2

There is a Shiva temple in Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh at a place known as Karon, which goes by the name Kameshwar Dham. What is the significance of this place and what is the story behind this temple?

This Hindi Wikipedia article describes the story as described in Valmiki Ramayan.

4
  • Valmiki Ramayana only mentions the story of Kamadahana meaning Shiva burning Kama using his third eye. There is no special mention of Kameshwar temple. Apr 16 '19 at 2:38
  • @Sarvabhouma is there any other place mentioned in the scriptures where this kamdahana incident has taken place
    – codeczar
    Apr 16 '19 at 5:19
  • According to the wikipeadia link this temple is between ayodhya and buxar and in reality too the place is between ayodhya and buxar, we all know that ayodhya is birthplace of Ram and buxar is said to be abode of vishwamitra rishi. Also this place is at confluence of ganga and ghagra(which is believed as part of saryu river)
    – codeczar
    Apr 16 '19 at 5:29
  • This story is not from Ramayana. The actual story from Ramayana was already provided here Feb 27 '20 at 8:31
2

From an article from Speaking tree,

Baliya, Uttar Pradesh is no common place; it is attached to the history of the most feared god, the lord of destruction, the creator, the mystical Lord Shiva. This place is called kameshwar dham, a place that has been mentioned in shivpuran. This is the place where lord shiva opened his third eye.

It is said that when lord shiva was in a state of trance, Lord Kamdev interrupted Lord shiva exactly at this place, hiding behind a tree. There is an interesting story about how all this happened. everybody knows lord shiva was married to sati, sati’s father disrespected lord shiva during a yagna and this led to a tragic incident which left lord shiva stunned along with everyone. Sati, gave up her life because she could not listen to anything against lord shiva by jumping into the fire that was lit for yagna. this made lord shiva so angry that he loses all his senses and wanted to destroy the whole earth. He even did the most feared power ‘tandava’ where he danced and the whole earth went haywire!

Lord shiva’s tandava could destroy the whole universe so the other gods decided to calm him down and after a lot of efforts lord shiva takes up the trance phase and goes for meditation to calm him.

Meanwhile, a demon called ‘tarkasur’ praises lord brahma who is known as the creator of the universe and gets a boon in return. The boon was that he could be only killed by shiva’s son. As sati was no more, tarkasur knew he is immortal now. Tarkasur went on to take over ‘swarg’ and wanted to rule the heaven. Every god in the heaven knew what was about to happen. So they decided to send, Lord kamdev as a messenger to disrupt lord shiva’s meditation.

Lord kamdev then goes to lord shiva, in baliya where he was in trance phase. He hid behind a mango tree and tries to disturb lord shiva by throwing a flower rosette (Pushp Baan). It hit Lord shiva’s chest and his trance phase was disturbed. Lord shiva then gets angry and burns Lord kamdev to ashes by opening his third eye.

The mango tree, which is said to be the same tree as the tree where lord kamdev was hiding still has some burnt areas and still exists. it is also a belief that in tretayuga, Vishwamitra, Rama, and Laxman also visited this place. This place is supposed to be sacred as a lot of rishis have come here and meditated.

3
  • When you have copied text from other sites, you give them proper attribution not just a link in the bottom with a text refer. And you should put it in block quotes. This answer is just copy pasted. Are there any words from you? Feb 22 '18 at 19:11
  • @Sarvabhouma Thanks for adding few words. I missed it.
    – Just_Do_It
    Feb 22 '18 at 19:16
  • @Just_Do_It Can you also find any references to this incident in any religious book referring about the place where Kamdeva was burned
    – codeczar
    Mar 25 '19 at 18:07
3

The other answer has already elaborated on the very well known story of Kameshwara and Kamadahana. A very short and precise summary is that Kameshwar Dham, Ballia is said to be the place where Kama was burnt by Lord Shiva by opening his third eye. Kama was sent by Brahma and the other devas in order to disturb Shiva's penance, so that Shiva can bear a child, who was destined to kill the demon Taraka. This is very beautifully described in Chapters 16-19 of Shiva Purana (Rudra Samhita).

I was a bit intrigued by this, and wanted to dig in a bit more about whether Ballia was itself mentioned anywhere.

Starting off from Ramayana, where we actually get the story of Kamadahana. (Tejaswee's answer goes a lot more in detail about this). In Chapter 23 of Balakanda:

Rama and Lakshmana proceeding with Vishvamitra sojourn in a hermitage at a place where River Ganga and River Sarayu are confluent. Once god Shiva with his third eye burnt down the physical entity of Manmatha, the Love-god, at this place.

This is a clear indication, that the actual location of Kamadahana must be somewhere near the confluence of Ganga and Sarayu, which is the River Ghaghra. Ballia is certainly very near to this place, as it is around 50km away (bird distance). It might have potentially been on the confluence itself, as rivers change their courses over time.

Now, jumping into Shiva Purana, Chapter 18 of Rudrasamhita, aptly titled "Description of Perturbation caused by Kama" states:

After going there, the haughty Kama deluded by Siva's magic power, stationed himself, after first spreading the enchanting power of Spring all around.
The enchanting influence of spring spread everywhere around Osadhiprastha, the penance grove of Lord Siva, the supreme Lord, O excellent sage.
O great sage, the groves bloomed with special exuberance, O excellent sage, due to his power.
The fragrant flowers of Mango and Asoka trees shone heightening feelings of love.

Here we get two significant inputs in our quest. First, it mentions about Osadhiprastha as the place where Kama met Siva. Second, it mentions about Mango trees. Cut to the Speaking Tree article cited in the other answer:

The mango tree, which is said to be the same tree as the tree where lord kamdev was hiding still has some burnt areas and still exists

Therefore the presence of Mango trees during Kamadahana is validated in Shiva Purana.

As for Oshadhi Prashta, it was hard to pin point a particular place as I could not find a mention of it in other parts of Shiva Purana (I used the "search in book" option in archive.org). However, a deeper search of that place, returned some interesting results. The book "The Theosophical Glossary" By Helena Petrovna Blavatsky mentions:

Oshadi Prastha (Sk.). Lit., " the place of medicinal herbs ". A mysterious city in the Himalayas mentioned even from the Vedic period. Tradition shows it as once inhabited by sages, great adepts in the healing art, who used only herbs and plants, as did the ancient Chaldees. The city is mentioned in the Kumara Sambhava of Kalidasa.

This gives us another geographical location about where exactly it might have been located, which is near the Himalayas. While I know that Ballia is in the Gangetic Plains, and not exactly the Himalayas, its proximity to the Himalayas cannot be forgotten.

Therefore to conclude, even though Karon, Ballia hasn't been mentioned, or even referred to in the Puranas, we can infer that Kamadahana happened somewhere near the Himalayas, and somewhere near the confluence of Ganga and Ghagra.


Some additional footnotes that I want to mention:

While searching about the temple itself, I found this other Dainik Bhaskar Hindi News article, which mentions about a certain king Kavaleshwar constructing the temple at Ballia. Searching about King Kavaleshwar did not return any meaningful responses.

I also tried to look for Matsya Purana, where the burning of Kama is written more from a Vishnavaite perspective, but I could not find it online.

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .