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Valmiki says Rama was born on a Shukla Navami. Distance between Sun and Moon is > 96 deg. He also says Sun is exalted which is in Mesha Rashi( 0 to 30 deg). The he says Moon is in Punarvasu Nakshatra which ends at 93.20 deg from beginning of Aries. So Navami and Punarvasu cannot happen as per the method our Jyotish calculations are done today. Is Valmiki wrong or the way we do jyotish math wrong. I would kindly call upon the jyotish experts on this site to throw some light on this.

Added the exact shlokas from Bala Kaanda chapter 18 below with translation given at valmikiramayan.net

ततो यज्ञे समाप्ते तु ऋतूनाम् षट् समत्ययुः |
ततः च द्वादशे मासे चैत्रे नावमिके तिथौ || १-१८-८

नक्क्षत्रे अदिति दैवत्ये स्व उच्छ संस्थेषु पंचसु |
ग्रहेषु कर्कटे लग्ने वाक्पता इंदुना सह || १-१८-९

प्रोद्यमाने जगन्नाथम् सर्व लोक नमस्कृतम् |
कौसल्या अजनयत् रामम् सर्व लक्षण संयुतम् || १-१८-१०

विष्णोः अर्धम् महाभागम् पुत्रम् ऐक्ष्वाकु नंदनम् |
लोहिताक्षम् महाबाहुम् रक्त ओष्टम् दुंदुभि स्वनम् || १-१८-११

8, 9, 10, 11. tataH yaj~ne samaapte = then, ritual, on completion; R^ituuNaam SaT sam atyayuH = seasons, six, well, passed by; tataH = then; dvaadashe maase = in twelfth, month; chaitre naavamike tithau = chaitra month [April-May], ninth, day;

nakshatre aditi daivatye = star of the day [punarvasu,] whose presiding deity is aditi;

panchasu graheSu swa uccha samstheshu = of five, planets, in their own, highest, positions - in their own cCha sthAna-s, viz., intheir own ascendent positions - meSha, makara, karkaTa, mIna, tula - rAshI-s;

chandra yukta guru karkaTa lagne proudyamane;

karkaTe lagne = in Cancer [of Zodiac]; vaak patiH= when Speech's, Lord [Jupiter]; indunaa saha = Moon, along with; pra udyamane == when raising - when ascendent; [abhijit lagna= advancing daytime];

kausalyaa = Queen Kausalya; jagat naatham = worlds', lord [Vishnu]; sarva loka namaskR^itam = by all, worlds, adored; divya lakshana samyutam = divine, attributes, along with;

viSNoH = Vishnu's; artham = epitome of [not half of Vishnu];

mahaa bhaagam = greatly blessed one; ikshwaaku nandanam = Ikshvaaku dynasty, delight of; lohita aksham = lotus-red, eyes; mahaa baahum = lengthy, armed; rakta oSTam = roseate, lips; dundubhi svanam = drumbeat, voiced; raamam = Rama as; putram = the son; ajanayat = gave birth.

On completion of the ritual, six seasons have passed by; then in the twelfth month, i.e., in chaitra mAsa, and on the ninth day of that chaitra month [April-May], when it is punarvasu nakshatra yukta navamI tithi, i.e., when the ruling star of that ninth day is punarvasu, for which Aditi is the presiding deity; and when five of the nine planets - sUrya, kuja, guru, shukra, shani are in ucCha sthAna-s, namely, when those planets are in ascension in their respective houses - meSha, makara, karkaTa, mIna, tula - rAshI-s; and when chandra yukta guru, karkaTa lagne - Jupiter in conjuction with Moon is ascendant in Cancer, and when day is advancing, Queen Kausalya gave birth to a son with all the divine attributes like lotus-red eyes, lengthy arms, roseate lips, voice like drumbeat, and who took birth to delight the Ikshwaku dynasty and adored by all the worlds, and who is the greatly blessed epitome of Vishnu, namely Rama. [1-18-8, 9, 10, 11]

Twice six months had rolled a way since the great sacrifice was over and, in the first month of the New Year, on the ninth day of the bright fortnight, the Lord of the worlds chose to take human form and sent down half of His essence as the son of Kausalya (thenceforth to be known as Rama), the world-honored One, the crowning glory ot the grand line of Ikshwku, and the sum of all perfections. The constellation Punarvasu, of which Aditi was the regent, was chosen to preside at his birth. The Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn were in ascension in their respective houses. Aries, Capricornus, Cancer, Pisces and the Libra, Jupiter and the Moon were in conjunction ; the rising sign was Cancer. And KausalyA, shone with unparalleled effulgence, even as Aditi when she gave birth to Indra, the lord of the Shining Ones, the Vajra-wielder. - C. R. Sreeniuasa Aiyangar, 1910.

