One of the early propagator of vaishnavism in India who predated Sri rAmAnuja and Sri Madhwa was the propagator of dvaita-advaita, Sri NimbArka. This sect is also known as bheda-abheda.

Whose avatar was he ?

As per popular beliefs or biographies or other texts.

  • According to one site there is a book called Acharyacharitam in which its mentioned that Lord Brahma requested Sudarshan chakra to incarnate as NimbArkacharya. Acharyacharitam 3.37-39. But there is no trace of the book. So not much scriptural evidence is available. If you think its ok ..I will post answer based on Hinduism Today site , which is describing the incarnation story in detail. Nov 19 '17 at 10:33
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    Don't edit questions to add honorifics to OP's post. Do we need honorifics like “Lord” Brahma, “Lord” Shiva & “Maa” Sita .. etc?
    – The Destroyer
    Nov 20 '17 at 4:11
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    @TheDestroyer I think there was a comment of Yogi under this question and Rakesh.. why not add Sri to Ramanujacharya and add it to others? Is there any reason behind it? Nov 20 '17 at 5:45
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    @NogShine It was flagged and i see no offence to Ramanujacharya here as mentioned in his comment.
    – The Destroyer
    Nov 20 '17 at 8:30
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    @NogShine It's will of OP to add Sri before Name and we shouldn't ask reasons. For example, in question Is Sri Ramanujacharya's advent predicted in any scripture?, OP added "Sri" only for Ramanujacharya.
    – The Destroyer
    Nov 20 '17 at 16:46

Acharya Nimbarka was incarnation of Lord Narayan's Sudarshan chakra ,as lord himself sent Sudarshan Chakrs to incarnate the earth to restore Dharma by request of devotees.

The story is compiled from book on Hinduism Today site , where an interesting and detail story of Nimbarkacharya is given.

The story of Nimbarkacharya Nimbarkacharya aka (incarnation) of Sudarshan Chakra happend in the Braj region. The book is presenting excerpts from the ancient hagiography "Nimbarka Vikranti" renderd into english by "Brahmachari Vrajavihari Charan"

The Story - In the Mathura the Main city of Braj region ,Non Hindu rulers built many rich edifices to attract and to convert Hindu people / Sadhus to their religion. People Sadhus stopped following ancient vedic practices. Many of the Ashramas were even in danger.

So a group of Sadhus decided to find solution to this problem. And they went to the last remaning Ashrama of Rishi Aruni ,who was descendents of great Bhrigu Rishi. They told Aruni Rishi about the situation that "Mathura ,Braj & Vrindavan is no longer safe for devotte's. As a solution Aruna Rishi encouraged them to perform "Gopal Yajna" in his ashrama as lord promised that "whenever there is declin of dharma ,he will incarnate to restore it" BG 4.7-8.

In the Vaikuntha Lord Narayana listened to the prayers of Sadhus and

The Lord instructed Shree Sudarshan to incarnate in the Tailanga region ,south of Narmada in the Aruna Rishi's ashram on the southern bank of Godavari river. He will then meet Narad Muni , who would instruct him on the secrets of the scriptures.

And with that knowledge he would have a vision of the supreme Lord in the original eaternal state. And will restore the Dharma.

You must restore Dharma in my lands Badrikavana , Braj ,Vrindavana ,dwaraka. And then lord Sudarshans accepted lord's command

Then Incarnation of Sudarshan Chakra-:

Here at Aruni Rishis ashrama his wife became pregnant. And on full moon of Kartika ,the wife of Aruni Rishi gave birth to a son , thus Sudarshana incarnated on earth. His name was Niyamananda.

The Name NibarkaCharya-: Lord Narayana instructed and dispatched Brahma to signal Niyamanada about his true form.

Once Niyamananda (Sudarshana) by his powers stopped the sun from seting.

Once a Buddhist monk came to his ashrama and told that he is new to area and because the sun already setted he came there. Nityananda offered him the food , but he refused by saying that it's already dark and sun is no more in the sky. But the Niyamananda told the monk that it's because of the thick forest the sun is appearing to be setted. The sun is just behind the trees ,and requested to take the meal. Delighted by knowing that the monk took the meal. And as he took his last morsal the sun immediately disappeared as it was already setted 96 min before. But to the monk ,it appeared as though ,it was just the sunset.

The monk was actually Lord Brahma and seeing the powers of Niyamananda , Brahma reveled hid true form and said. "Lord Brahma told in soothing tone to Niyamananda retracting the commands of lord Narayana "O mighty sudarshana whoes brilliance is equal to thousands of sun's ,revel the divine path to those who are blinded by the darkness of ignorance. You must now accomplishe the goal of your incarnation. And because you have shown me the sun (arka) amidst of neem (Nimba) tree you will be heteforth be known by the name of "Nimbarka"

  • We.should.not say chakra because sudarshana is himself a deity and has individual.mantras and pooja prayogas Nov 20 '17 at 2:48
  • @RakeshJoshi - Agree with youn, but for the sake of understanding , I have used the chakra word. Just for identification purpose.:) Nov 20 '17 at 3:18
  • Yes once in the answer that would be fine... Nov 20 '17 at 3:41

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