Generally we do a sankalpam before any pooja but during an annual cycle we recite the MahaSankalpam also. What is the meaning of the MahaSankalpam and what all scientific facts can be derived from them?

  • If you are talking about deshkallocharana it is the one to specify where are you performing pooja
    – Yogi
    Aug 11, 2014 at 6:14

1 Answer 1


It gives current time and location of performer starting from lifetime of Brahma and place in Anda-Kataha.

Detailed answer in this blog :

Dviteeya parardhe - in the 2nd half of Brhama's life
Svetavaraha kalpe - in the kalpa of Sveta-Varaha
Vaivaswatha manvantare - in the reining period of current manu Vaivaswatha
Ashta Vimsati tame - in the 28th mahayuga of current manavantara
Kaliyuge - in kali yuga
Prathame Padhe - in first quarter of this yuga
Jamboodveepe - the jambu island
Bharata Varshe, Bharata Kande - in the land of Bharat
Sakhabde Mero, Dakshine Parsve - to South of Meru mountain
Asmin Varthamane Vyavaharike - in the current period now reigning
Prabhavadi Shashti Samvatsaranam Madye - among the cycle of 60 years starting from Prabhava
__ Nama Samvatsare - the name of year in 60 year Hindu calendar (current 2018-2019 is Vilambi)

__ Ayane - Half year : Uttara (mid-Jan to mid-July), or Dakshina (mid-July to mid-Jan)

__ Ritou - 6 seasons or Ritus - Vasantha, Greeshma, Varsha, Sharadh, Hemantha, Shishira

__ Maase - 12 months of Lunar/Solar calendar

__ Pakshe - Fortnight of waxing or waning moon : Shukla (day after Amavasya till and including Pournami) or Krishna (day after Pournami till and including Amavasya)

__ Subha Thithou - 15 days (tithi) between Pournami and Amavasya (Prathama, Dvithiya, Trithiya,Chaturthi, Panchami, Shasti, Saptami, Ashtami, Navami, Dasami,Ekadasi, Dwadashi, Trayodasi, Chaturdasi, Pournami or Amavasya)

__ Vasara Yuktayam - week day : (Bhanu, Soma, Bhowma, Soumya, Guru, Brugu and Sthira)

__ Nakshatra Yuktayam - 27 stars or Nakshatra

__ Yoga / Karana - usually Shuba / Shuba

Read the blog I listed above for more explanation.

For details about Vedic units of time

  • 1
    This is where I have problem. I am philosophically more Hindu but accepting such huge number of years look hard for me, that too cyclic. Nov 22, 2018 at 10:07
  • The above answer is a very good explanation of the "Nitya Sankalpam", which is chanted on a daily basis for nitya karmas. However, the "Maha Sankalpam" actually describes the Brahmanda, as created by Brahma himself. This is chanted on special occasions, and is rarely heard these days.
    – sastry
    Aug 24, 2019 at 1:36
  • The question is about details of Maha sankalpam. But your answer and the blog you have linked is talking about Sankalpa mantra chanted in nitya karmas. Please edit your answer or this might get deleted. Aug 27, 2019 at 8:12
  • @Sarvabhouma, this is the maha sankalpa chanted during upakarma etc.
    – ram
    Aug 27, 2019 at 17:16
  • @ram As far as I know, mahasankalpam is not chanted during uakarma. Only Sankalpam is chanted. For mahasankalpam, see my question asking source of Mahasankalpam. It contains more detail. The blog contains about sankalpam only. Aug 28, 2019 at 5:54

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