Generally we do a sankalpam before any pooja but during an annual cycle we recite the MahaSankalpam also. What is the meaning of the MahaSankalpam and what all scientific facts can be derived from them?

  • If you are talking about deshkallocharana it is the one to specify where are you performing pooja – Yogi Aug 11 '14 at 6:14

It gives current time and location of performer starting from lifetime of Brahma and place in Anda-Kataha.

Detailed answer in this blog :

Dviteeya parardhe - in the 2nd half of Brhama's life
Svetavaraha kalpe - in the kalpa of Sveta-Varaha
Vaivaswatha manvantare - in the reining period of current manu Vaivaswatha
Ashta Vimsati tame - in the 28th mahayuga of current manavantara
Kaliyuge - in kali yuga
Prathame Padhe - in first quarter of this yuga
Jamboodveepe - the jambu island
Bharata Varshe, Bharata Kande - in the land of Bharat
Sakhabde Mero, Dakshine Parsve - to South of Meru mountain
Asmin Varthamane Vyavaharike - in the current period now reigning
Prabhavadi Shashti Samvatsaranam Madye - among the cycle of 60 years starting from Prabhava
__ Nama Samvatsare - the name of year in 60 year Hindu calendar (current 2018-2019 is Vilambi)

__ Ayane - Half year : Uttara (mid-Jan to mid-July), or Dakshina (mid-July to mid-Jan)

__ Ritou - 6 seasons or Ritus - Vasantha, Greeshma, Varsha, Sharadh, Hemantha, Shishira

__ Maase - 12 months of Lunar/Solar calendar

__ Pakshe - Fortnight of waxing or waning moon : Shukla (day after Amavasya till and including Pournami) or Krishna (day after Pournami till and including Amavasya)

__ Subha Thithou - 15 days (tithi) between Pournami and Amavasya (Prathama, Dvithiya, Trithiya,Chaturthi, Panchami, Shasti, Saptami, Ashtami, Navami, Dasami,Ekadasi, Dwadashi, Trayodasi, Chaturdasi, Pournami or Amavasya)

__ Vasara Yuktayam - week day : (Bhanu, Soma, Bhowma, Soumya, Guru, Brugu and Sthira)

__ Nakshatra Yuktayam - 27 stars or Nakshatra

__ Yoga / Karana - usually Shuba / Shuba

Read the blog I listed above for more explanation.

For details about Vedic units of time

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    This is where I have problem. I am philosophically more Hindu but accepting such huge number of years look hard for me, that too cyclic. – Spark Sunshine Nov 22 '18 at 10:07
  • The question is about details of Maha sankalpam. But your answer and the blog you have linked is talking about Sankalpa mantra chanted in nitya karmas. Please edit your answer or this might get deleted. – Sarvabhouma Aug 27 '19 at 8:12
  • @Sarvabhouma, this is the maha sankalpa chanted during upakarma etc. – ram Aug 27 '19 at 17:16
  • @ram As far as I know, mahasankalpam is not chanted during uakarma. Only Sankalpam is chanted. For mahasankalpam, see my question asking source of Mahasankalpam. It contains more detail. The blog contains about sankalpam only. – Sarvabhouma Aug 28 '19 at 5:54
  • @Sarvabhouma, interesting.. hearing that for first time. – ram Aug 28 '19 at 6:06

The above answer is a very good explanation of the "Nitya Sankalpam", which is chanted on a daily basis for nitya karmas.

However, the "Maha Sankalpam" actually describes the Brahmanda, as created by Brahma himself. This is chanted on special occasions, and is rarely heard these days.

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    Hello, welcome to Hinduism Stack Exchange. Please cite source(s) that supports your answer. – Krishna Shweta Aug 24 '19 at 15:54
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    This sounds like comment rather than an answer. Visit How to Answer. Elaborate on how Mahashankalpa describes Brahmanda and it's significe by editing the answer. Also note that you should cite some sources. – Pandya Aug 26 '19 at 1:09
  • @Paṇḍyā Have you listened to Mahasankalpam? It is quite clear that it contains all the details about the universe, seven continents, islands etc., It is elaboration of normal sankalpam.This is an answer and not a comment. I don't see any clarification asked in the answer. Answer contains an info it is chanted in special occasions and it describes universe. It is a partial answer. Not every answer is perfect. We allow partial answers also. – Sarvabhouma Aug 27 '19 at 7:59
  • @@KrishnaShweta This answer doesn't require any sources. It is quite clear if you once listen to Mahasankalpam. It only needs some explanation on how the universe is explained in the mahasankalpam. The reader who is listening and reviewer should also have some knowledge about what is answer talking about. It is a plain fact like day has 24 hours. See What is the source of a mantra called Mahā saṃkalpaṃ? cc @Paṇḍyā – Sarvabhouma Aug 27 '19 at 8:08

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