14

Are there any verses from Vedas and the Upanishads that show Lord Vishnu as supreme?

  • 1
    This answer gives some of the Vedic mantras to which Lord Vishnu is the devata as well as the seer. – Sarvabhouma Jul 30 '17 at 11:01
24

Yes, Rig Veda (1.22.20) makes it very clear that it is Vishnu who empowers all the heavenly Devas extolled and glorified in the Vedas.

Vishnu occupies the paramount position. All the other deities look always to His feet.

Rig Veda 10.113.2 states:

Vishnu is glorified because of who and what He intrinsically is. Indra, on the other hand, is only glorious circumstantially.

Rig Veda 1.156.2 states:

Vishnu is the most ancient of all, yet also the most recent. Nothing and no one creates Vishnu, yet Vishnu creates everyone and everything.

The Narayana Suktam of the Yajurveda states:

Narayana is the Lord of the universe. This master is the ruler of himself. He is the eternally auspicious one and he is constant and unchanging. This Narayana is the highest thing to be known. He is the inner-psyche of all. He is the supreme object and the highest goal of attainment.

Narayana is the supreme Brahman. Narayana is the supreme Reality. Narayana is the supreme Light. Narayana is the supreme Self. Narayana is the most excellent meditate and meditation.

The Narayana Upanishad states:

The supreme person Narayana willed to create beings. From Narayana emerged the life principle.

From Narayana emerged the mind and all the senses. From Narayana, came Vayu, Surya, Varuna and Prithvi, which became the constituents of the Universe.

From Narayana came Brahma. From Narayana emerged Maha-Rudra. From Narayana came Indra.

From Narayana came all the Prajapatis. From Narayana came the twelve sons, the eight Vasus, the Rudra and all the Vedas.

All beings emerged from Narayana. Narayana sustains all beings. Every being merges into Narayana. Narayana is the eternal principle.

Brahma is Narayana. Shiva is Narayana. Indra is Narayana. Earth and Heaven are Narayana.

Time verily is Narayana. Directions are Narayana. The upper world is Narayana. The nether world is Narayana. Narayana forms the inner as well as the outer worlds.

Everything is a manifestation of Narayana. He is both past, present and future.

Narayana is immaculate, ever blissful, blemishless and non-dual. Narayana is the Supreme Self without a moment. This is declared by the Yajurveda. Narayana, who is also known as Vishnu, pervades the whole universe and it is He alone who exists.

Later on, the same Upanishad also states:

The seat of Narayana is the lotus of the heart. The knowledge of Narayana alone is the highest form of wisdom. Sri Krishna, the son of Devaki, who is the vanquisher of Madhu is the ultimate Brahman. He alone resides in all beings. He is both the causeless and the cause of everything.

6

Both Purusha Suktam The primordial diety in rig Veda and Narayana Suktam the Para Brahman of Yajur Veda are addressed to Lord Vishnu.

Both of those suktams alone outweigh any other hymns to any other devas in any of the four Vedas.

Also the Vishnu who is one among the Adityas- one of the son of Aditi is not Lord Vishnu himself but the Vamana avatar which was born to Aditi, Vishnu name in rig Vedic samhitas are used for two different deities. One for adityas and other for lotus feet, Sudarshan bearing Vishnu.

Vishnu 12 among the Adityas is Vamana, while the yajnapati vishnu in rig Veda(Brahmana portion) is addressed to Laxmi Pati Vishnu, and Purusha Sukta is also addressed to Laxmipati Vishnu.

Aitareya Brahmana 1.1.1 –

agnirvai devanamavamo vishnuh paramah tadantara sarva devatah

“Agni is the lowest and Vishnu is the highest among devas. All other gods occupy positions that are in between.”

Taittiriya Samhita 5.5.1 –

aniravamo devatAnAM viShNuH paramaH

Vishnu is the supreme amongst devatas.

Vishnu is celebrated as yajnapati, in Vedas, purusha sukta also calls purusha as yajnapati as well as the husband of Laxmi which makes it clear that it is being addressed to Lord Vishnu.

Two Shrutis never contradict each other, the Sri sukta also calls Laxmi the consort of Vishnu.

  • Wait what's with the downvotes? Is my answer wrong or something. – Anubhav Jha Jan 20 '18 at 17:37
  • May be u would like to answer hinduism.stackexchange.com/q/22677/12304 – YDS Jan 20 '18 at 20:17
  • 6
    There's nothing wrong with the answer. The downvotes are probably from those who don't like your content which says Vishnu is highest among the devas. So, chill. – Sarvabhouma Feb 2 '18 at 17:35
  • 1
    What about एकं सद् विप्रा बहुधा वदन्ति? Vishnu does not necessarily mean the Four-armed form. The yoga upanishad says that naada with mind disolves in Vishnu. Vyapakatwat Vishnur means that the God without form is also called Vishnu. – user17294 Jan 17 at 17:13
5

Narayanatharbasir Upanishad:

It is from Narayana only that everything is generated, by Him only everything is maintained and in Him only everything is annihilated. Therefore Narayan is eternally existent. Whatever is there it is nothing but Narayana—everything that is now in existent and everything that will be created in future also. Narayana is the unadulterated Deity and there is only Narayana and nothing else.

Narayana Upanishad:

"From whom everything is emanated. The whole universe is emanated.

Bhagavat Purana (11.3.34-35)

**—Brahman and Paramatma are synonyms of Narayana. Oh you who are conversant in the transcendental knowledge be unto Him. He is the cause of all causes in the matter of creation, maintenance and destruction. He is present in all stages of manifestation, non-manifestation and potential. All functions of the body and senses including the pulsating heart everything conducted by Him only and everything is kept in action and for this reason He is the King of all living creatures.

Narayana Suktam from YajurVeda:

Patim viswasyaatma-eesvara(gu)m saasvatagum sivamachyutam | Naaraayanam mahaagneyam viswaatmaanam paraayanam |

Narayana is the Lord of the universe. This master is the ruler of himself. He is the eternally auspicious one and he is constant and unchanging. This Narayana is the highest thing to be known. He is the inner-psyche of all. He is the supreme object and the highest goal of attainment.

Naaraayana param Brahma tatvam naaraayanah paraha | Naaraayana paroe jyotihi aatmaa Naaaraayanaha paraha | naaraayana paroe dhyaata dhyaaanam Naaraayanaha paraha |

Narayana is the supreme Brahman. Narayana is the supreme Reality. Narayana is the supreme Light. Narayana is the supreme Self. Narayana is the most excellent meditate and meditation.

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .