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Prajāpati, Anumati, Sinivāli have ordered it. Elsewhere may he effect the birth of maids, but here prepare a boy.-Atharva Veda 6.11.3

There are especial hymns and verses in Vedas which pray for the birth of a son like Atharva Veda 3.23.

Be not divided; dwell ye here; reach the full time of human life.
With sons and grandsons sport and play, rejoicing in your happy
home, -Atharva Veda 14.1.22;

I cook the offering, I present oblation: only my wife attends the holy service. A youthful world, a son hath been begotten. Begin a life that brings success and triumph. -Atharva Veda 12.3.47

Unmarried men desire to wed; bountiful givers wish for sons. Together may we dwell with strength unscathed for high prosperity. --Atharva Veda 14.2.72

Wise, teaching, following the thought of Order, the sonless gained a grandson from his daughter. Fain, as a sire, to see his child prolific, he sped to meet her with an eager spirit. --Rig Veda 3.31.1

Above verses only emphasise on son over daughter. Are there any verses which pray for daughters too?

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    because lineage (gotra) is continued through son, not daughter. only sons can perform tarpana/shraddha for pitrus. whether they will do it or not nowadays is a different matter.. but there is also great reward for begetting a daughter, because if you do kanya-daan to a valid brahmachari who learned vedas, then you go to brahma-loka. you won't go to brahma loka if you arrange marriage of your son. – ram Jun 14 '17 at 4:19
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    the mantra - 'kanya kanaka sampanna.. brahma loka jigeeshaya' - not sure which sutras have this – ram Jun 14 '17 at 4:24
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    @Ajay Yes. Kanya Danam takes parents to Brahma Loka, highest loka as per Vedas. In Andhra, certain castes adopt maidens (if they don't have daughters) at time of marriage, to get benefit of Kanya Daanam. – The Destroyer Jun 14 '17 at 5:29
  • @ram these claims are not true. – Rakesh Joshi Jun 14 '17 at 9:20
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    Gandhari: But I should be very happy if a daughter were born of me over and above these hundred sons and junior to them all. My husband then may attain to those worlds that the possession of a daughter's sons conferreth. ~sacred-texts.com/hin/m01/m01117.htm – YDS Aug 19 '18 at 4:12
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It is not that the Vedas only praise the birth of a male child alone. There are instances where female progeny is also praised. Further, it is important to know that the word "putra" does not necessarily mean only male child but could mean child in general. Similarly in many places word "man" does not only indicate men but all of the mankind including men and women.

O Brahman, let there be born in the kingdom the Brahman illustrious for religious knowledge; let there be born the Râjanya, heroic, skilled archer, piercing with shafts, mighty warrior; the cow giving abundant milk; the ox good at carrying; the swift courser; the industrious woman. May Parjanya send rain according to our desire; may our fruit-bearing plants ripen; may acquisition and preservation of property be secured to us. (Shukla Yajurveda 22.22)

My Sons are slayers of the foe, my Daughter is a ruling Queen: I am victorious: o’er my Lord my song of triumph is supreme. Rigveda 10.159.3

With sons and daughters by their side they reach their full extent of life, Both decked with ornaments of gold. R.V 8.31.8

With many a son, father of many daughters, He clangs and clashes as he goes to battle. Slung on the back, pouring his brood, the Quiver vanquishes all opposing bands and armies. R.V 6.75.5

Some scholars have attempted to prove the daughter as an unwelcome member of the family but it’s absolutely against the tenets of the Vedas which suggest quite the opposite to these claims. In subsequent ages women have been denied the privilege of Upanayana too which is not in accordance with the vedic injunctions. See the following quotes from the gRhya sUtras: (Which are the practical manuals for conducting the Vedic rites and rituals)

Parents desirous of obtaining a daughter perform the KAmya ShrAddha on the second day of the moon (Gobhila ParishiSTa ShrAddha Kalpa [Calcutta ed.p.186] ## PAraskara GRhya Sutra 1.21 )

When a husband is desirous of having a daughter, he should touch all the fingers of his wife except her thumb during the marriage ceremony. (AshvalAyana GRhya SUtra 2:125, Apastamba GRhya SUtra यदि कामयेत स्त्रीरेव जनयेयमित्यङ्गुलिरेव गृह्णीयात् 6:12)

Wishing for a daughter, the husband shows the bride the Dhruva and other constellations ( kAthaka Grhya Sutra commentary जीवन्तीं कन्यामिच्छन् ध्रुवादिकं दर्शयेत् 2 :1-2 )

So it is very obvious to a discerning person that the girl child was never disliked or unwelcome in the household. In fact special prayers and propitiations were conducted to have a girl in the family!

