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Has anyone made a thorough research of the Mahabharata and figured out when this war actually took place with exact astronomical evidence? Are there dates in any other text for the Mahabharata war?

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  • @SeverusSnape I got no help, my question was closed and my edit to this question was also rejected, I have withdrawn the bounty and deleted all my answers and am deleting my account
    – user13262
    Feb 5, 2021 at 7:40
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    @hq545gaarh65665 I will take some time to re-read your post again. However, I am no expert. Regarding the bounty, I noticed it. You really should not have withdrawn it as someone might have added good answers during the bounty period. If possible I will try to improve your question (not this one). Give me some time. Feb 5, 2021 at 8:18

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According to the Surya Siddhanta of astronomer Aryabhata, Kali Yug started in approx. 3102 B.C. This is start date used by Panchang (traditional Indian almanac)

Kali Yug started when Dwapar Yug ended.
Dwapar Yug ended when Sri Krishna left Bhuloka.

Krishna left ~36 years after the war in Kurukshetra, based on Gandhari's curse on Yadava clan, as described in Mausala Parva

This puts approx. date of Mahabharat war ~3140 B.C thereabouts.

Ved Vyas composed Mahabharat Itihaas as a contemporary (he takes part in the events).

Any 'modern' dating by Indologists suggesting dates of 5000 BC, 1000 BC, 1947 AD etc. are bogus and not accepted by Veda/Jyotish scholars (nor the general public).

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    Finally a decent answer:D
    – Adiyarkku
    Feb 2, 2021 at 16:57
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    1947 ad hahaha good humor.
    – user13262
    Feb 2, 2021 at 17:28
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    I have my problem with 3140 bc, Bhishma nirvan has to occur on uttarayan, and in magha shukla ashtami in Rohini nakshatra. As far as I know it can't happen at 3140bce
    – user13262
    Feb 2, 2021 at 17:30
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    @VARUN.NRAO, I said thereabouts, not exactly 3140 B.C. My aim is to establish the antiquity atleast and around 3100+ years ago, For exact dates, probably need to research further
    – ram
    Feb 3, 2021 at 0:19
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    "According to the Surya Siddhanta of astronomer Aryabhata, Kali Yug started in approx. 3102 B.C." -- Can you please provide reference where in Surya Siddhanta, Aryabhatta states this? I want to see exactly these words "3102 B.C.".
    – RamAbloh
    Feb 4, 2021 at 21:13
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According to Wikipedia on Kurukshetra War, 22 November 3067 BCE.

K. Sadananda, based on translation work, states that the Kurukshetra War started on 22 November 3067 BCE.

B. N. Achar used planetarium software to argue that the Mahabharata War took place in 3067 BCE.

- Singh 2010, p. Chapter 7, Pp. 202-252, 302

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    Bheeshma died after Uttarayana started ( around Dec 21st). War must have started atleast 2 months before this as Bheesma was in bed for 58days. I have read most of the past researches. I am looking for scriptural evidence apart from Mahabharata itself.
    – Rama27
    Oct 14, 2017 at 5:17
  • @Rama27 - Bhishma didn't leave his body immediately when Uttarayana started.
    – ram
    Feb 2, 2021 at 16:36
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    I agree with the answer based on research of MM pandit. Feb 3, 2021 at 5:46
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The exact year for the Mahabharata War was given by Pandit Kota Venkatachelam in his book titled The Plot In Indian Chronology. It is 3138 B.C. or 36 years before the start of Kali.

The book contains extensive information on inferring the exact time for different events in Indian history based on the verses in the scriptures. Kota Venkatachelam is also called 'Bharata Charitra Bhaskara' for his knowledge and works on the history of India.

I presented below the first 15 entries from the list in Appendix III, in which the first entry contains the year of the Mahabharata war.

Appendix III starts with the banner We have sufficiently proved in our works the following important dates in the History of Bharat.

Event B.K (Before Kali) or Kali Number of years B.C.
Mahabharata War B.K 36 3138
Coronation of Yudhistira and Yudhistira era begins B.K 36 3138
Birth of Parikshit B.K 36 3138
Coronation of Somadhi in Magadha (Barhadradha Dynasty) B.K 36 3138
Coronation of Brihadbala in Ayodhya (lkshwaku Dynasty) B.K 36 3138
Coronation of 'Gall' in Nepal (Kirata Dynasty who are Kshatriyas by caste) B.K 36 3138
Coronation of Gonanda II in Kashmir (Gonanda Dynasty, Kshatriya,) B.K 37.5 3138
Krishna Niryana --- --- 3102
Kali Era begins --- --- 3102
Coronation of Parikshit Kali 1 3101
Jayabhyudaya Yudhistira era begins Kali 1 3101
Yudhistirakala era or the Saptarshi era or Loukikabda which is still used in Kashmir Kali 26 3076
Death of Parikshit Kali 60 3042
Janamejaya's gift-deed Kali 89 3013
Aryabhat (The Great Astronomer) Kali 360 2742
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I have made my own estimate based on Bhishma Nirvana.

Bhishma Nirvana

6 sa niryayau gajapurād yājakaiḥ parivāritaḥ dṛṣṭvā nivṛttam ādityaṃ pravṛttaṃ cottarāyaṇam

Accompanied by a number of priests he then set out of the city named after the elephant, having seen that the sun ceasing to go southwards had begun to proceed in his northward course.

28 māgho 'yaṃ samanuprāpto māsaḥ puṇyo yudhiṣṭhira tribhāgaśeṣaḥ pakṣo 'yaṃ śuklo bhavitum arhati

O Yudhishthira, the lunar month of Magha has come. This is, again, the lighted fortnight and a fourth part of it ought by this (according to my calculations) be over.

Anushasana Parva, CE 153: 6,28 (Translation)


Now, we see that Magha Shukla Ashtami waa happening on Winter Solstice. This happens to be around 1738 BCE. Give or take 1484 years. So anywhere between 274 BC to 3202 BC.

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