In this extra-ordinary simile from Katha Upanishad ,explains the concept of Atman very well:
- Know the âtman as the lord of the chariot, the body as only the chariot, know also intelligence as the driver; know the minds as the reins.
Let us take an example to understand the above simile before I mention the questions. Dheeraj(Atma of Dheeraj) is the lord of the body or the chariot. Dheeraj employs intelligence as the driver. Dheeraj employs mind as the reins. Dheeraj may or may not be able to employ the intelligence in a good way. Dheeraj may or may not be able to use the reins properly.Therefore Dheeraj,the Atma, may or may not be the good lord of the chariot or the body.
So my questions are : can Atma turn out to be good or bad in its ability to control the chariot ?
Or is it that Atma doesn't have any influence over the chariot?
If Atma doesn't have any influence over the chariot then why is it called the Lord of the chariot?