Do the Vedas mention time eras known as Yugas; Satya, Treta, Dvapara, Kali?

Or is it only found in Itihasas and Puranas?

  • RigVeda 1.158.6 mention Yuga, however that's not about Satya, Treta etc. 4 – Paṇḍyā Oct 16 '17 at 12:57
  • Then what's it about? – Ikshvaku Oct 16 '17 at 13:23

Yes, RigVeda mentions about 'yuga' starting with the 'asat yuga' from which deva brought forth the 'sat yuga'.

Ref. RV. 10.72 (2) - ' devana purvye yuge asat sat jayat'.

And RigVeda can tell us what preceded it not of forthcoming as done by some of the finalist scriptures which tell us that 'kali yuga' is the last one and 'sat yuga' will follow it.

  • Which translation? Couldn't find the same here. sacred-texts.com/hin/rigveda/rv10072.htm – Mr. Sigma. Oct 29 '17 at 12:50
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    @Rohit you are right there.I quoted only second line and Griffith translates it as - 'Existence, in an earlier age of gods..... sprang'. He translates "sat/asat" as "existence/non-existence" and "yuga" as "age" that's the differece. I would suggest to consult original even if you don't understand it ,you will get a view of the original world and some time you may have better grasp than any english translation because we are direct descendent of Rigveda. – B.N. Bhaskar Oct 29 '17 at 13:36
  • Can you please translate the appropriate portions of your quote? – Rubellite Yakṣī Jun 5 '18 at 21:04

No,vedas don't mention yugas only smritis mention them even swami vivekananda has said-

Quoting from Works of Swami Vivkananda, Volume 5, Q&A:

Q. — Is the division of time into four Yugas astronomical or arbitrary calculation?

A. — There is no mention of such divisions in the Vedas. They are arbitrary assumptions of Paurânika times.

  • Comments are not for extended discussion; this conversation has been moved to chat. – The Destroyer Oct 16 '17 at 14:56
  • Now, what would you say about this answer? It gave reference from Rig Veda. – Sarvabhouma Oct 28 '17 at 18:40
  • @nog shine even I am little surprised btw I checked griffit s Translation.That translation is talking about the creation rather then yugas,I will also check for other translation. – Karmanya Nanda Oct 29 '17 at 7:18
  • @Sarvabhouma It mentions yuga not the division of time in Yugas which is what was asked to Swami Vivekananda. He mentioned about yugas a lot of time so for sure he knew there are Yugas but as said by him, the division which is found in Puranas has no basis in Vedas whatsoever. – Chinmay Sarupria Feb 9 at 17:51
  • @ChinmaySarupria The question is mention of Yugas only. Saying there are no yugas and quoting Vivekanda is misleading. Even if division of time to be taken, that is also present in Vedas along with names. They have basis in the Vedas. Many things are present in Itiahasas, puranas which are part of Hinduism. Check other answers posted on this same question. Everything need not be to be a part of Vedas. There are different scriptures for different purposes. – Sarvabhouma Feb 10 at 2:25

Vedas do mention kalpas not sure about yugas-

सूरय्याचन्द्रमसौ धाता यथा पूर्वमकल्पयत् I दिवं च पृथ्वीं  च अंतरिक्षमथो स्वः   II  RigVeda 10.190.3  II

"The Ordainer created the sun and moon like those of previous cycles. He formed in order Heaven and Earth, the regions of the air, and light."

Also if you are looking from outside of vedic samhitas then upanishads too mention yugas-

Mundaka Upanishad: (1.2.1)

तदेतत् सत्यं मन्त्रेषु कर्माणि कवयो यान्यपश्यंस्तानि त्रेतायां बहुधा सन्ततानि । तान्याचरथ नियतं सत्यकामा एष वः पन्थाः सुकृतस्य लोके ॥ १॥

That truth is this, that what observances the seers comprehended from the three Vedas and were practised intensely during the Treta yuga, you should also practise with devotion. Oh! Seekers of Truth! That is your path which will lead you to the world of those of meritorious deeds. (1).

