What are graha and Nakshatras?

Is there any story how they are created?

What are their effects to human?

How many graha and Nakshatras are there?

Is there a specific God for each of them? What are those names of God

  • This post can help you a little.
    – Vishvam
    Dec 19 '17 at 8:54
  • What are their effects on humans? None. Only moon which causes tides on Earth has been shown to have some affect. But again it's limited to tides. Does not affect humans and their personal lives in anyway. Pluto, Neptune and Uranus are not even accounted for in Hindu jyotisha. Clearly it's outdated. Rahu-Ketu are not even planets - they are imaginary points in space. Dec 19 '17 at 22:39
  • Is Shani not effecting people? Dec 20 '17 at 6:24
  • @KailashChandraPolai Shani will defintely cause you bad effects if he is malefic in your kundali. But don't blame Shani for it, it's karma (of previous births) that is showing through Shani. In Hinduism, even Yama, God of death, is God or Deva.
    – The Destroyer
    Dec 20 '17 at 16:15

There are 9 Grahas and 27 Nakshatras.

From Matsya Purana the Navagrahas are:

Adithyaya Somaaya Mangalaaya Budhaayacha
Guru Shukra Sanirbhyascha Rahavey Ketavey Namah ||

Prostrations to the nine planetary deities- Surya, Chandra, Mangala, Budha, Brihaspati, Shukra, Shani, Rahu and Ketu.

They are all Devatas (Gods). Description of Surya and Moon, for example, are as follows:

Padmaasanah Padmakarah Padmagarbha samuddhitah,
Saptaashvah Saptarujjuscha Dwibhujah syaat sadaa Ravih ||

Surya Deva has two hands wearing two lotuses, seated on a lotus flower; his luster is abundant like that of the outside part of a lotus; Surya Deva is comfortably seated on a magnificent chariot driven by Seven Horses.

Swetah Swetaambaradharah Swetaashvah Swetavaahanah
Gadaapaanirdwibaahus cha Kartavyo varadah Shashee ||

Chandra Deva is of white colour, wears white clothes, has white horses, white chariot, with gada/ mace and Varada Mudra or sign of Protection.

Although, Rahu and Ketu were Asuras (demons), but they were later incorporated into the 9 Graha Devatas and are worshiped together with the other 7 as Navagrahas.

The Nakshtras are 27 in number as said earlier. From Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra's 3rd Chapter:

  1. Maitreya: “O Maharishi, you have affectionately explained about the incarnations of Grahas. Now kindly detail their characters and dispositions. 2-3. Parasar: “O Brahmin, listen to the account of placement of the heavenly bodies. Out of the many luminous bodies sighted in the skies some are stars, yet some are Grahas. Those, that have no movements, are the Nakshatras (asterisms). 4-6. Those are called ‘Grahas’, that move through the Nakshatras (or stellar mansions) in the zodiac. The said zodiac comprises of 27 Nakshatras commencing from Ashvini. The same area is divided in 12 parts equal to 12 ‘Rashis’ commencing from Mesh. The names of the Grahas commence from Surya. The Rashi rising is known, as ‘Lagn’. Based on Lagn and the Grahas, joining and departing from each other, the native’s good and bad effects are deducted. Addition from Santhanam till Sloka 7. The names of the 27 Nakshatras are Ashvini, Bharani, Krittika, Rohini, Mrigasira, Ardra, Punarvasu, Pushya, Aslesha, Magha, Purvaphalguni, Uttaraphalguni, Hasta, Chitra, Swati, Vishaka, Anuradha, Jyeshtha, Mula, Purvashadh, Uttarashadh, Shravana, Dhanishtha, Satabhisha, Purvabhadra, Uttarabhadra, Revati.


Yes, each Nakshtra is ruled by one of the Navagrahas. For example, the 1st Nakshtra (Aswini) is ruled by Ketu and the last (Revati) is ruled by Budha.