  • How does this answer the question: "Are there any verses which pray for daughters?" E.g., AV 6.11 ("An epithalamian charm to ensure the birth of a boy") is clearly praying for male offspring. Are you saying it's a translation error so same prayer works for girl child? – sv. Jun 14 '17 at 15:15
  • @sv. I have cited verses which pray/wish/glorify the birth of a female child !! what is the confusion ? – Rakesh Joshi Jun 14 '17 at 15:18
  • 'glorify the birth of a female' - yes, I see some in your answer, but isn't OP asking for specific verses similar to AV 6.11? Maybe you can edit your answer and move such verses to the beginning? – sv. Jun 14 '17 at 15:45
  • @sv. Let the OP talk himself there is no need of proxies. Look at the grihya sutra references for more clear prayer for a specific ritual like kaamya shraddha. – Rakesh Joshi Jun 14 '17 at 16:07
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    Very nice answer thanks for sharing these verses! – Dr. Vineet Aggarwal Sep 5 '18 at 5:47
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There is a verse in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 6.4.17 , Which says -

अथ य इच्छेद्दुहिता मे पण्डिता जायेत , सर्वमायु-रियादिति,
तिलौदनं पाचयित्वा सर्पिम्षन्तमश्रीयाताम् ; इश्वरौ जनयितवै ||१७||

He who wishes that daughter to be born to him who would be a scholar and attain a full term of life , should have rice cooked with sesamum.

Now its clear from above verses that people from Vedic period also wish a daughter child to be born to them. And this hymn shows the way to those who Want their daughters to become a scholar and live a long life .

There is no instance in Rug-Veda where the birth of a girl child was considered inferior.

It indicates that the position of a girl in Rig Vedic times was not considered a low. Very few number of verses regarding this matter perhaps indicative that society in need of larger number of male warriors to ensure its survival.


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    I dont want to sound rude, but out of pure interest: is this verse to be taken literally? – downrep_nation Jun 14 '17 at 10:45
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    My question now is the same Upanishad ask to beat women just few verses before. – user9554 Jun 14 '17 at 10:46
  • @downrep_nation - Well its personal view.But i think its sure not a spell or remedy kind of verse , so it should be taken in positive way , that society needs Boys as well as girls both to flourish. – SwiftPushkar Jun 14 '17 at 10:49
  • @Ajay - I appreciate your inquiry. But i think you should ask a separate question. Then both will be separate questions , because that one is concerning about women i.e. after the stage of birth of girl child. And current one is of asking / praying for a girl child. – SwiftPushkar Jun 14 '17 at 10:53
  • @Ajay - That beating is mild one and symbolic just for cursing purpose. – SwiftPushkar Jun 14 '17 at 11:04
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Atharvaveda 12.3.47

I cook the offering, I present oblation: only my wife attends the holy service. A youthful world, a son hath been begotten. Begin a life that brings success and triumph.

Clearly. the term used in past tense. It does not refer to a thing that is going to happen.So, this cannot be considered as prayer.

Atharvaveda 14.2.72

“Unmarried men desire to have a wife , married men desire for an offspring (child of any gender)

There is no prayer for son here.

Atharva Veda 3.23

Read the fourth line first:

With that auspicious general flow wherewith the bulls propagate their kind, Do thou obtain thyself a son: be thou a fruitful! mother-cow.

Does this look like getting a male child from cow and bull?? Looks wired? Not at all. The male animal here is the spiritual insight reflecting the spiritual eye concept. This is not at all or humans. This is a metaphor.

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