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The Gayatri-Mantra appeared in the Rigveda, which was composed between c. 1700–1100 BCE.
This Mantra has probably been transmitted from masters to disciples, a long time before being written.

Question: When did the Gayatri-Mantra appear orally for the first time (approximately)?

  • We can ask the same question for the Mantra "OM". – Sebastien Palcoux Aug 10 '14 at 11:42
  • I could give you a religious answer, about how and when the gods first gave the Gayatri mantra to humans, but I assume you want some sort of scientific answer. That would be difficult, because it's hard to assess when a given oral tradition process began. – Keshav Srinivasan Aug 11 '14 at 13:50
  • @KeshavSrinivasan: I'm interested in your religious answer. Is this religious answer also given by oral tradition or does it come from scriptures? – Sebastien Palcoux Aug 11 '14 at 14:36
  • Well, it comes from Hindu scripture, but all Hindu scripture comes from oral tradition. – Keshav Srinivasan Aug 11 '14 at 19:16
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    @ParthTrivedi: Yes, a good approximation of the date would also be very interesting. Keshav Srinivasan seems to have an answer, I don't understand why he doesn't post it. – Sebastien Palcoux Aug 15 '14 at 17:42
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  1. According to latest research on the dates of Saraswati river and Rama Setu, both these are older than 1700 BCE (NASA's research stated this and I don't currently have links to it.)Therefore ,it is incorrect to date Rig Veda, which existed prior to Rama Avatar, to 1700-1100 BC.

  2. The currently-used savitR Gayatri Mantra was revealed to sage Viswamitra who pre-dated Rama. (Age of Rama Setu is >1,750,000 years, see here).

  3. Prior to savitR (or Sun) gAyatri, people worshipped Indra gAyatri

  4. And prior to Indra gAyatri, people worshipped brahma gAyatri.

Points 3 and 4 were researched and revealed by kAvya kanTha gaNapati muni.

In essence, it is not possible to date the gayatri mantra. We just need to remember that the Supreme pre-dates us and has continually manifested/revealed itself in various forms (mantra, avatAra etc.) since time immemorial. Modern science is too green and immature to help us understand what exists here and beyond. A lot more research by modern scientists (some of whom are rishis themselves - I consider Einstein, Bohr etc. rishis) is needed for us to even get some semblance of an understanding. kEnOpanishad states that brahman is beyond the known and the unknown. So it may very well be that science will never mature to a state where all is explained.

Ref:http://www.vidyavrikshah.org/scripture/upanishads/kena1.html

  • Do you have some references about the previous Gayatri you cite: "Brahma Gayatri" before "Indra Gayatri" before "Savitr Gayatri" ? – Sebastien Palcoux Dec 28 '14 at 8:21
  • kindly provide reference of NASA research ? @moonstar – zaxebo1 Mar 22 '18 at 1:43

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