The complete list is as follows:

  1. Ashvini/Aswini अश्विनी (KetU)
  2. Bharani भरणी (Shukra)
  3. Krittika/Krithika कृत्तिका (Surya)
  4. Rohini रोहिणी (Chandra)
  5. Mrigashirsha मृगशीर्ष (Mangal)
  6. Ardra आर्द्रा (Rahu)
  7. Punarvasu पुनर्वसु (Brihaspati)
  8. Pushya पुष्य (Shani)
  9. Ashlesha आश्ळेषा/आश्लेषा (Budha)
  10. Magha मघा (Again Ketu and the same order given above follows)
  11. Purva Phalguni पूर्व फाल्गुनी
  12. Uttara Phalguni उत्तर फाल्गुनी
  13. Hasta हस्त
  14. Chitra चित्रा
  15. Swati स्वाति
  16. Vishakha विशाखा
  17. Anuradha अनुराधा
  18. Jyeshtha ज्येष्ठा
  19. Mula मूल
  20. Purva Ashadha पूर्वाषाढा
  21. Uttara Ashadha उत्तराषाढा
  22. Shravana श्रवण
  23. Dhanishtha श्रविष्ठा/धनिष्ठा
  24. Shatabhisha शतभिषक्/शततारका
  25. Purva Bhadrapada पूर्वभाद्रपदा/पूर्वप्रोष्ठपदा
  26. Uttara Bhadrapada उत्तरभाद्रपदा/उत्तरप्रोष्ठपदा
  27. Revati रेवती

What are their effects to human?

This is a very broad question and i am not answering it.


What are the effects of grahas and nakṣatras on humans?

None, says Swami Dayananda Saraswati in his book Satyarth Prakash (literally, The Light of Truth).

Persons become rich, poor, kings, and beggars, in consequence of their deeds and works, but not from the influence of stars. Many astrologers perform the marriages of their sons or daughters according to the oracles of astrology, still those marriages become unhappy – quarrels spoil conjugal love, parties turn widows or widowers. Had the astrological conclusions been true, no such thing would have happened. Therefore the fruits of actions are true and the motion of heavenly bodies is not the cause of human pleasure or pain. There is no visible connection between the stars in the sky and the human beings capable of doing works and living on the earth far away from them.

Human beings are the authors and the reapers of the fruits of their actions, and God makes them suffer the consequences of their actions. As you believe in the influence of stars, you should answer the question: When a man is born on a certain time whose horoscope you cast according to the positions of the polar star and other conjunctions, is there any other person born at the same time in the world? If you reply in the negative, it is false. But if you admit it, how is it that the one becomes, say, the universal emperor in the world, and the other does not? Well, if you confess that all this trickery is a shift to earn the bread of idleness, persons will readily believe it.

Swami Vivekananda also thought the same:

I have seen some astrologers who predicted wonderful things; but I have no reason to believe they predicted them only from the stars, or anything of the sort. In many cases it is simply mind-reading. Sometimes wonderful predictions are made, but in many cases it is arrant trash.

  • 2
    Unfortunately 100 of crores of Hindus or more have no reasons to believe what Swami Vivekananda said as true either. :P Actually this is an age old tradition, supported by scriptures (coming out of the Vedangas) and people must be getting benefit out of it too. So, Swamiji or any other don't really have the power or authority to change anything. Also he himself consulted Panjika during his last days to select an auspicious day for departing from this world.
    – Rickross
    Dec 25 '17 at 6:29
  • @Rickross '100 of crores of Hindus or more...' - that's a fallacy called appeal to the masses or the bandwagon fallacy. In the last couple of lines of my first blockquote, Dayananda Saraswati makes a good argument on why astrology cannot be true - two people born at the same time in the same part of the world should have the same kind of life but it can easily proved to be wrong. There aren't very many Vivekanandas or Dayananda Saraswatis. Dec 25 '17 at 6:48
  • I am not saying that it is true because so many people believe it to be so. You do not have to believe it as true and i am not trying to convince you either. I am just saying Swami Vivekananda or any other don't have the power to change anything in this regard, Because it is "pratyaksha phalaprada".So, most people will simply ignore what Swamiji has to say here and that's exactly been the case too.
    – Rickross
    Dec 25 '17 at 6:57
  • @Rickross What's "pratyaksha phalaprada"? Most people I know follow astrology not because it is true but because it fulfills their desires even if it's against their fate after performing some 'remedies'. If astrology works, why are people running to numerology/alphabetology where they change their English names (e.g., Jayalalitha added an extra 'a' to the end of her name). The only way to find out if something is true or not is thru experimentation. Dec 25 '17 at 17:22
  • BTW i just now noticed that ur post received one down-vote. So, don't assume that i am the voter and i am not. It's like getting caught with the murder weapon in hand when someone else has committed the murder :P
    – Rickross
    Dec 26 '17 at 6:26

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