Vishnu is in Adityas (sons of Aditi) too.

Bhagavad Gita 10.21

आदित्यानामहं विष्णुर्ज्योतिषां रविरंशुमान्।
मरीचिर्मरुतामस्मि नक्षत्राणामहं शशी।।10.21।।

Of the sons of Aditi, I am Vishnu; of the luminaries, the radiant Sun; of the Maruts, I am Marici; of the stars, I am the Moon.

Vamana (an incarnation of Lord Vishnu) is Aditya (son of Aditi) or Upendra (younger brother of Indra). Vishnu is mentioned in Adityas in this question's answer too.

In Rigveda, as more preference is given to 33 koti (type) Devas (12 Adityas, 8 Vasus, 11 Rudras, 2 Ashvins (or Prajapati and Indra in another list) and their family) and not to the Trinity directly (I mean preference is given via a post named Prajapati (to Bhrahma) and Rudra (an incarnation of Lord Shiva)).

So, are there some richas of Rigveda dedicated to Vishnu who is from Adityas and not from Trinity?

English translation of Rigveda 1.22.18 might be talking about Vamana (from Adityas) but not sure. Are there any other richas, as one member of this user has asked this and this question which means there must be some richas which are dedicated to Vishnu from Adityas or Vishnu from Adityas is mentioned in richas which are dedicated to Indra.

And another user of this site replied to my comment on this question that "if it's mentioned as Vishnu in the Vedas then it has to be Vishnu only, if it was Vamana then they could have said Vamana",

What will be the interpretation of Bhagavad Gita 10.21, is this Vishnu from Trinity or Vishnu's incarnation as a son of Aditi?

  • 1
    Yes it seems true Commented Dec 11, 2017 at 12:37

2 Answers 2


The questions are:

  • are there some richas of Rigveda dedicated to Vishnu who is from Adityas and not from Trinity?

  • What will be the interpretation of Bhagavad Gita 10.21, is this Vishnu from Trinity or Vishnu's incarnation as a son of Aditi?

  • The Trinity concept of Puranas,ie., Brahma , Vishnu and Shiva cannot be found in the Veda.

  • Aditi, the mother of Gods, which include Vishnu also, was mentioned so in Rig Veda II.27.7

Mother of Kings, may Aditi transport us, by fair paths Aryaman, beyond all hatred. May we uninjured, girt by many heroes, win Varuṇa's and Mitra's high protection.

  • So Vishnu is one of the Adityas

  • Agni, Indra, Vishnu, etc, are the epithets used in Rig Veda to denote the Almighty. So whatever richas are there for Agni or Indra or Brihaspati, etc, are applicable to Vishnu also.

Rig Veda II.1.3 says

Hero of Heroes, Agni! Thou art Indra, thou art Viṣṇu of the Mighty Stride, adorable: Thou, Brahmaṇaspati, the Brahman finding wealth: thou, O Sustainer, with thy wisdom tendest us.

  • However, there are a few richas for Vishnu also. You can check here and here.

  • If trinity concept is not there, then what Vedas says about creation and nourishment and destruction? I am sure about Rudra being destroyer as per Vedas. What about other twos?
    – TheLittleNaruto
    Commented Dec 19, 2019 at 12:18
  • @TheLittleNaruto: Apart from Rudra, Indra and Brihaspati were also described to have used weapons. In Rig Veda, many words were used in esoteric sense only, but should not be understood in literal sense. Commented Dec 19, 2019 at 13:00
  • Oh so you mean for any act of God be it creation or nourishment or destruction are attributed to other Gods as well and hence no Trinity concept. Did I understand correctly?
    – TheLittleNaruto
    Commented Dec 20, 2019 at 1:48
  • @TheLittleNaruto: Yes, but not to other Gods. Those were the epithets of the Same God. In respect of protection, the God was called Indra, in respect of wisdom, it is called brihaspati, etc. Commented Dec 20, 2019 at 1:59
  • Oh thank you. much clear now. 🙏
    – TheLittleNaruto
    Commented Dec 20, 2019 at 2:24

Absolutely no that is the form of god we know that lord rudra as a partial incration of lord shiva samely lord vishnu may be a form of lord narayana.

The harivamsa of mahabharat gives an thought on this :-

yathA jale jalaM kShiptaM jalameva tu tadbhavet |rudraM viShNuH praviShTastu tathArudramayo bhavet ||2-125-33

As water that falls on water becomes water, when viShNu enters rudra (shiva), he (viShNu) will become full of rudra (shiva).

agnimagniH praviShTastu agnireva yathA bhavet |tathA viShNuM praviShTastu rudro viShNumayo bhavet ||2-125-34

As fire that enters fire becomes fire, when rudra (shiva) enters viShNu, he (rudra, shiva) will become full of viShNu.

there was a movement when arjun asked krishna who are you when he taken his form after vishwrupa the distruction form then god told i am Mahakaal came for distruction of worlds.

so in whole name of lord shiva and lord narayana didn't occoured but lord shankara from 11 rudras and lord vishnu from 12 adityas occoured they are incration of god shiva and god narayana.

see here:—

O son of Pritha, flowed from this Krishna who is Vishwaksena. The Rudras, the Adityas, the Vasus, the Aswins, the Sadhyas, the Viswedevas, the diverse Maruts, Prajapati himself, the mother of the deities, viz., Aditi, and the seven Rishis, have all sprung from Krishna.

—The Mahabharata, Book 13: Anusasana Parva: Section CLVIII

See rudras are said to sprung from krishna. Because both lord narayan and lord shiva are said to create The Rudras, the Adityas, the Vasus, the Aswins, the Viswedevas etc.

Eleven hundred Rudras stood around that Deity of restrained soul and white deeds, then seated upon his bull. All of them were employed in hymning his praises. The Adityas, the Vasus, the Sadhyas, the Viswedevas, and the twin Aswins praised that Lord of the universe by uttering the hymns occurring in the scriptures.

—— The Mahabharata, Book 13: Anusasana Parva: Anusasanika Parva: Section XIV

Rigveda talks about truth and we know that rigveda talk about lord vishnu only not about lord vamana even in vedas lord vishnu is not an aditya.

In vedas i don't think there is mention of 33 gods.

There was itself a vedic trinity of agni, vayu,surya.— https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trimurti

  • So r u saying that in Rigveda, Lord Vishnu is neither Vamana nor Aditya... and still Upendra (junior to Indra or younger brother of Indra)???
    – YDS
    Commented Dec 11, 2017 at 8:49
  • he is not said upendra in vedas @YDS Commented Dec 11, 2017 at 9:57
  • only aranyakas or brahmanas may say this. Commented Dec 11, 2017 at 9:58
  • did u go through the questions which I linked in my question's body... This question is follow up question for those questions...
    – YDS
    Commented Dec 11, 2017 at 9:59
  • I gone through and valmiki ramayana said lord vishnu as upendra and mahemdra but that again i am saying not in vedas after vedas this became popular just before that lord rudra was also unborn same as lord vishnu after that there were two forms of lord rudra one born to prajapati and one immortal. — sacred-texts.com/hin/sbr/sbe43/sbe4330.htm i am just saying that vedas do not call lord vishnu not as an aditya and uoendra but just as a friend to indra who helps him. Commented Dec 11, 2017 at 10:15

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