I have come across the story of a falcon taking the soma and bringing it to mankind.

So what is the actual story from where the falcon taken it and to whom he delivered it?

Please give vedic verses for story and thenafter from other brahmanas, aranyakas etc.

  • Duplicate of what is the story of Krishanu the archer?. This question is covered in that question too. Commented Dec 7, 2017 at 10:39
  • totally diffrent the user mentioned about the falcon but its main objective is "Krishanu the archer" my objective is the full story of that falcon doesn't it make sense? and it is not answered too yet.;) Commented Dec 7, 2017 at 10:44
  • Answered or not doesn't matter. Questions is asked or not that is what matters. "Why did the falcon steal Soma from the heaven?" is asking the story of the falcon which you are asking.So, it is a duplicate. Moderators can close it. . Commented Dec 7, 2017 at 10:46
  • @NogShine dear friend i am just asking " so what is the actual story from where the falcon taken it and to whom he delivered it? " its totally different i am not asking why he did so?.;) Commented Dec 7, 2017 at 10:52
  • @NogShine Well, hinduism.stackexchange.com/questions/21858/…
    – Pandya
    Commented Dec 8, 2017 at 3:04

1 Answer 1


The story of falcon stealing Soma and bringing it on earth is present in Rig-Veda. The story is not in one place but we can find the story in parts in various mantras from different mandalas. I am providing answer from these mandalas RV 1.80.2 ,RV 1.93.6 ,RV 4.26.4 & 7 ,RV 4.27.3& 4 etc. Here are the Sanskrit Mantras-:

स त्वामदद्वृषा मद: सोम: श्येनाभृत: सुत: ।
येना वृत्रं निरद्भो जगन्थ वज्रिन्नोजसार्चत्रनु स्वराज्यम ।। RV 1.80.2 ।।

O Indra the holder of weapon Vajra. Your joy increased by the Soma juice ( Which increases strength as well as intellect) brought by falcon with great speed. Afterwards you killed the Vritra and removed him from waters.

आन्यं दिवो मातरिश्वा जभारामथ्नादन्यं परि श्येनो अद्रे: ।
अग्नीषोमा ब्रह्मणा वावृधानोरुं यज्ञाय चक्रथुरु लोकम् ।। RV 1.93.6 ।।

O Agni deva and Soma deva ,from you two Agni deva is brought here from Dyu-Loka (Swarga , heaven) by "Maratishwa Vayu"for Bhrigu Rishi. And Soma the second is forcefully brought from mountain top by a falcon.

प्र सु ष विभ्यो मरुतो विरस्तु प्र श्येन: शेनेभ्य अशुपत्वा ।
अचक्रया यत्स्वधया सुपर्णो हव्यं भरन्मनवे देवजु ष्टम् ।। RV 4.26.4

O Marud-Ganas you are more powerful and speedy with compared to Hawks.

The Soma which is offered to gods in yajnas as"Havya" is brought from "Swarga"(Heaven) by the bird (Hawk) of excellent wings with the help of chariot without wheels , for the human beings (Prajapati Manu).

आदाय श्येनो अभरत्सोमं सहस्रं सवां अयुतं च साकम् ।
अत्रा पुरान्धिरजहादरातीर्मदे सोमस्य मुरा अमुर:।। RV 4.26.7 ।।

Then the Shyen Bird (Hawk) took flight , with the aid of thousand Yajnas. After that the Indra ,who has done many excellent good deeds and a knowledgeable one killed many enemies with joy.

अव यच्छेयेनो अस्वनीदध द्योर्वि यद्यति वात ऊहु: पुरान्धिम्।
सृद्यदस्मा अव ह क्षिपज्जां कृशानुरस्ता मनसा भूरण्यन् ।। RV 4.27.3 ।।

While bringing the Soma from Dyuloka the falcon made a loud roar and then the "Soma-Pala's" (Protector's of Soma) tried to take it away the soma which increases the intellect , from him. After that the the "Krishanu" prepared his Bow & sent forth a arrow upon the falcon.

ऋजिप्य इमिन्द्रावतो न भुज्युं श्येनो जभार बृहतो आधी ष्णो: ।
अन्त: पतत्पतत्र्ययस्य पर्णमध यामनि प्रसितस्य तद्वे:।। RV 4.27.4 ।।

As the Ashwini Kumaras abducted "Bhujyu" from the place protected by mighty Indra , in the same way the falcon which flew in straight path stole the Soma from Dyuloka , protected by Indra. At that time from the weapon's of "Krishanu"the falcon got injured and his one wing broke off

प्र श्येनो मदिरमंशुमस्मै शिरो दासस्य नमुचेर्मथान । RV 6.20.6

Pleased by the Soma brought by falcon Indra cut the head of wicked Namuchi

The brief story - The Soma juice was brought from mountain top.of Dyu-loka (Swarga, Heaven) by a falcon having very powerful wings. It was handed down to humans (prajapati manu) by him as offering in Yajnas. Indra and other Soma-Palas were guarding the soma over there , after stealing the soma juice the falcon with the aid of thousand yajnas flew from that place. The guardians of soma resisted to falcon stealing soma. One of the guards called "Krishanu" shot a arrow at the falcon and due to which one wing of the bird broke off .Afterwards Indra slew the Vritra and Namuchi by drinking this soma juice.

Note -:interestingly in the translation of Mandala 10 - Sukta 11-mantra 4 , we can see that this falcon is actually "Surya" the Sun god. Who is called as Suparna (with good wings).

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    very nice and elaborated answer and i knew that the story is told in diffrent verses,hymns and mandalas of rig-veda that's why i put it online. Thanks a lot friend.;) Commented Dec 10, 2017 at 7:27
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    Why is Surya called Suparna? I heard it as Garuda. One with beautiful wings. Commented Dec 10, 2017 at 11:54
  • Nice compilation Pushkar! Commented Sep 4, 2018 at 9:54

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