In a website, I found a verse supposedly from the Mahabharata where Lord Krishna drinks alcohol along with Arjuna:

उभौ मध्वासवक्षिप्तावुभौ चन्दनरूषितौ ।
स्रग्विनौ वरवस्त्रौ तौ दिव्याभरणभूषितौ ॥
(I saw) both of them (Krishna and Arjuna) drunk with Madhvâsava (sweet spirituous liquor made from honey), both adorned with sandal paste, garlanded, and wearing costly garments and beautiful ornaments.” (Mahabharata - Udyoga, LVIII. 5)

However, I was unable to locate the verse in the Mahabharata (translated by K.M. Ganguli) Udyoga Parva LVIII. Is it truly from the Mahabharata. Is the translation correct? I have heard Sanskrit words can have multiple meanings. If it truly means a liquor and indeed located in the Mahabharata, why would Lord Krishna drink something that is not Satvic?

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    There is no such verse in udyoga parva 58.
    – user9554
    Sep 13, 2017 at 14:49
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    Question to ask is what is Madhvâsava and how exactly is it prepared?
    – Just_Do_It
    Sep 13, 2017 at 15:18
  • @Ajay Yes you are right. I also couldn't find it. I gonna change my question slightly.
    – user9969
    Sep 13, 2017 at 16:15
  • @Ajay Yes, even I can't believe it. And you know where I found it apart from that website? From the Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda Volume 5. Lol.
    – user9969
    Sep 13, 2017 at 16:25
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    Yes, but what is wrong here. Actually God's being inebriated is seen as a thing of beauty. E.G. Brahmaanda Puraanam, Uttrakhanda, 5th Chapter- when Vishnu Mohini's beauty was being described, then, She was called " One Whose eyes are Rolling due to Inebriation"- स्फुरच्चंद्रकलोत्तंसा मदालोलविलोचना।67॥ - She who has lustrous Chandra as her head diadem, She Whose Eyes are Rolling due to Intoxication".
    – user9392
    Sep 13, 2017 at 17:30

2 Answers 2


The verse you're referring to occurs in chapter 59 of the Udyoga Parva of the Mahabharata. The context is Sanjaya relaying to Dhritarashtra what transpired when he went to the Pandavas to deliver a message before the war:

Listen, O king, as I tell thee the state in which I found Krishna and Dhananjaya. I will also, O Bharata, tell thee what those heroes said; O king, with looks bent down and hands joined together, and with senses well restrained, I entered the inner apartments for conferring with those gods among men. Neither Abhimanyu nor the Twins can repair to that place where are the two Krishnas and Draupadi and lady Satyabhama. There I beheld those chastisers of foes, exhilarated with Bassia wine, their bodies adorned with garlands of flowers. Attired in excellent robes and adorned with celestial ornaments, they sat on a golden dais, decked with numerous gems, and covered over with carpets of diverse texture and hue. And I beheld Kesava's feet resting upon Arjuna's lap while those of the high-souled Arjuna rested upon the laps of Krishna and Satyabhama. Partha then pointed out to me (for a seat) a foot-stool made of gold. Touching it with my hand, I seated myself down on the ground. And when he withdraw his feet from the foot-stool, I beheld auspicious marks on both his soles. Those consisted of two longitudinal lines running from heels to fore-toe, O sire, endued with black complexions, of high statures, and erect like Sala trunks, beholding those youthful heroes, both seated on the same seat, a great fear seized me. They seemed to me to be Indra and Vishnu seated together, though Duryodhana of dull sense knoweth it no consequence of his reliance on Drona and Bhishma and on the loud vaunts of Karna. That very moment, I was convinced that the wishes of Yudhishthira the just, who had those two for obeying his orders, were certain to succeed.

