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We know Brihaspati is the guru of Devas and Shukra of the Asuras. Both of them are sons of Brahma's Manas Putras so would have had equal chance to lead either of the clans so how did they end up on the opposite spectrums?

The Yog Vasishtha gives an interesting account of Shukracharya's struggles before becoming the guru of the Asuras and I am sharing it in short:

Shukra, the son of sage Bhrigu, had performed tapas but falls in love with a fairy nymph. He pursues her to Indra’s heaven and ends up getting lost in repeated incarnations until he does such severe tapas by the Ganges River that his body perishes. Bhrigu uses his yogi powers to look for his missing son, finds the dead body, and complains to Yama, the god of death. Yama explains the nature of reality to sage Bhrigu, then awakens Shukra who restores his original body and becomes the guru of the demons. (IV.5.7-IV.16)

Is there any other story in scriptures that tells us how Shukra attained the position of the guru of Asuras?

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Here is a link where you can get the story:-

1.Hindupedia

He was one of the sons of sage Bhrigu and his wife Khyati and thus the grandson of Lord Brahma. When they were young, Shukra and Brihaspati studied under the same guru, Sage Angirasa, who also happened to be Brihaspati's father. Shukra was known to be more knowledgeable than Brihaspati. Shukracharya became famous for his ability to resurrect people. He acquired this rare science from Lord Shiva, who was known as Conqueror of Death. The Devi-Bhagavata Purana refers to his mother as Kavyamata. The feminic natured Shukra is a Brahminical planet. He was born on Friday in the year Parthiva on Sraavana Suddha Ashtami when Svati Nakshatra is on the ascent. Hence, Friday is known as Shukravaaram in Indian languages like Sanskrit, Telugu, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Oriya, Bengali, Assamese, and Kannada. He went on to study the Vedas under the rishi Angirasa but he was disturbed by Angirasa's favoritism for his son Brihaspati. He then went to study under rishi Gautama. He later performed penance to Lord Shiva and obtained the Sanjivani mantra. He married Priyavrata's daughter Urjjasvati and they had give sons — Chanda, Amarka, Ṣaṇḍa, Tvastr, Dharaatra and a daughter from his marriage to Indra's daughter Jayanti by the name Devayani. Amarka and Ṣaṇḍa were advisors to Hiranyakashipu.

During this period Brihaspati became the Guru of the Devas. Due to the hatred Sukracarya bore towards Vishnu for what he perceived as the murder of his mother as she had given shelter to some asura whom Vishnu was hunting, Shukracharya decided to become the Guru of Asuras. He helped them achieve victory over the Devas and used his knowledge to revive the dead and wounded among them.

  1. Quora answer by Abhimanyu Ray

sukracharya wanted to be the guru of devas, but lord vishnu appointed brihaspathi as guru of devas, and hence he was demoralize and accepted to be the guru of daitya and treated lord vishnu as one of his greatest enemy. so he tried to defeat indralok many times with his cruel but great mind with the boon associated with him the SANJIVANI MANTRA which can give life to dead ones.

  1. Sukracharya - how he became guru of asuras (demons-rakshasas) and how he knew the art and science of Sanjivini?

4.How Shukracharya became the guru of the Asuras

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    Hi Sushant thanks for the answer but I am looking for the scriptures that give the story not other websites. It would be good if you can give the link to the relevant verses from a scripture. – Dr. Vineet Aggarwal Feb 20 '18 at 12:22
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https://vedicfeed.com/shukracharya-the-guru-of-asuras/#:~:text=Finding%20an%20opportunity%20without%20Shukracharya's,few%20devas%20attacked%20Shukracharya's%20ashram.&text=Due%20to%20the%20hatred%2C%20Shukracharya,become%20the%20Guru%20of%20Asuras.

It gives an explanation as to why Shukracharya was guru of Daityas despite being son of Brahma's manasputra Bhrigu and being as wise as Brihaspati. Yudhisthira also asked the same question to the beloved Bhishma Pitamaha as to,

“Why the renowned Shukra hated the Devas and favored the asuras. Who is this great individual and what is his history? Not many of us know about this.”

There were two primary causes of actions and footsteps which the great sage walked on.

Legends state that Lord Indra favored Brihaspati just like how Rishi Angirasa did and even had an alliance with him. Due to the alliance between Indra and Brihaspati, Shukracharya had ego problems with them and later, Brihaspati was even named as chief priest of Devas, which Shukracharya was not happy with. However, the son of Bhrigu was in many respects, a better choice than the son of Angiras for the position of the head priest of the Gods. Due to this Shukracharya started disliking the Devas and favoring the Asuras which was also a way to take the revenge of this partiality.

However, before Shukracharya’s alliance, it is believed that the Asuras used to be easily defeated by the Devas. Many Asuras used to be killed in the battle following the easy victory of the Devtas. Seeing this, Shukracharya decided to approach Lord Shiva for Mitra Sanjivani mantra using which Shiva could bring back the dead. This would mean a big problem for Indra and the Devas. Hence, Asuras fearing the Devas took shelter in his father’s ashram during that time. One such day, Shukracharya was far away from his father’s Ashram, doing tapasya for Shiva.

Finding an opportunity without Shukracharya’s presence, Lord Indra and few devas attacked Shukracharya’s ashram. However, Shukracharya’s mother Kavyamata gives protection to the Asuras with her yogic powers and Lord Indra gets defeated. Hence, Devas requests Lord Vishnu for help and Lord Vishnu comes to his rescue and thereby beheads Kavyamata with his Sudarshan Chakra.

Seeing this, Rishi Bhrigu, the father of Shukracharya and the husband of Kavyamata, curses Vishnu saying,“ Hey Vishnu! By killing a woman, you have breached Dharma and I, hereby, curse you to take seven births as a Human”. (However, later, Rishi Bhrigu breathes life into his wife Kavyamata.)

Due to the hatred, Shukracharya had developed towards Lord Vishnu and also Lord Indra for being one of the reasons for beheading his mother, he decided to become the Guru of Asuras. This a huge loss for the Devas as Shukracharya was highly knowledgeable since which, he defeats Brihaspati many times and revived many Asuras from death time and again with his Mitra- Sanjeevani’s knowledge.

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