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I don't know that why Devas are worshiped by humans? In another word, it can be said that, they are worshiped by themselves. Because, We know that all thing, all creature of this world are one Brahman. So I can say that I am(Atman, not body) Devas and Devas is me. Because I am a part of Brahman, Devas and all creature are part of Brahman. Then if Devas is humans and humans is Devas, so why It became the low to worship Devas. And also there is no rules to worship humans, we only serve(seva) to them. Where humans are part of Brahman. Then why we can only worship to Devas, a part of Brahman, and we can't worship to humans, another part of Brahmans. And Vivekananda said, if you serve human, then you also served Brahman. And also it is said that if you worship Devas, they will bless you. But why? Why Devas bless us only if I worship him? whereas they are not above from Karma. And this is responsibility of Devas to serve Brahman. And they can serve Brahman by worship Trideva, by blessing humans. Then why it is needed to worship Devas to be blessed by them?

Note:- It is not duplicate of this post. It is only Update of 1st Q of that post.

  • If you clarified the first question of other question in this post, the part from that question should be removed. The other question should focus on only one question than the multiple questions. – Sarvabhouma Feb 12 '18 at 17:48
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Brahman was this before; therefore it knew even the Ātma (soul, himself). I am Brahman, therefore it became all. And whoever among the gods had this enlightenment, also became That. It is the same with the sages, the same with men. Whoever knows the self as “I am Brahman,” becomes all this universe. Even the gods cannot prevail against him, for he becomes their Ātma. Now, if a man worships another god, thinking: “He is one and I am another,” he does not know. He is like an animal to the gods. As many animals serve a man, so does each man serve the gods. Even if one animal is taken away, it causes anguish; how much more so when many are taken away? Therefore it is not pleasing to the gods that men should know this.

— Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 1.4.10

And nextly why we worship them because they all are brahmana:—

like in vedas indra was a prominent diety agni,soma,surya etc but others too are great and are never marked less.

Which Vedic verses describe Indra as Brahman?

Do any verses in the Vedas declare Agni to be supreme?

Which scriptures or Vedic hymns declare the Sun as the Supreme God (Brahman)?

Do any Vedic verses depict Lord Vishnu to be supreme?

So its very common that gods apart from vedas apart every god is supreme in their texts or scriptues although all are supreme because all are one. :)

Now vedas declare it too:—

13 Glory to Gods, the mighty and the lesser glory to Gods the younger and the elder! Let us, if we have power, pay the God worship: no better prayer than this, ye Gods, acknowledge.

Rig veda 1.27.13

Vedas say to give equal respect to all gods.

46 They call him Indra, Mitra, Varuṇa, Agni, and he is heavenly nobly-winged Garutmān. To what is One, sages give many a title they call it Agni, Yama, Mātariśvan.

Rig Veda: Rig-Veda Book 1: HYMN CLXIV. Viśvedevas:46

Now gods are discussed in brihadaranyaka upnishada :—

NINTH BRAHMANA

  1. Then Vidagdha Sakalya asked him: 'How many gods are there, O Yagnavalkya?' He replied with this very Nivid: 'As many as are mentioned in the Nivid of the hymn of praise addressed to the Visvedevas, viz. three and three hundred, three and three thousand.' 'Yes,' he said, and asked again: 'How many gods are there really, O Yagnavalkya?' 'Thirty-three,' he said. 'Yes,' he said, and asked again How many gods are there really, O Yagnavalkya?' 'Six,' he said. 'Yes,' he said, and asked again:' How many gods are there really, O Yagnavalkya?' 'Three,' he said. 'Yes,' he said, and asked again: 'How many gods are there really, O Yagnavalkya?' 'Two,' he said. 'Yes,' he said, and asked again:'How many gods are there really, O Yagnavalkya?' 'One and a half (adhyardha),' he said. 'Yes,' he said, and asked again: 'How many gods are there really, O Yagnavalkya?' 'One,' he said. 'Yes,' he said, and asked: 'Who are these three and three hundred, three and three thousand?'

  2. Yagnavalkya replied: 'They are only the various powers of them, in reality there are only thirty-three gods.' He asked: 'Who are those thirty-three?' Yagnavalkya replied: 'The eight Vasus,the eleven Rudras, the twelve Adityas. They make thirty-one, and Indra and Pragapati make the thirty-three.'

3. He asked: 'Who are the Vasus.' Yagnavalkya replied: 'Agni (fire), Prithivi (earth), Vayu (air), Antariksha (sky), Aditya (sun), Dyu (heaven), Kandramas (moon), the Nakshatras (stars), these are the Vasus, for in them all that dwells (this world) rests; and therefore they are called Vasus.'

  1. He asked: 'Who are the Rudras?' Yagnavalkya replied: 'These ten vital breaths (pranas, the senses, i. e. the five gnanendriyas, and the five karmendriyas), and Atman, as the eleventh. When they depart from this mortal body, they make us cry (rodayanti), and because they make us cry, they are called Rudras.'

  2. He asked: 'Who are the Adityas?' Yagnavalkya replied: 'The twelve months of the year, and they are Adityas, because they move along (yanti), taking up everything (adadanah). Because they move along, taking up everything, therefore they are called Adityas.'

  3. He asked: 'And who is Indra, and who is Prajapati?' Yagnavalkya replied:' Indra is thunder, Prajapati is the sacrifice.' He asked: 'And what is the thunder?' Yagnavalkya replied: 'The thunderbolt.' He asked: 'And what is the sacrifice?' Yagnavalkya replied: 'The (sacrificial) animals.'

  4. He asked: 'Who are the six?' Yagnavalkya replied: 'Agni (fire), Prithivi (earth), Vayu (air), Antariksha (sky), Aditya (sun), Dyu (heaven), they are the six, for they are all this, the six.'

  5. He asked: 'Who are the three gods?' Yagnavalkya replied: 'These three worlds, for in them all these gods exist.' He asked: 'Who are the two gods?' Yagnavalkya replied: 'Food and breath.' He asked: 'Who is the one god and a half?' Yagnavalkya replied: 'He that blows.'

  6. Here they say: 'How is it that he who blows like one only, should be called one and a half (adhyardha)?' And the answer is: 'Because, when the wind was blowing, everything grew (adhyardhnot).'

He asked: 'Who is the one god?' Yagnavalkya replied: 'Breath (prana), and he is Brahman (the Sutratman), and they call him That (tyad).'

Brihadaranyaka upnishada:second adhyaye:brahmana 9

  • I have understood it. Thanks for your explanation. But plz think about one thing. If a Deva, suppose Indra only think about his pleasure, then how he become Brahman? Because Brahman is not one, he is all and all is he(Brahman). In this way, he only the body, not true self, not Brahman. Then how you can say that Indra and all Devas is Brahman? Plz consider it. – Curious learner Feb 13 '18 at 5:12
  • @Fiercelord please edit the spellings of "Prajapati". Pragapati spelling may make people pronounce it as PaGApati only, which is incorrect. – user12826 Feb 13 '18 at 5:52
  • Gods are forms of god in vedas in kena upnishad they wined because of brahmana and became proud brahmana tested their powers but all were outmatched when indra arrived he disappeared goddess uma told he was brahmana so,gods first came to know about him now, a man as in my answer first verse says understand himself then gods also do not prevail against him because he is now their atman but When understands now vedas say all gods are form of brahmana so in vedas gods do not do a lot bad things vedas and purans are diffrent (Its my thinking you can believe in yourself @user9344763) – Fierce lord Feb 13 '18 at 11:42
  • gods are parts of brahman and when they do something bad they are punished in purans. But they are forms of god like wothout air we could not live now you can think air as a god or part of one god its upto you. – Fierce lord Feb 13 '18 at 11:42
  • @user9344763 it's ok friend yes a thought came in my mind regarding your question that "why humans are not worshiped,why we only serve them" then it is recommend to see god in all creatures then also we worship guru why? because he knew brahmana he is brahmana anybody who knows brahmana is brahmana but who does not is jiva having atman living inside but sometimes unknown. As i said god is one regard him as one or as many. krishna ji too said gods are part of his body so i suggest that believe in one but respect others also as parts or same and never critisize anybody's god its an only advice. – Fierce lord Feb 13 '18 at 14:44

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