I know that Navrathri is 9 days occasion on which Goddess shows different deity forms each day. But I am not sure what is the significance of these nine deity forms and why Goddess decided to take these avatars?

I heard a story that Goddess Parvati was angry on lord Shiva for cutting head of lord Ganesha. From this anger, these nine avatars were emerged. But I am not sure to which extent it is true?

  • Why don't you search on the internet? you will find on wikipedia with all the refereces... Before asking do some research
    – prem30488
    Aug 12, 2014 at 18:37
  • The significance is given here en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Navratri
    – prem30488
    Aug 12, 2014 at 18:38
  • Nine forms are nine incranations of Shakti for various purposes
    – prem30488
    Aug 12, 2014 at 18:39
  • Lord Brahma is cited in the Markandey Purana as mentioning to Rishi Markandey that the first incarnation of Shakti was as Shailputri. Further incarnations of the Divine Mother are: Brahmcharñi, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandamata, Katyayani, Kalratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidatri in that order. These nine manifestations of Shakti, are worshipped as "Nava-Durga".
    – prem30488
    Aug 12, 2014 at 18:39
  • is your question about navratri or nav-durga incranations? Both are different questions.
    – prem30488
    Aug 12, 2014 at 18:40

1 Answer 1


Significance of Navaratri

Navaratri represents a celebration of the Goddess Amba(the Power). In gujarat(India) we do Aarti of Mother Amba all 9 days and play Garaba.

Navaratri or Navadurga Parva happens to be the most auspicious and unique period of devotional sadhanas and worship of Shakti (the sublime, ultimate, absolute creative energy) of the Divine conceptualized as the Mother Goddess-Durga, whose worship dates back to prehistoric times before the dawn of the Vedic age.

Ref: Wikipedia

Significance of Nav - durga incarnations

Name - worship day on navratri - Planet Govern

Shailputri - Day 1 - Moon

After the self-immolation as Goddess Sati, Goddess Parvati took birth as the daughter of Lord Himalaya. In Sanskrit Shail means the mountain and due to which Goddess was known as Shailputri, the daughter of the mountain.

Brahmacharini - Day 2 - Mangal

Goddess Parvati took birth at the home of Daksha Prajapati. In this form the Goddess Parvati was a great Sati and her unmarried form is worshipped as Goddess Brahmacharini.

Goddess Brahmacharini did severe penance to get Lord Shiva as her husband. She performed hard austerity and due to which She was called Brahmacharini.

Chandraghanta - Day 3 - Shukra

Goddess Chandraghanta is the married form the Goddess Parvati. After getting married to Lord Shiva Goddess Mahagauri started adorning her forehead with half Chandra and due to which Goddess Parvati was known as Goddess Chandraghanta.

Kushmanda - Day 4 - Aun

Goddess Parvati started living inside the center of the Sun so that He can liberate energy to the universe. Since then Goddess is known as Kushmanda. Kushmanda is the Goddess who has the power and capability to live inside the Sun. The glow and radiance of her body is as luminous as that of the Sun.

Skandamata - Day 5 - Budha

When Goddess Parvati became the mother of Lord Skanda (also known as Lord Kartikeya), Mata Parvati was known as Goddess Skandamata.

Katyayani - Day 6 - Brihaspati(Guru)

To destroy demon Mahishasura, Goddess Parvati took the form of Goddess Katyayani. It was the most violent form of Goddess Parvati. In this form Goddess Parvati is also known as Warrior Goddess.

Kalratri - Day 7 - Shani

When the Goddess Parvati removed outer golden skin to kill demons named Shumbha and Nishumbha, She was known as Goddess Kalaratri. Kalaratri is the fiercest and the most ferocious form of Goddess Parvati.

Mahagauri - Day 8 - Rahu

According to Hindu mythologies, the Goddess Shailputri at the age of sixteen was extremely beautiful and was blessed with fair complexion. Due to her extreme fair complexion she was known as Goddess Mahagauri.

Siddhidatri - Day 9 - Ketu

In the beginning of the universe Lord Rudra worshipped Adi-Parashakti for creation. It is believed that Goddess Adi-Parashakti had no form. The supreme Goddess of Power, Adi-Parashakti, appeared in the form of Siddhidatri from the left half of Lord Shiva.

Reference : Markandey Purana (In Durga Saptshati, the Markandeya Purana depicts nine embodiments of the Goddess)
Also See: Nav Durga on Wikipedia and Devi Mahatmya

  • 1
    If you're giving the Markandeya Puranas as a source, you should cite exactly where in the Markandeya Purana you're getting this information from? Oct 17, 2014 at 13:43
  • 1
    @KeshavSrinivasan I tried to give links but could not get exact link of "Durga Saptshati", if anybody find, one can edit it.. Thank You Keshavji for your advice.
    – prem30488
    Oct 17, 2014 at 18:20

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