Moksha implies freedom from the cycle of rebirth. In theory thus anybody can attain it, including lower species who may ascend to higher consciousness.

What about the latest descendents, who will always have certain Karma-s & desires pending? For example, Pitru-runa implies the generation of offspring and then their upkeep until they become mature as has been done to one by their father.

How to resolve the contradiction then that every living thing in this universe can achieve Moksha?

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    Very good Qn! Have made your Qn more generalised (rather than specific case Pitru-runa) for future duplicates. Many people believe that an individual soul resides in every living entity. This soul / jiva eventually ascends to certain life form which are qualified for Moksha & then it's liberated. The world keep running until every bacteria hasn't attained liberation. To me that notion seems flawed as it would never complete the cycle in theory.
    – iammilind
    Commented Mar 12, 2018 at 5:09
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    They can upkeep their offsprings even by doing Nishkama Karma (which is part and parcel of Karma Yoga). One can even attain Moksha by doing mundane things but they shouldn't get attached to them.
    – The Destroyer
    Commented Mar 12, 2018 at 5:23
  • If a person attains moksha then their ancestors are also transitioned. Thus pitru runa is paid off manifold if a scion attains moksha. They usually say 10 preceding and 10 succeeding generations of the "moksha'ed" person transition.
    – user1195
    Commented Mar 12, 2018 at 13:19
  • Do you mean one can not get Moksha due to Karma of his sons?
    – Pandya
    Commented Nov 6, 2018 at 5:46

1 Answer 1


First of all, all will never attain Moksha simultaneously, as that is against the will of the Supreme Who created this world. As Sri Krishna puts it in the Gita:

7.3 Among thousands of men a rare one endeavours for perfection. Even of the perfected ones who are diligent, one perchance knows Me in truth.

Moksha is for the one who knows Him in truth.That is always very rare.If all are able to climb Mount Everest, the glory of climbing will die!

Sri Sri Devi-Mahatmya also says almost the same thing:

tathApi mamatA-avarte moha-garte nipatitAh/mahAmAyA-prabhvena samsara-sthitikArinA../jnAninAm api chetAmsi devi bhagavati hi sA/ valad Akrishya mohAya mahAmAyA prayachchati/ tayA visrijyate visvam jagad etat charAcharam/ saishA prasannA varadA nrinAm bhavati muktaye// (chapter 1, mantras 53-57

All the beings are still made to fall in the holes of delusion and whirlpools of 'mine-ness' by the world-preserving effect ot Mahamaya. She forcibly fills even the minds of the wises by attractions and delusions. She alone can grant liberation only when She is pleased and is in the boon-giving mood.

Vishnu and Vishnu-Maya are just two sides of the same coin as per our scriptures, as Shakti and ShaktimAn are one and the same.

All will therefore never be allowed to get Moksha simultaneously, as it will be against the will of the world-preserving power of the Almighty.

Now about the Pitri-rina.No, He who surrenders Himself to God completely pleases Him by devotion. Sri Krishna Himself says in the Gita that He is always pleased with His devotees.

The mantra says

priyatAm pundarikAkshah sarva-jajnesvaro Harih/ tasmin tushte jagat tushtam prinite prinitam jagat//

May the lotus-eyed Lord, who is goal of all the worships be pleased.If He is satisfied, the entire world is satisfied. If He is pleased, ALL are pleased.

As ALL are pleased, the real devotee is no more bound by any obligations to any party including the manes. So he is automatically freed from the pitri-rina and does not have to procreate any longer.

But as mentioned, that always happens for a chosen few. All will never get Moksha simultaneously, even at the time of pralaya.

  • This is wrong. Everyone achieves moksha. It is true that at a given time very few people are realized, but it is not true that everyone does not realise.
    – user17858
    Commented May 4, 2019 at 7:32
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    @ShashwatAsthana Where is it written that everyone does NOT realise? Everyone does not realise SIMULTANEOUSLY
    – user17294
    Commented May 4, 2019 at 7:34
  • sorry, my mistake. I thought you said everyone does not realize.
    – user17858
    Commented May 4, 2019 at 7:37
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    @ShashwatAsthana Okay, all of us do commit mistakes.Thanks
    – user17294
    Commented May 4, 2019 at 7:38

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