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Goddess Ambika is considered the wife of Lord Shiva but here Yajurveda calls Devi Ambika the sister of Lord Shiva:

एष ते रुद्र भाग: सह स्वस्त्राम्बिकया तं जुषस्व स्वाहैष ते रुद्र भाग S आखुस्ते पशु:।।57।।

Rudra, this is thine allotted portion. With Ambika thy sister kindly take it. This, Rudra, is thy share, the rat thy victim. (Shukla Yajurveda 3.57)

So why in this verse Devi Ambika is called sister of Lord Shiva?

Is the translation of this verse correct?

  • I don't have Sanskrit text of shuka yajurveda if someone has the original sanskrit text he can edit the question and post it. – Karmanya Nanda Nov 19 '17 at 10:29
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    Added Sanskrit Shloka. In Shatapatha Brahmana 2.6.2.9 also mentioned so. But it didn't provide the answer.Will try to search. – SwiftPushkar Nov 19 '17 at 12:27
  • Here is the link of Shatapatha Brahmana -wisdomlib.org/hinduism/book/satapatha-brahmana-english/d/… – SwiftPushkar Nov 19 '17 at 12:30
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    Ok but still question is interesting. :) – SwiftPushkar Nov 19 '17 at 13:49
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    @KarmanyaNanda The whole sentence word by word is wrong. as जुषस्व means to enjoy or to like (food/drink) which was translated as kindly take it. Also आखुस्ते पशु: is not rat your victim instead rat your mount – user12262 Nov 19 '17 at 14:16
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To answer the question we must remember that:

First it is Vedic Language which is older than sanskrit. The word संस्कृत comes from संस्कार of the Vedic language made by Panini. So understanding the meaning of the words is next to impossible.

Second, in Sanskrit, स्वसा means sister and there seems to be no word like स्वस्त्रा.However स्वः ((heaven) + त्रा (traanakarini or protector(female)) can be conjoined to सवस्त्रा, which can mean the Mother Goddess.

Third, स्वस्त्रिया in sanskrit will mean 'with own wife'. As the language of the mantra is not sanskrit, it is difficult to say whether its a spelling mistake or not.

By the way according to Tantra, all male are Purusha's form and all females are Prakiti's or Shakti's form. So all relations like sister, wife, Mother etc are included in Shakti.

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protected by Surya Kanta Bose Chowdhury Feb 20 at 15:43

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