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The Wikipedia article suggests that Sita was either from Bihar or Nepal:

Born: Either present-day Sitamarhi district, Bihar, India or Janakpur, present-day Nepal (both the places were part of the Mithila Kingdom)

Another non-verified article suggests that she was from Nepal.
During her second exile, she was sheltered in hermitage of Valmiki. Which geo location did that place belong to?

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Sita was daughter of King Janak, the ruler of the Kingdom of Videhas/Mithila.

In the Ramayana, Sita is the princess from Videha, who marries Rama creating an alliance between the kingdoms of Kosala and Videha. The capital of Videha is believed to be either Janakpur (in present-day Nepal), or Baliraajgadh (in present-day Madhubani district, Bihar, India). During the late Vedic period (c. 900 – c. 500 BCE), Videha became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. Late Vedic literature such as the Brahmanas and the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad both mention Janaka, as a great philosopher-king of Videha, renowned for his patronage of Vedic culture and philosophy, and whose court was an intellectual centre for Rishi (sages) such as Yajnavalkya

Videha kingdom is also called Mithila. Nimi is considered to be the first king of the Videha kingdom and belonged to the Janaka lineage of Mithila. Nimi was the grandson of Manu and son of Ikshwaku. Maithali language of Mithila kingdom is still spoken today in the regions of Bihar and Nepal.

The native language in Mithila is Maithili, and its speakers are referred to as Maithils. The name Mithila is commonly used to refer to the Videha Kingdom, as well as to the modern-day territories that fall within the ancient boundaries of Videha. In the 18th century, when Mithila was still ruled in part by the Raj Darbhanga, the British Raj annexed the region without recognizing it as a princely state. Mithila comprises Tirhut, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Munger, Bhagalpur and Santhal Pargana divisions of India and some adjoining districts of Nepal.

So, there was a Janak lineage of kings of Mithila. All the kings of Mithila including first king Nimi were called Janak as the word Janak means father and the king is a father of his kingdom metaphorically. There had been many king Janaks, one was father of Sita during Treta Yug and another was teacher of Shukadeva, son of Vyasa during Dwapra Yug and another Janak was disciple of Ashtavakra and to whom Ashtavakra Geeta was discoursed. Other king Janaks and their courtyard discussions are mentioned in Vedas.

During her exile, Sita stayed in the Valmiki Ashram which is called Bhagwan Valmiki Ramtirth Sthal today.

Bhagwan Valmiki Tirath Sthal, dedicated to Maharishi Valmiki ji is situated 11 km west of Amritsar on Amritsar Lopoke road. As per the mythological beliefs, The temple dates back to the period of Ramayana and the place is famous for the ashram of sage Maharishi Valmiki. It is the place where the sage gave shelter to Sita, wife of Rama when she was abandoned after the Lanka Victory. The place is birthplace of Lava and Kusha, sons of Ramachandra, in ashrama of Saint Balmiki. The great epic Ramayana is also said to have been written here by Maharishi Valmiki. It is also believed that the fight between Lord Ram Chandra's forces and Lav and Kush had also taken place at Ram Tirth.

It is also known that Lav and Kusha founded the cities of Lahore and Kasur(now Amritsar).

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According to Bala Kanda, after elimination of Subahu and sparing the life of Mareecha by throwing him into Ocean, Sri Rama along with Sage Viswamitra reached the Northern Banks of Ganga and from there he reached the city of Vishala. Thereafter, they reached Mithila, the city of Janaka.

इति उक्त्वा मुनिशार्दूलः कौशिकः स तपोधनः | उत्तराम् दिशम् उद्दिश्य प्रस्थातुम् उपचक्रमे || १-३१-१६

Thus saying farewell to woodland-deities that descendent of Kaushika, namely Vishvamitra, the saint whose wealth is his ascesis started to journey on aiming to reach the northern side of River Ganga.

Sage Valmiki did not narrate explicitly the distances travelled by them for reaching Mithila (at least in Yojanas).

We don't know whether the geographical locations, names of towns of that era remained the same even now also.

Some believe that Nashik is the place, where Surpanakha was disfigured, and some others feel it is near Bhadrachalam, Telangana.

Similarly, the case with the city of Janaka, Mithila, the birth place ofor Sita. Everyone according to one's perception.

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2nd part of the question where did Sita stay during pregnancy?

Sita's pregnancy was mentioned in Uttar Kanda.

It is to be remembered that Uttar Kanda is an interpolated story.

Ramayana ends with coronation of Sri Rama as the king of Kosala Kingdom.

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    The answer has no mention of Sita whom the question is about. – Paṇḍyā May 27 at 1:00
  • @Pandya: Good observation. I'll update it. Thanks – srimannarayana k v May 27 at 1:16

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