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I've been reading puranas, and at many places the demi gods take part in somapanam which might be some kind of juice or wine, but the word for hard alcohol in Sanskrit is madhu. So my question is whether madhu and soma are the same thing or not.Is there mention of the making procedure of these liquids in puranas? I'm guessing that soma is not alcohol and is some kind of Divine juice.

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Yes anubhav jha soma is not alcohol but divine substance the full book 9 is soma devoted.

Check it out:—

We have drunk Soma and become immortal; we have attained the light, the Gods discovered. Now what may foeman's malice do to harm us? What, O Immortal, mortal man's deception?

Rig Veda: Rig-Veda, Book 8: HYMN XLVIII. Soma

And madhu it is simply honey.

Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, contains a chapter called the Madhu Brahmana and "the secret essence of the Vedas themselves, was called the madhu-vidya or honey doctrine." The fifth brahmana of the second chapter introduces the Madhu theory , thus giving this section of the Upanishad the ancient name Madhu Khanda .

There is nothing alcoholic

FIFTH BRAHMANA

I. This earth is the honey (madhu, the effect) of all beings, and all beings are the honey (madhu, the effect) of this earth. Likewise this bright, immortal person in this earth, and that bright immortal person incorporated in the body (both are madhu). He indeed is the same as that Self, that Immortal, that Brahman, that All.

  1. This water is the honey of all beings, and all beings are the honey of this water. Likewise this bright, immortal person in this water, and that bright, immortal person, existing as seed in the body (both are madhu). He indeed is the same as that Self, that Immortal, that Brahman, that All.

brihadaranyaka upnishad:adhyaya II:fifth brahmana

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Soma and Madhu are completely different. This can be discerned from the different rules prescribed for the drinking of Soma and Madhu in this chapter of the Manu Smriti:

  1. He who may possess (a supply of) food sufficient to maintain those dependant on him during three years or more than that, is worthy to drink the Soma-juice.

  2. But a twice-born man, who, though possessing less than that amount of property, nevertheless drinks the Soma-juice, does not derive any benefit from that (act), though he may have formerly drunk the Soma-juice....

  3. Sura one must know to be of three kinds, that distilled from molasses (gaudi), that distilled from ground rice, and that distilled from Madhuka-flowers (madhvi); as the one (named above) even so are all (three sorts) forbidden to the chief of the twice-born.

  4. Sura, (all other) intoxicating drinks and decoctions and flesh are the food of the Yakshas, Rakshasas, and Pisakas; a Brahmana who eats (the remnants of) the offerings consecrated to the gods, must not partake of such (substances).

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