  • I'm not sure how the quote is relevant to the question at hand. – Rubellite Yakṣī Jun 5 '18 at 21:14
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    You are confusing Kalpa with Mahayuga. A mahayuga has 4 yugas. A manvantara = 71 Mahayuga. 14 Manvantara = 1 Kalpa. The question is about Yugas and not Kalpa. – Sarvabhouma Jun 6 '18 at 4:09
  • @Sarvabhouma ok. – Anisha Jun 6 '18 at 4:43
  • @RubelliteYakṣī kalpas are also time scales in hindusim just like Yuga the above quote mention kalpa s. – Anisha Jun 6 '18 at 5:11
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    The vedic samhitas also dont mention rebirth but we still believe them because of upanishads, if some vivekananda follower says that to reject anything tell him that vedas dont mention rebirth too and neither do they mention any intricate philosophy like bhagvad geeta. – Anisha Jul 19 '18 at 17:14

Vedas quite clearly mention about Yugas. Krishna Yajurveda 4.3.3 does so.

The Taittiriya Samhita mentions the names of 5 Yugas among which we are familiar with 3 of them viz - Krita, TretA and DwApara.

TS mentions Krta Ayana and relates it to spring season and Rishi SAnaga.

Similar triplets mentioned are {TretA, summer and Rishi SanAtana}, {DwApara, rainy season and Rishi Ahabhuna}, {AskandAyana, autumn, Rishi Pratna}, {Abibhu Ayana, winter season, Rishi Suparna}.

So, the 3 Yugas' usual names are quite clearly mentioned. And 2 new Yugas are also found viz - Askanda and Abibhu.

Among which, Askanda is mentioned as the Yuga where Dharma is not practiced. So, this is the Yuga what we know as Kali Yuga from the other scriptures.

And, Abhibhu is mentioned as the Yuga which comes when Askanda ends and the practice of Dharma starts again.

So, "Vedas don't mention about Yugas" is a wrong notion.

The east of the quarters; the spring of the seasons; Agni the deity; holy power the wealth; the Trivrt the Stoma, and it forming the path of the fifteenfold (Stoma); the eighteen−month−old calf the strength; the Krta of throws of dice; the east wind the wind; Sanaga the Rsi. The south of the quarters; the summer of the seasons; Indra the deity; the kingly power the wealth; the fifteenfold the Stoma, and it forming the path of the seventeenfold (Stoma); the two−year−old the strength; the Treta of throws; the south wind the wind; Sanatana, the Rsi. The west of the quarters; the rains of the seasons; the All−gods the deity; the peasants the wealth; the seventeenfold the Stoma, and it forming the path of the twenty−onefold (Stoma); the three−year−old the strength; the Dvapara of throws; the west wind the wind; Ahabuna the Rsi. The north of the quarters; the autumn of the seasons; Mitra and Varuna the deity; prosperity the wealth; the twenty−onefold the Stoma; and it forming a path of the twenty−sevenfold (Stoma); the four−year−old the strength; the Askanda of throws; the north wind the wind; Pratna the Rsi

  • Abhibhu therefore could be sort of yuga sandhya where kalki reestablishes dharma and Satya yuga starts? – user16618 Dec 27 '18 at 10:32
  • What is meant by fifteenfold, seventeenfold, twenty-sevenfold etc..? – Chinmay Sarupria Feb 9 at 17:48
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    Also how is rainy, autumn, summer season related to any yuga? They come every year let alone a particular yuga. – Chinmay Sarupria Feb 9 at 17:56
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    You are questioning not me here but the Vedas which according to Swami Vivekananda is the only proof .. I don't know how they are related .. they are included to make a triplet..understand this that Vedas are not easy to understand by any means .. @ChinmaySarupria – Rickross Feb 10 at 5:40
  • Very nice answer @Rickross – Viraj Sep 25 at 10:01

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