What do Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva do after 1 Kalpa when Brahmadev goes to sleep ?

As per this answer a day of Lord Brahma is

4,320,000 years * 1000 = 4,32,00,00,000 years is 1 day of Brahma (1 Kalpa).

After which Lord Brahma goes to sleep. When Lord Brahma goes to sleep then every thing turns into dark. Which will exist for same period i.e for 1 kalpa ?

When everything goes in dark then what exactly Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva do? Do they go to sleep or something else?

  • @KeshavSrinivasan does it mean Lord Vishnu is in sleeping position and Lord Shiva is doing Tandava dance. Commented Jul 24, 2017 at 12:41
  • @PraveenGaikwad Yeah, it does. Commented Jul 24, 2017 at 12:57
  • @KeshavSrinivasan if Lord Vishnu goes to sleep then who is going to preserve janaloka and above loka. coz if Vishnu goes to sleep then it is going to be a big problem for soul residing in jana loka and above loka. Commented Jul 25, 2017 at 11:52
  • @KeshavSrinivasan I don't think Lord Vishnu is sleeping and Shiva is doing tandav. There might be something else Commented Jul 25, 2017 at 11:53
  • What do you think Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva are doing now? Whatever they are doing now, they will do after the day of Brahma provided that some other lokas are still there.
    – Pinakin
    Commented Jul 26, 2017 at 6:56

1 Answer 1

4,320,000 years * 1000 = 4,32,00,00,000 years is 1 day of Brahma ...

First of all, as per the original verse found in Moksha Dharma Parva -- page 177 -- verse 20, there is no mention of "celestial years". Hence 1 cycle of 4 Yuga-s is 4800 + 3600 + 2400 + 1200 = 12000 years.

चत्वार्याहुः सहस्राणि वर्षाणां तत्कृतं युगम्। तस्य तावच्छती संध्या संध्यांशश्च तथाविधः ।।२०।।
Four thousand celestial years is the duration of the first or Krita age. The morning of that cycle consists of four hundred years and its evening is of four hundred years.

The Brahma's day is said to be sahastra such yuga cycles. Now Sanskrit word sahastra may mean "thousand" or "so many". But "so many" is subjective, it can mean anything less than or more than 1000. If we choose 1000, then the total duration of day/night will be 12000000 = 12 million years. So Brahma's full cycle will be 24 million years.

The learned say that these twelve thousand years constitute what is called a yuga. A thousand such yugas compose a single day of Brahman. The same is the duration of Brahman's night.

What do Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva do after 1 Kalpa when Brahmadev goes to sleep ?

Since you haven't tagged your Qn as "mythology", I am answering this from regular perspective. Trinity of lords -- Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva (not Shankara), should be interpreted as supreme reality -- what is known as Brahman in Gita. This Brahman is said to be neither existent nor non-existent, yet immutable.

The relative "creation" & "destruction" happens during Brahman's day. However, during its night nothing remains. Gita doesn't use word "destroy" for this. It just uses "Avyakta" .. i.e. "unmanifest" or "inexpressible".

To answer your Qn: Absolutely nothing remains, this includes Brahman (trinity) itself. However to express this, the word Nirguna Brahman is used, which means "inexpressible". Everything merges back to the truest nature of Brahman, which is also called liberation (see the combined meaning of BG 9.7 & BG 14.2).

BG 8.17, 8.18, 8.19 - Knowing that thousand eras constitute a day of Brahman, [and] thousand eras complete a night, are the people who know day, [and] night. On arrival of day, all manifestations originate from "Unmanifest"; On arrival of night they annihilate into [what is] known as "Unmanifest" only. This [same] elementary world only happens again & again; Annihilates upon arrival of night, [and] originates upon arrival of day.

You may refer this anwser for further clarifications.

  • unmanifest is the state of deep sleep. Commented Jul 28, 2017 at 5:43
  • @Fire. there are differences of interpretations. For this answer, I am following Gita's translation. For example, "BG 9.4 - This whole world is pervaded by Me in My unmanifest form. All beings exist in Me, but I am not contained in them!" -- means the world exists (i.e. day) during "unmanifest" form. Now this cannot be "deep sleep", because world exists during the day. Another meaning of "unmanifest" is also beyond "unmanifest" -- "BG 8.20 - But different from that "unmanifested", is the another eternal "unmanifest" reality, which is not destroyed when all beings are destroyed."
    – iammilind
    Commented Jul 28, 2017 at 5:48
  • "Everything merges back to the truest nature of Brahman, which is liberation." I think the liberation is totally different thing. Dissolution should not be interpreted as liberation. Liberation or Moksha is the permanent or ultimate liberation from Samsara (and not limited to Kalpa).
    – Pandya
    Commented Jul 28, 2017 at 5:54
  • @Pandya, According to "BG 9.7 - at the end of Brahman's day, everything assumes 'My' nature". From verse "BG 14.2 - assuming 'My' nature (saa-dharma) is the supreme state". So at least in that context, "liberation" seems guaranteed for everyone. probably what you mean is "self realisation". That's a subset of "liberation". Not everyone may attain "self realisation" followed by "liberation". But everything attains "liberation" for sure. Else the Brahma's day would not finish.
    – iammilind
    Commented Jul 28, 2017 at 5:58
  • So you believe Kali Yuga is already over ? The various scholars who say we are in year 5000+ of kali are wrong ?
    – ram
    Commented Jul 28, 2017 at 7:06

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