By this configuration of stars the supreme merits of Rama are indicated. atra sa~Nvastara mukha uttaayaNa vasanta caitra maasa shukla pakSha deva nakShatra diva abhijit lagna puNya nakShatraad utkR^iShTa kaale karkaaTaka lagne uccasya graha pa~ncake guru candra yoge shrii raama utpattiH | tasya sarva utkR^iShTataam sakala kalyaaNa guNa abhiramataam sakala shiShTa aadraNiiya sampattim mahaa paraakramam ca suucitam |dharmaakuutam.

  • Yesterday was navami with punarvasu. But bahula paksha. – user1195 Oct 14 '17 at 9:28
  • Navami can happen with Punarvasu when Sun is in Meena Rashi. It cannot happen when Sun is in Mesha Rashi as per the commonly followed Jyotish math. – Rama27 Oct 14 '17 at 10:08
  • It may be useful if you add corresponding verse from Valmiki Ramayana that gives the birth chart of Sri Rama. – Paṇḍyā Oct 14 '17 at 12:32
  • Edited the above with actual sloka. – Rama27 Oct 14 '17 at 13:47
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Some points of view shared from a video of reputed Astrologer KN Rao.

Lets begin with the slokas that you quoted.

ततो यज्ञे समाप्ते तु ऋतूनाम् षट् समत्ययुः | ततः च द्वादशे मासे चैत्रे नावमिके तिथौ || १-१८-८

नक्क्षत्रे अदिति दैवत्ये स्व उच्छ संस्थेषु पंचसु | ग्रहेषु कर्कटे लग्ने वाक्पता इंदुना सह || १-१८-९

प्रोद्यमाने जगन्नाथम् सर्व लोक नमस्कृतम् | कौसल्या अजनयत् रामम् सर्व लक्षण संयुतम् || १-१८-१०

विष्णोः अर्धम् महाभागम् पुत्रम् ऐक्ष्वाकु नंदनम् | लोहिताक्षम् महाबाहुम् रक्त ओष्टम् दुंदुभि स्वनम् || १-१८-११

From the literal meaning of the above slokas, what is observed is -

Bhagavan descended in Chaitra Month, Navami Thithi, Punarvasu Nakshatra, 5 planets in exalted or rashis owned by them (many interpret this as 5 planets in their exalted rashis), Moon with Jupiter in Cancer. The rest do not give astrological points.

So, the only way the conflict you mentioned is possible is by going by Lunar months and not by solar months. WHich means, Sun, in the lunar month of Chaitra, is placed in Meena rashi. KN Rao clarifies this.

Also, a study of the how the year's fruits are judged in any panchanga (Raja, Mantri, Sasyadhipati, Rasadhipati, Nirasadipati etc.) i ahve come to believe that ancient India followed lunar calender rather than the solar one many follow today in the south India. A simple example is that the Raja of the year is determined by the vasara pathi on chaitra pratipada or the lord of the day on which the chaitra pratipada (first lunar day of the lunar year) falls.

The Narada Samhita, chapter 3, sloka 5 also refers the various types of years (solar, lunar etc and states that lunar years can be used to describe years and months (the theory that validates the mundane horoscope made for the year).

Now, this pushes the placement of sun away from exaltation / and its own rashi. But the positions of Guru, Shani, Mars, Venus and Moon still fulfill the requirement that at least 5 planets are there in their own rashi or exalted positions.

Additionally, i recommend you to go through the video, the narada Samhita Chapter 3 and the means how the year's planetary positions are calculated and furnished in the Panchanga.

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