I know about the four Samhita texts and the later Upanishad texts. However, each Veda has Samhita, Brahmana, Aranyaka and Upanishad.

How many Brahmanas and Aranyakas are there under each Veda?

What are there names? (I just know few names like - Satapath Brahmana, Aitareya Brahmana, Aitareya Aranayaka and Sankhayana Aranyaka).

Can anybody give a full list?

English translation available or not? If available, where from I can get?

2 Answers 2


As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas comes in multiple Shakhas or recensions. Each Shakha has its own Samhita, Brahmana, Aranyaka, and Upanishad. According to Patanjali's Mahabhashya, there were originally 1131 Shakhas, so there were 1131 Brahmanas and 1131 Aranyakas. But most Shakhas are now lost. Let me enumerate the surviving Shakhas of the Vedas along with their Brahmanas and Aranyakas:

  1. Rig Veda: The Rig Veda has two surviving Shakhas, the Sakala Shakha and the Bashkala Shakha. The Sakala Shakha contains the Aitareya Brahmana and the Aitareya Aranyaka, and you can read them in English in this document I created. The Bashkala Shakha contains the Kaushitaki Brahmana, which you can read in English here, and the Shankhayana Aranyaka, which you can read here.
  2. Yajur Veda: As I discuss in this answer, the Yajur Veda comes in two forms, Shukla or white and Krishna or black. The Shukla Yajur Veda has two surviving Shakhas, the Madhyandina Shakha and the Kanva Shakha. The Madhyandina Shakha contains one version of the Shatapatha Brahmana and one version of the Brihad Aranyaka, and you can read them in English here. The Kanva Shakha contains another version of the Shatapatha Brahmana and another version of the Brihad Aranyaka, and you can read them in this document I created. The Krishna Yajur Veda has three surviving Shakhas: the Taittiriya Shakha, the Maitrayaniya Shakha, and the Kathaka Shakha. None of the Brahmanas or Aranyakas of the Krishna Yajur Veda are available online in English, but there are English translations of Taittiriya Brahmana and Taittiriya Aranyaka by R.L. Kashyap available in print form.
  3. Sama Veda: The Sama Veda has three surviving Shakhas: the Kauthuma Shakha, the Ranayaniya Shakha, and the Jaiminiya Shakha. There's only one Brahmana of the Sama Veda available in English, the Panchavimsha Brahmana of the Kauthuma Shakha which you can read here. And there's only one Aranyaka available in English, the Jaiminiya Upanishad Brahmana of the Jaiminiya Shakha, which you can read here.
  4. Atharvana Veda: The Atharvana Veda has two surviving Shakhas, the Shaunaka Shakha and the Pippalada Shakha. Most of the Brahmanas and Aranyakas of the Atharvana Veda are lost, which might be for the best considering how Kali Yuga people might misuse it, but one Brahmana survives, the Gopatha Brahmana of the Shaunaka Shakha. But it hasn't been translated into English.


  • Is there any information about division of Shakhas available in Brahmanas?
    – Pandya
    Nov 21, 2020 at 13:30
  • Gopatha Brahmana actually has been translated into English. You should add this to your answer.
    – user23131
    Mar 1, 2021 at 10:01

Vedic Sanskrit corpus

The corpus of Vedic Sanskrit texts includes:

The Samhitas (Sanskrit saṃhitā, "collection"), are collections of metric texts (" mantras"). There are four "Vedic" Samhitas: the Rig- Veda, Sama-Veda , Yajur-Veda , and Atharva-Veda , most of which are available in several recensions (śākhā ). In some contexts, the term Veda is used to refer to these Samhitas

The Brahmanas are prose texts that comment and explain the solemn rituals as well as expound on their meaning and many connected themes. Each of the Brahmanas is associated with one of the Samhitas or its recensions. The Brahmanas may either form separate texts or can be partly integrated into the text of the Samhitas. They may also include the Aranyakas and Upanishads.

The Aranyakas , "wilderness texts" or "forest treaties", were composed by people who meditated in the woods as recluses and are the third part of the Vedas. The texts contain discussions and interpretations of ceremonies, from ritualistic to symbolic meta-ritualistic points of view. It is frequently read in secondary literature.

Older Mukhya Upanishads (Bṛhadāraṇyaka , Chandogya, Kaṭha, Kena , Aitareya, and others).

The Brahmanas, Aranyakas , and Upanishads , among other things, interpret and discuss the Samhitas in philosophical and metaphorical ways to explore abstract concepts such as the Absolute ( Brahman ), and the soul or the self (Atman ), introducing Vedanta philosophy, one of the major trends of later Hinduism.

link:— https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vedas

There are a lot of brahmanas and aranyakas so you shall get in the following links



Although shatpath brahmana is availablle online on sacred texts.com— http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/

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