Who are Rishi Asita and Devala
Its said in Kurma Purana -Chapter 19 -that sage Kashyapa performed great penance for sons and as a result of his penance Sage Asita was born.
एतानुत्पादय पुत्रानस्तु प्रजसन्तानकारणात |
चचार सुमहत्तप ||1||
Suta said :- With the desire of begetting more sons for the increase
in the worldly population Kashyapa performed great Tapas for the
continuity of Progeny.
तस्यैवन्तपतोsत्यर्थ प्रादुर्भुतो सुतविमौ |
तावुभौ ब्रह्मवादिनो ||2||
As a result of his performing so severe penances , he produced two
sons namely Vatsara and Asita. Both of them were well versed in Vedas.
So Rishi Asita was son of Sage Kashyapa.
Sage Asita has the distinction of declaring Baby Krishna as eternal divine person , as written in English Translation By Swami Gambirananda Gita verse 10.13
Rishi Asita is also mentioned in Bhagavat Purana
Skandha 11 Chapter 1 – verse 12 – here its said that along with other Rishi’s sage Asita
was called to Vasudeva’s house to perform such auspicious religious activities.And later sent to Piṇḍāraka by Shree Krishna
The Sage Asita and Devala are related as father and son
.The Kurma purana Chapter 9 -Verse 5 -contains following reference about them.
आसितस्यैकपर्णायां ब्रह्मिष्ठ: समपद्यत |
नाम्ना वै देवल: पुत्रो
योगाचार्यो महातप: ||5||
Asita produced a son who was well versed in Vedas from his wife
Ekaparna .He was known as devala ,who was great preceptor of Yoga as
well as performed great penance.
Rishi Kashayapa Devala is the Rishi of some 20 suktas of Rig-Veda 9.5 to 24 , Asit Kashayapa rishi is substitute Rishi in it.He was the son of the Rishi Asti and Ekaparna and the disciple of Ved-Vyasa .He composed deval smiriti.He is the rishi who cursed Gandharva Huhu to become a crocodile who is the villan of the famous Gaja-grahya Yuddha .
In The Mahabharata Book 9: -Shalya Parva
Mahabharata Book 9: -Shalya Parva - Section 49-50 ,we find the story of Rishi Devala
Vaishampayana said, "In that tirtha lived in days of yore a Rishi of
virtuous soul, named Asita-Devala, observant of the duties of
Domesticity. Devoted to virtue, he led a life of purity and
self-restraint. Possessed of great ascetic merit, he was compassionate
unto all creatures and never injured anyone. In word, deed, and
thought, he maintained an equal behaviour towards all creatures.
Without wrath, O monarch, censure and praise were equal to him. Of
equal attitude towards the agreeable and the disagreeable, he was,
like Yama himself, thoroughly impartial. The great ascetic looked with
an equal eye upon gold and a heap of pebbles. He daily worshipped the
gods and guests, and Brahmanas (that came to him). Ever devoted to
righteousness, he always practised the vow of brahmacarya. Once upon a
time, an intelligent ascetic, O monarch, of the name of Jaigishavya,
devoted to Yoga and rapt in meditation and leading the life of a
Rishi Devala is also described in Shreemad Bhagvat Gita – 10. 13
आहुस्त्वामृषयः सर्वे देवर्षिर्नारदस्तथा।
असितो देवलो व्यासः स्वयं
चैव ब्रवीषि मे।।10.13।।
āhus tvām ṛṣayaḥ sarve devarṣir nāradas tathā asito devalo vyāsaḥ
svayaṁ caiva bravīṣi me
Arjuna said: You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the ultimate
abode, the purest, the Absolute Truth. You are the eternal,
transcendental, original person, the unborn, the greatest. All the
great sages such as Nārada, Asita, Devala and Vyāsa conﬁrm this truth
about You, and now You Yourself are declaring it to me.
It’s said in the Bhagavata Purana that Rishi Devala cursed a Gandharva named HUHU and he became the crocodile of famous Gajendra-Moksha story.
योऽसौ ग्राहः स वै सद्यः परमाश्चर्यरूपधृक् ।
yo 'sau grāhaḥ sa vai sadyaḥ paramāścarya-rūpa-dhṛk
devala-śāpena hūhūr gandharva-sattamaḥ
The best of the Gandharvas, King Huhu, having been cursed by Devala
Muni, had become a crocodile. Now, having been delivered by the
Supreme Personality of Godhead, he assumed a very beautiful form as a
Here is What this ShodhaGanga article says about Rishi Devala -