And just in case someone thinks Krishna and Arjuna did something sinful, in this excerpt from his Tantra Vartika, the Purva Mimamsa Acharya Kumarila Bhatta makes clear that Krishna and Arjuna drank the kind of alcohol allowed for Kshatriyas, not the kind that is forbidden:

Then remains the case of Krishna and Arjuna being drunk with wine, ... being [an] instance[] of [a] direct transgression[] of the law. But it is only the wine distilled from grains, which is called "Sura," that is prohibited for the three higher castes; says the Smriti: "Sura is the impure essence of the grains at it is spoken of an impure; hence the Brahmana, Kshatriya and the Vaishya should never drink Sura." As for the particular wines "Madhu" (wine distilled from certain fruits, as grapes and the like), and the "Sidhu" (that distilled from molasses), these are not prohibited for the Kshatriya and the Vaishya, as "all intoxicating drunks" have been prohibited for the Brahmana alone.

Though there as a passage that declares - "all the three kinds of wine, the Gaudi (that distilled from molasses), Paishthi (that distilled from grains) and Madhvi (distilled from fruits), being the same, they should not be drunk by the Brahmavadis," - yet here the word "Brahmavidi" should be taken as denoting the Brahmanas only, as the word literally means "one who is capable of teaching Brahma", or "whose duty it is to teach Brahma", or "whose excellence lies in such teaching", and as the root "Vada"' is synonymons with "Bru" such duties are distinctly restricted to the Brahmana alone, by such texts as - "from among the three higher castes, the Brahmana, alone should teach". And it has also been pointed out in connection with the vilificatory Arthavada, that are taken along with the prohıbıtıon of wınes ın general, that the Brahmana, deluded under the influence of wine, might do many such things as should not be done which shows that wine in general is prohibited for the Brahmana only. Hence we take the passage-"All the three kinds of wine, &c.," to mean that just as the one, Sura distilled from grains, is not drinkable by the three higher castes, so are all the three undrinkable by the Brahmana. Otherwise, if the sample prohibition of wine in general were meant, then the words "Yathaiva, &c.," and "Brahmavadibhih" would be totally redundant. The mention of "the three castes" we shall supply from out of another verse. For this reason, the fact of Krishna and Aruna - both Kshatriyas - being intoxicated with Madhu (grape wine) is in no way a transgression of the law.

And, as a matter of fact, we have Vedic texts that distinctly show (1) that the prohibition of wine is for others (i. e., Brahmanas), and also (2) that it is distinctly permissible (in the case of others). For instance, (1) "That which was impure came out afterwards, wine is that ampurity, this became attached to the Kshatriya, hence it is that superiors, daughters-in-law, and the father-in-law drink the wine and go on talking; evil indeed is impurity, hence the Brahmana, should not drink the wine; lest he be attached to evil", and (2) "The Kshatriya should say to the Brahmana - the drinking of wine does no harm to him who knows this", and this latter is with reference to the "Madhu" and the "Sidhu" (and not the "Sura" which is in no case allowed to anyone else but the Shudra).

And indeed, the Sanskrit verse says "madhvāsavakṣiptāvubhau", so Kumarila Bhatta is right about Madhu being the kind of alcohol consumed.

  • Sanskrit verse is "ubhau madhvāsavakṣiptāvubhau candanarūṣitau । sragvinau varavastrau tau divyābharaṇabhūṣitau ॥" which has word " madhu" and same as what Kumarilla Bhatta saying. You can add it.
    – The Destroyer
    Sep 13, 2017 at 17:19
  • @TheDestroyer OK, I added it. Sep 13, 2017 at 17:26
  • Yes correct. After drinking one gets full of exhilaration and so it is considered a sign of beauty when done by God like when Krishna, Devi, or Shiva, or God do it. Of course when normal human beings drink they act like brutes and illiterates after drinking, so wine drinking was called a sin.
    – user9392
    Sep 13, 2017 at 17:40
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    @AnuragSingh Only for Brahmanas is all drinking prohibited. Kshatriyas can drink certain kinds of alcohol. Sep 13, 2017 at 17:51

uses of madhuca longifolia

I have seen meaning of madhvâsava in spokensanskrit.org which has 2 meanings one is decoction and of honey or blossoms of madhuca longifolia. Decoction means extract from plants in water just like tea decoction. It is considered good for health as shown in pic.

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