What are some military formations and strategies used in Mahabharata war at Kurukshetra?

I heard Padma Vyuha was a famous one, From wikipedia

Padmavyūha, is a multi-tier defensive formation that looks like a blooming lotus (padma, पद्म) when viewed from above. Very famous because of the warriors at each interleaving position would be in an increasingly tough position to fight".

Who were the warriors capable of fighting in Padma Vyuha?

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  • Is this a sub question "Who were the warriors capable of fighting in the Padmavyuha?" – Sarvabhouma Jul 6 '17 at 13:20
  • You might know, Mahabharata and Kurukshetra war are one and the same. – Sarvabhouma Jul 9 '17 at 6:29
  • @SreeCharan, I know. Here kurukshetra means Place where War happened. – CR241 Jul 9 '17 at 7:00

I have found an interesting list of all the strategies used in the twelve days of battle. Usually, one side chose a specific strategy at the start of the day, to which the other side reacted by choosing their counter-strategy.

  1. Chakra vyuha – formation of concentric circles in layers.
  2. Shakata vyuha – formation of a cart wheel
  3. Mandala vyuha – circular formation ( don't know how this is different from the above)
  4. Urmi vuyha – formation resembling ocean’s waves
  5. Sarvatobhadra vyuha – meaning “safe on all sides” – seems to have been a kind of square array in which the troops faced all the points of the compass (as per KMG interpretation)
  6. Garuda vyuha (Garuda – The Mighty Bird).
  7. Krauncha vyuha ( Krauncha is bird with a sharp pointed beak)
  8. Vajra vyuha ( in the shape of the thunderbolt)
  9. Suchimukha vyuha ( formation in the shape of a needle)
  10. Padma vyuha (formation of a blooming lotus)
  11. Sura & Asura vyuha hv been mentioned as well (cant interpret how they were)
  12. ArdhaChandraakara vyuha (crescent shape)
  13. Makara vyuha ( crocodile-shaped)

From: Military Formations in Mahabharata

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