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According to wikipedia article on Rishabhanatha -

The Yajurveda mentions the name of three Tīrthaṅkaras – Ṛṣabha, Ajitanatha and Arishtanemi, states Radhakrishnan, and "the Bhāgavata Purāṇa endorses the view that Ṛṣabha was the founder of Jainism".

Where is the mention of these Tirthankaras in Yajurveda?

  • Yajurveda predates Jainism. It is unlikely that you will find mentions of Jainism/Jain masters in the veda. It is possible that the names we see in the veda were used for latter-day Jain saints as well. For e.g., if I were to name my son Rama, it does not mean that he is Lord Rama although the hope is that he will emulate Lord Rama. – user1195 Apr 2 '18 at 15:43
  • @moonstar i know! Just some Jains were claiming this so I thought why not recheck, yajur Veda is from satyuga afterall – Anubhav Jha Apr 2 '18 at 15:45
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Regarding mention of the name of Rishabha .

The word Rishabha is used in Yajurveda for ram not for Tīrthaṅkaras. In Yajurveda Samhita 21.60 .According to some sources the actual name is Usabha and not Rishabha. The word Rishabha is used for ram many times in all four vedas.

सुपस्था s अद्य देवो वनस्पतिरभवदव्श्रीभ्यां छागेन सरस्वत्यै मेषेणेन्द्राय ऋषभेणा क्षस्तान
मेदस्त: प्रति पचतागृभीषतावीवृधन्त पुरोडाशैरपुरश्विना सरस्वतीन्द्र: सुमात्रा सुरासोमान् |

60 To-day the divine Vanaspatî has done good service to the Asvins with a goat, to Sarasvatî with a ram, to Indra with a bull. They have eaten these from the marrow onwards, they have accepted the cooked viands, they have waxed strong with the rice-cakes. The Agnis, Sarasvatî, and Indra have drunk the Surâ and Soma draughts.

According to Hinduism Rishabha is one of the twenty two avatars of Vishnu in the Bhagavata Purana. Here is English Translation.


Regarding mention of the name of Ariṣṭanemi.

Ariṣṭanemi was one of the five sons of Vinatā and Kaśyapa, and a brother of the famous Garuḍa. Sometimes, the sage Kaśyapa himself has been known by this name. The Pāṇḍava prince Sahadeva had assumed this name when he lived in Virāṭanagara, in disguise.

This whole mantra is from Yajurveda samhita 25.19 and .Here we can see the meaning of Ariṣṭanemi

स्वस्ति न इन्द्रो वृद्धश्रवाः स्वस्ति नः पूषा विश्ववेदाः ।
स्वस्ति नस्ताक्षर्यो अरिष्टनेमिः स्वस्ति नो ब्रुहस्पतिर्दधातु ।| YV 25.19||

Swasti Na Indro Vriddhashravah Swasti Na Poosha Vishwa-Vedaah Swasti Nastaaksharyo Arishtanemih Swasti No Brihaspatir-dadhaatu

May God Indra of Great fame bless us , May the Omniscient Poosha bless us ,May the Protector Garuda bless us ,May Lord Brihaspati protect us


Regarding mention of the name of Ajitanatha .

The wikipedia itself say that - "The Yajurveda mentions the name of Ajitanatha, but the meaning is not clear."

According to this site Ajitanatha is mentioned in Yajurveda 25, 19 and 9, 25


In conclusion there is no trace of tirthankaras in Yajurveda. only the similar names . And the meaning of those names in vedas are different.

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    I think they have different meanings and may not be names of Jain Tirthakaras. – The Destroyer Mar 14 '18 at 8:55
  • @TheDestroyer Yes you are right the meaning is totally different. Stated that in conclusion . :-) – SwiftPushkar Mar 14 '18 at 8:56
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    Yes. Saw now. Good answer, btw. – The Destroyer Mar 14 '18 at 8:56

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