1
    Why don't you google it, here is the meaning "the souls of dead ancestors, worshipped as beneficent spirits". This question​ is more of an English language question rather than Hinduism related question. – Yogi Jun 11 '17 at 4:15
  • 3
    @Yogi Asking users to google is not recommended. See this post on Meta.SE and this post on our site.. We can only ask for more research effort. Answering is recommended than commenting. – Sarvabhouma Jun 11 '17 at 5:05
  • 1
    Manes are the souls of our Ancestors(paternal- father, grandfather, great grandfather, so on to 7th generations back). I had read about maternal manes too, and they are maternal ancestors' should back to 5 generations. But I doubt whether maternal ancestors are souls of Mother, grandmother et cetera or grandfather. – user9392 Jun 11 '17 at 5:05
  • 4
    world of Gods= Devaloka , world of Manes= Pitrloka. – Rickross Jun 11 '17 at 5:09
  • Thanks again. I am familiar with devaloka & manussaloka (human world) from Buddhism. Regards – Dhammadhatu Jun 11 '17 at 5:11
7

अथ त्रयो वाव लोकाः—मनुष्यलोकः पितृलोको देवलोक इति; सोऽयं मनुष्यलोकः पुत्रेणैव जय्यः, नान्येन कर्मणा; कर्मणा पितृलोकाः, विद्यया देवलोकः; देवलोको वै लोकानां श्रेष्ठः, तस्माद्विद्यां प्रशंसन्ति। ॥ १६ ॥

atha trayo vāva lokāḥ—manuṣyalokaḥ pitṛloko devaloka iti; so'yaṃ manuṣyalokaḥ putreṇaiva jayyaḥ, nānyena karmaṇā; karmaṇā pitṛlokāḥ, vidyayā devalokaḥ; devaloko vai lokānāṃ śreṣṭhaḥ, tasmādvidyāṃ praśaṃsanti || 16 ||

There are indeed three worlds, the world of men, the world of the Manes and the world of the gods. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 1.5.16

Pitriloka has been translated as 'World of Manes'. Pitris are the ancestors who departed from this world and reside in Pitriloka. One may attain Manushya Loka or Pitri loka or Deva Loka as per their Karma.

3

In Brihadaranyaka Upanishad: Now, these are, verily, the three worlds: the world of men, the world of the Manes and the world of the gods. The world of men can be gained through a son only and by no other rite; the world of the Manes through rites; and the world of the gods through meditation. The world of the gods is the best of the worlds. Therefore they praise meditation.

The world of the Manes means pitris or ancestors and Manes - souls of dead ancestors

And appeasing the Manes is even more important than pleasing the Gods as said in the following verse:

Manu Smriti 3.203. For twice-born men the rite in honour of the manes is more important than the rite in honour of the gods; for the offering to the gods which precedes (the Sraddhas), has been declared to be a means of fortifying (the latter).

In Adition, It is one of 3 runas (debts) we borrow when taking birth as a man - to pitrus, which is repaid by begetting a son doing tarpana/shraddam.

2

‘Yājñavalkya,’ said he, ‘how many kinds of oblations will the Adhvaryu offer in this sacrifice to-day?’

‘Three.’ ‘Which are those three?’

‘Those that blaze up on being; offered, those that make a great noise, and those that sink.’ ‘What does he win through them?’ ‘Through those that blaze up on being offered he wins the world of the gods, for this world shines, as it were. Through those that make a great noise he wins the world of the Manes, for this world is full of uproar. And through those that sink he wins the human world, for this world is lower.’

Verse 3.1.8

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .